The Machine in the Garden

Author: Leo Marx
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195133516
Format: PDF, Docs
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For more than 40 years, Marx's work focused on technology and culture in 19th- and 20th-century America. This edition celebrates the anniversary of Marx's classic text, and features a new Afterword on the process of writing the book. Illustrations.

The Machine in the Garden

Author: Leo Marx
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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'Taking the deceptively simple theme of pastoralism, he has ranged imaginatively through the landscape of American thought and experience and has helped us to re-see as well as to re-interpret our culture....Students of American civilizaton, no matter what their specialties, are bound to be influenced by this rich and engaging book.' Daniel Aaron

Rereading the Machine in the Garden

Author: Eric Erbacher
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593501910
Format: PDF
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The volume reexamines the trope of the intrusive machine and the regenerative pastoral garden, laid out fifty years ago by Leo Marx inThe Machine in the Garden, one of the founding texts of American Studies. Contributions explore the lasting influence of the trope in American culture and the arts, rereading it as a dialectics where nature is as much technologized as technology is naturalized. They trace this dialectic trope in filmic and literary representations of industrial, bureaucratic, and digital gardens; they explore its function in the aftermath of the civil war, the rural electrification during the New Deal, in landscape art, and in ethnic literatures; and they discuss the historical premises and lasting influence of Leo Marx's seminal study.

Hermeneutik des Gesichts

Author: Uwe Fleckner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110403560
Format: PDF
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Das Porträt ist seit seinen Anfängen und bis in die Kunst der unmittelbaren Gegenwart hinein als eine Kunstform der Widersprüche zu charakterisieren: Vor die Aufgabe gestellt, mit dem individuellen Menschen und seiner Charakterisierung einen strikt vorgegebenen Gegenstand zu erfassen und zugleich ein Kunstwerk eigenen Rechts zu gestalten, sehen sich sämtliche Bildnisformen einem ästhetischen Konflikt ausgesetzt, dessen Lösungen denkbar stark zwischen naturnaher Wiedergabe und weitgehend abstrakter Werkerfindung oszillieren. Der vorliegende Band widmet sich der Gattung des Porträts medienübergreifend und in seiner gesamten thematischen Bandbreite: Von der Erkundung des Individuums im Bildnis über die politische Funktion der Gattung, von der Stilisierung des Menschen zu Maske, Rolle und Typus bis hin zu den Inszenierungsstrategien des Künstlers im Selbstporträt reichen die gattungstheoretisch angelegten Fallbeispiele internationaler Autoren.

Trading Environments

Author: Gordon M. Winder
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317391624
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume examines dynamic interactions between the calculative and speculative practices of commerce and the fruitfulness, variability, materiality, liveliness and risks of nature. It does so in diverse environments caught up in new trading relationships forged on and through frontiers for agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. Historical resource frontiers are understood in terms of commercial knowledge systems organized as projects to transform landscapes and environments. The book asks: how were environments traded, and with what environmental and landscape consequences? How have environments been engineered, standardized and transformed within past trading systems? What have been the successes and failures of economic knowledge in dealing with resource production in complex environments? It considers cases from northern Europe, North and South America, Central Africa and New Zealand in the period between 1750 and 1990, and the contributors reflect on the effects of transnational commodity chains, competing economic knowledge systems, environmental ignorance and learning, and resource exploitation. In each case they identify tensions, blind spots, and environmental learning that plagued commercial projects on frontiers.

Minding the Machine

Author: Stephen P. Rice
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520926578
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this innovative book, Stephen P. Rice offers a new understanding of class formation in America during the several decades before the Civil War. This was the period in the nation's early industrial development when travel by steamboat became commonplace, when the railroad altered concepts of space and time, and when Americans experienced the beginnings of factory production. These disorienting changes raised a host of questions about what machinery would accomplish. Would it promote equality or widen the distance between rich and poor? Among the most contentious questions were those focusing on the social consequences of mechanization: while machine enthusiasts touted the extent to which machines would free workers from toil, others pointed out that people needed to tend machines, and that that work was fundamentally degrading and exploitative. Minding the Machine shows how members of a new middle class laid claim to their social authority and minimized the potential for class conflict by playing out class relations on less contested social and technical terrains. As they did so, they defined relations between shopowners—and the overseers, foremen, or managers they employed—and wage workers as analogous to relations between head and hand, between mind and body, and between human and machine. Rice presents fascinating discussions of the mechanics' institute movement, the manual labor school movement, popular physiology reformers, and efforts to solve the seemingly intractable problem of steam boiler explosions. His eloquent narrative demonstrates that class is as much about the comprehension of social relations as it is about the making of social relations, and that class formation needs to be understood not only as a social struggle but as a conceptual struggle.

Puritanismus und Pioniergeist

Author: Ulrike Brunotte
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110167290
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mit der Überfahrt der Mayflower 1620 begann die neuenglische Geschichte als ein puritanisches Gründungsexperiment inmitten der Wildnis. Anhand von Selbstzeugnissen wird die bewegte Geschichte der religionspolitischen Anfänge Nordamerikas rekonstruiert.