The Mycoplasmas V3

Author: R.F. Whitcomb
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323153836
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Mycoplasmas, Volume III: Plant and Insect Mycoplasmas is a volume of a comprehensive three-volume series encompassing various facets of mycoplasmology. It attempts not only to present an extensive and critical review of the rapidly expanding field of plant and insect mycoplasmas, but also to integrate these important subdisciplines into the total field of mycoplasmology. This volume, in particular, shows relevant information on a group of helical mycoplasmas(spiroplasmas), stressing their part in plant and insect diseases. It discusses the tick-borne spiroplasmas and their possible role in vertebrate disease. Other suspected mycoplasmal plant diseases, vector transmission of mycoplasmas and spiroplasmas, and the chemotherapy of mycoplasmal plant diseases are also described. This book will serve as a standard reference work for mycoplasmologists, as well as for other interested microbiologists, cellular and molecular biologists, membrane biochemists, clinicians, veterinarians, plant pathologists, and entomologists.

Tree Mycoplasmas and Mycoplasma Diseases

Author: Chuji Hiruki
Publisher: University of Alberta
ISBN: 9780888641267
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Mycoplasma are the smallest free-living prokaryotes lacking a cell wall and are, therefore, highly pleomorphic. This book is a contribution toward an understanding of the complex problems of tree diseases caused by mycoplasma-like organisms and their relatives.

Plant and Insect Mycoplasma Techniques

Author: M. J. Daniels
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401511640
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Only 14 years have passed since the first publication appeared which implicated mycoplasmas as agents of plant disease. The diseases them selves have been known for much longer; indeed clover phyllody, a typical example, was described in the seventeenth century, well before any animal mycoplasma diseases had been documented. The early history of plant mycoplasmas is described in Chapter 2 and one obvious conclusion to be drawn from the frustrating experiences of the earlier workers is that the experimental methods at their disposal were simply inadequate for the task. Progress in science depends critically upon the development of new methods. Although important advances have been made in plant and insect mycoplasmology, notably in the discovery of spiroplasmas, many intractable problems remain. Most plant myco plasmas cannot yet be cultured in vitro, and their natural plant habitat, the phloem, is one of the most difficult plant tissues for the experi menter to handle, placing severe restrictions on the type of experiments which can be performed in vivo. It is clear that radically new methods may be required to solve these problems. A survey of the progress which has been made shows that application of techniques from a wide range of disciplines has been necessary. A successful individual or group of workers must possess the skills of a plant pathologist, a plantsman, a plant physiologist, a light-and electron microscopist, a bacteriologist, a biochemist, an immunologist, an ento mologist, a virologist and a molecular geneticist.

Biology of the Plant Bugs Hemiptera Miridae

Author: Alfred George Wheeler
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801438271
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Plant bugs—Miridae, the largest family of the Heteroptera, or true bugs—are globally important pests of crops such as alfalfa, apple, cocoa, cotton, sorghum, and tea. Some also are predators of crop pests and have been used successfully in biological control. Certain omnivorous plant bugs have been considered both harmful pests and beneficial natural enemies of pests on the same crop, depending on environmental conditions or the perspective of an observer.As high-yielding varieties that lack pest resistance are planted, mirids are likely to become even more important crop pests. They also threaten crops as insecticide resistance in the family increases, and as the spread of transgenic crops alters their populations. Predatory mirids are increasingly used as biocontrol agents, especially of greenhouse pests such as thrips and whiteflies. Mirids provide abundant opportunities for research on food webs, intraguild predation, and competition.Recent worldwide activity in mirid systematics and biology testifies to increasing interest in plant bugs. The first thorough review and synthesis of biological studies of mirids in more than 60 years, Biology of the Plant Bugs will serve as the basic reference for anyone studying these insects as pests, beneficial IPM predators, or as models for ecological research.

The Mycoplasmas V5

Author: R Whitcomb
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323143555
Format: PDF
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The Mycoplasmas,Volume V: Spiroplasmas, Acholeplasmas,and Mycoplasmas of Plants and Arthropods focuses on existing knowledge and recent development in research on spiroplasmas, acholeplasmas, and other mollicutes of plants and arthropods. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume discusses the nutrition, cultivation, ecology, and molecular and cellular biology of spiroplasmas. Because the occurrence of other mollicutes (mycoplasma and acholeplasma) in plant and arthropod environments is not extensively discussed in other volumes, this volume shows the rapid progress in describing the new mollicutes from arthropods and plant surface that they contaminate. Molecular studies of mollicute phylogeny and plant infections incited by the so-called mycoplasma-like organisms are also presented. This book will provide a comprehensive reference source for all mycoplasmologists and a relevant and exhaustive summary of recent advances in the study of spiroplasmas, acholeplasmas, and mycoplasmas in plant and arthropod hosts for microbiologists, cellular and molecular biologists, plant pathologists, and entomologists.

Mycoplasma Pathogenicity

Author: S. Razin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483262707
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Mycoplasmas, Volume IV: Mycoplasma Pathogenicity is a collection of essays that discusses the factors involved in recovery of mollicutes. The book presents the importance of mixed infections involving mycoplasmas and other microorganisms. It also demonstrates the importance of mycoplasmal arthritis in veterinary medicine. The text describes the dynamics and physicochemical aspects of adherence. It discusses the interaction of mycoplasmas with lymphoid cells and macrophages. Another topic of interest is the induction of cytotoxic lymphocytes by mycoplasma. The section that follows describes the chemoprophylaxis for mycoplasma diseases in man. The book will provide valuable insights for microbiologists, pathologists, students, and researchers in the field of bacteriology.