The Mystery of Moral Authority

Author: Russell Blackford
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137562706
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Mystery of Moral Authority argues for a sceptical and pragmatic view of morality as an all-too-human institution. Searching, intellectually rigorous, and always fair to rival views, it represents the state of the art in a tradition of moral philosophy that includes Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, and J.L. Mackie.

Moral Authority Men of Science and the Victorian Novel

Author: Anne DeWitt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110724515X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nineteenth-century men of science aligned scientific practice with moral excellence as part of an endeavor to secure cultural authority for their discipline. Anne DeWitt examines how novelists from Elizabeth Gaskell to H. G. Wells responded to this alignment. Revising the widespread assumption that Victorian science and literature were part of one culture, she argues that the professionalization of science prompted novelists to deny that science offered widely accessible moral benefits. Instead, they represented the narrow aspirations of the professional as morally detrimental while they asserted that moral concerns were the novel's own domain of professional expertise. This book draws on works of natural theology, popular lectures, and debates from the pages of periodicals to delineate changes in the status of science and to show how both familiar and neglected works of Victorian fiction sought to redefine the relationship between science and the novel.

Die Selbstmord Schwestern

Author: Jeffrey Eugenides
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644011710
Format: PDF, ePub
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«Ein großer Erzähler.» (Der Spiegel) Im Vorstadthaus der Familie Lisbon leben fünf schöne Töchter: die gescheite Therese, die pingelige Mary, die asketische Bonnie, die scharfe Lux und die blasse, lammfromme Cecilia. Als sich die jüngste von ihnen aus dem Fenster stürzt, beginnt das «Jahr der Selbstmorde», das alle Beteiligten und Beobachter für immer verändern wird. Schaurig-ironisch und zärtlich zugleich zeichnet der Pulitzer-Preisträger das Porträt einer Jugend, die ihre Unschuld verloren hat. «Sein bestes Buch.» (Stern) «Es gibt nur wenige zeitgenössische Autoren, die so brillant, so präzise und unerbittlich schreiben können wie dieser US-Schriftsteller.» (Financial Times Deutschland) «Ein „Fänger im Roggen» unserer Zeit. » (The Observer)

The Moral Authority of Nature

Author: Lorraine Daston
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226136820
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For thousands of years, people have used nature to justify their political, moral, and social judgments. Such appeals to the moral authority of nature are still very much with us today, as heated debates over genetically modified organisms and human cloning testify. The Moral Authority of Nature offers a wide-ranging account of how people have used nature to think about what counts as good, beautiful, just, or valuable. The eighteen essays cover a diverse array of topics, including the connection of cosmic and human orders in ancient Greece, medieval notions of sexual disorder, early modern contexts for categorizing individuals and judging acts as "against nature," race and the origin of humans, ecological economics, and radical feminism. The essays also range widely in time and place, from archaic Greece to early twentieth-century China, medieval Europe to contemporary America. Scholars from a wide variety of fields will welcome The Moral Authority of Nature, which provides the first sustained historical survey of its topic. Contributors: Danielle Allen, Joan Cadden, Lorraine Daston, Fa-ti Fan, Eckhardt Fuchs, Valentin Groebner, Abigail J. Lustig, Gregg Mitman, Michelle Murphy, Katharine Park, Matt Price, Robert N. Proctor, Helmut Puff, Robert J. Richards, Londa Schiebinger, Laura Slatkin, Julia Adeney Thomas, Fernando Vidal

Letzte Gespr che

Author: Benedikt XVI.
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 3426440520
Format: PDF, ePub
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Erstmals in der Geschichte des Christentums: Ein Papst zieht die Bilanz seiner Amtszeit In den Gesprächen, die Papst Benedikt XVI. mit dem Journalisten Peter Seewald kurz vor und nach seinem Rücktritt geführt hat, blicken sie auf das Pontifikat des deutschen Papstes zurück. Nie zuvor hat Benedikt XVI. so offen über die Hintergründe seiner überraschenden Demission und die Erneuerung des Glaubens als das große Thema seines Pontifikats gesprochen, aber auch über kontroverse Themen seiner Amtszeit, etwa das Verhältnis zu Juden und Muslimen/Islam, Vatileaks oder die Affäre um die Piusbruderschaft. Und nie zuvor hat dieser Papst so persönlich über seinen Zugang zum Glauben, die gegenwärtigen Herausforderungen für das Christentum und die Zukunft der Kirche Auskunft gegeben. Seine Erinnerungen an die Familie, an wichtige Weggefährten und prägende Ereignisse seines Lebens unterstreichen den besonderen Charakter dieses Buches. Nach den Interviewbüchern "Salz der Erde", "Gott und die Welt" und "Licht der Welt", die Benedikt XVI./Joseph Ratzinger und Peter Seewald veröffentlicht haben und die allesamt Bestseller waren, sind die "Letzten Gespräche" das Vermächtnis des deutschen Papstes, einem der bedeutendsten Denker und Theologen unserer Zeit. Er hat acht Jahre lang die Geschicke des Vatikan geleitet und als Pontifex Maximus an der Spitze der katholischen Kirche mit ihren 1,3 Milliarden Mitgliedern bedeutende Wegmarkierungen gesetzt und wichtige Impulse für die Kirche des 3. Jahrtausends gegeben. Über den Bestseller "Licht der Welt" notierte die "Süddeutsche Zeitung": "Seewalds Interviewbuch mit dem Papst ist selbstverständlich eine Sensation: So ausführlich hat noch nie ein Papst Rede und Antwort gestanden" (SZ, 20.12.2010). Benedikt XVI., 1927 als Joseph Ratzinger geboren, war Professor für Theologie, Erzbischof von München und Freising (1977-1982) und Präfekt der Glaubenskongregation (1982-2005), bevor er im Konklave 2005 zum Papst gewählt wurde; 2013 überraschte er die Welt mit seinem Rücktritt. Peter Seewald, Jahrgang 1954, arbeitete als Journalist für den SPIEGEL, den STERN und das Magazin der SÜDDEUTSCHEN ZEITUNG. Er gilt heute als einer der erfolgreichsten religiösen Autoren Deutschlands. Seine bekanntesten Bücher sind neben "Salz der Erde", "Gott und die Welt" und "Licht der Welt" die Werke "Jesus Christus. Die Biografie" und "Gott ohne Volk?" (zus. mit Bischof Stefan Oster).

Hard Boiled Crime Fiction and the Decline of Moral Authority

Author: Susanna Lee
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780814213186
Format: PDF, ePub
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The cynical but kind-hearted detective is the soul of the classic hard-boiled story, that chronicle of world-weary urban pessimism. In Hard-Boiled Crime Fiction and the Decline of Moral Authority, Susanna Lee argues that this fiction functions as a measure for individual responsibility in the modern world and that it demonstrates the enduring status of individual conscience across a variety of cultural crises. In this major rethinking of the hard-boiled genre, Lee suggests that, whether in Los Angeles, New York, or Paris, the hard-boiled detective is the guardian of individual moral authority and the embodiment of ideals in a corrupt environment. Lee traces the history of the hard-boiled detective through the twentieth century and on both sides of the Atlantic (France and the United States), tying the idea of morality to the character model in nuanced, multifaceted ways. When the heroic model devolves, the very conceptual validity of individual moral authority can seem to devolve as well. Hard-Boiled Crime Fiction and the Decline of Moral Authority charts the evolution of that character model of the hard-boiled hero, the mid-century deterioration of his exemplarity, and twenty-first-century endeavors to resuscitate the accountable hero. The history of hard-boiled crime fiction tells nothing less than the story of individual autonomy and accountability in modern Western culture.

Authority and Its Enemies

Author: Thomas Molnar
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412817721
Format: PDF
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Ideological warfare against authority, especially in the world of higher education, broke out in the 1960s, and continues into the 1990s. No source or symbol of authority escaped untouched-neither parents nor teachers nor the cop on the beat. While the hippies have gone underground or disappeared entirely, the assault on legitimate authority continues unabated. As familiar institutions crumble before our eyes, befuddled liberals and conservatives alike throw up their hands in despair. In Authority and Its Enemies, Thomas Molnar asserts that the Western world is reeling from an overdose of freedom without order or authority. "Prof. Molnar's densely written book demands concentration. . . . In the much needed debate over this large, complex problem of authority in family, church, school, and state Prof. Molnar makes a sobering, closely reasoned presentation of a conservative view. That is a contribution." - Edmund Fuller, The Wall Street Journal "Once more Professor Molnar displays the clear-headedness and prescience we have come to expect from him as an analyst of the cultural and political plight of the Western world today." - David Levy, The Alternative: An American Spectator "From the pen of Dr. Thomas Molnar now comes a new and important book on authority in American society. Authority is one of those fundamental realities that we all know perfectly well-until we try to define it and explain it. A brilliant and reliable philosopher, Dr. Molnar has the exceptional ability to do both." -Kenneth Baker. S. J., Homiletic and Pastoral Review

The Tyranny of Opinion

Author: Russell Blackford
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350056022
Format: PDF, Kindle
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We live in an age of ideology, propaganda, and tribalism. Political conformity is enforced from many sides; the insidious social control that John Stuart Mill called "the tyranny of the prevailing opinion and feeling.†? Liberal or left-minded people are often more afraid of each other than of their conservative or right wing opponents. Social media and call-out-culture makes it easier to name, shame, ostracize and harass non-conformists, and destroys careers and lives. How can we oppose this, regaining freedom and our sense of ourselves as individuals? The Tyranny of Opinion identifies the problem, defines its character, and proposes strategies of resistance. Russell Blackford calls for an end to ideological purity policing and for recommitment to the foundational liberal values of individual liberty and spontaneity, free inquiry, diverse opinion, and honest debate.

The Mystery of Metropolisville

Author: Edward Eggleston
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Mystery of Metropolisville centers on a tragic boating accident on "Diamond Lake" in "Metropolisville," which lies near the "Big Gun River" in "Wheat County." The plot is populated with various Western types, such as a seedy land speculator named Mr. Plausaby, his beautiful step-daughter Katy, a college student from back east who falls in love with Katy, Whiskey Jim the stage-coach driver, and a displaced Hoosier poet in a sod cabin.