The Nationalization of Politics

Author: Daniele Caramani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521535205
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This 2004 book describes the transformation of politics from a territorial voting behavior to one of national homogeneity.

Are Politics Local

Author: Scott Morgenstern
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108244505
Format: PDF, Docs
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Are politics local? Why? Where? When? How do we measure local versus national politics? And what are the effects? This book provides answers to these questions, within an explicitly comparative framework, including both advanced and developing democracies. It does so by using a statistically-based and graphical account of party nationalization, providing methodology and data for legislative elections covering scores of parties across dozens of countries. The book divides party nationalization into two dimensions - static and dynamic - to capture different aspects of localism, both with important implications for representation. Static nationalization measures the consistency in a party's support across the country and thus shows whether parties are able to encompass local concerns into their platforms. Dynamic nationalization, in turn, measures the consistency among the districts in over-time change in electoral results, under the presumption that where districts differ in their electoral responses, local factors must drive politics. Each of the two dimensions, in sum, considers representation from the perspective of the mix of national versus local politics.

Wahlsysteme Parteiensysteme und politische Repr sentation in Osteuropa

Author: Guido Tiemann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531903632
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die Debatte um Möglichkeiten und Perspektiven eines Constitutional Engineering, insbesondere im Kontext der Transformationsprozesse in Lateinamerika und Osteuropa neu belebt, hat die Analyse von Wahlsystemen wieder in das Zentrum wissenschaftlicher Aufmerksamkeit gerückt. Es bleibt unklar, ob Wahlsysteme über die heterogenen soziopolitischen Kontexte "alter" und "neuer" Demokratien hinweg robust funktionieren. Guido Tiemann untersucht die politischen Konsequenzen von Wahlsystemen im Kontext des osteuropäischen Systemwechsels. Die Leitfragen dieser Evaluierung betreffen die Effekte von Wahlsystemen auf die Fragmentierung des Parteiensystems und auf die Qualität politischer Repräsentation.

The Europeanization of Politics

Author: Daniele Caramani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316425436
Format: PDF, Docs
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In a broadly comparative, historical and quantitative analysis, this study reveals the unity of European electorates and party systems. Investigating thirty countries in Western and Central-Eastern Europe over 150 years of electoral history, the author shows the existence of common alignments and parallel waves of electoral change across the continent. Europeanization appears through an array of indicators including cross-country deviation measures, uniform swings of votes, the correspondence between national arenas and European Parliament, as well as in the ideological convergence among parties of the same families. Based on a painstaking analysis of a large wealth of data, the study identifies the supra-national, domestic and diffusion factors at the origin of Europeanization. Building on previous work on the nationalization of politics, this new study makes the case for Europeanization in historical and electoral perspective, and points to the role of left-right in structuring the European party system along ideological rather than territorial lines. In the classical tradition of electoral and party literature, this book sheds a new light on Europe's democracy.

Tocqueville Today

Author: Raf Geenens
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230527461
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The essays collected here aim to set up a dialogue between the 'historical' and the 'contemporary' Tocqueville. In what ways does a contextualization of Tocqueville throw new light on his relevance as a political thinker today? How can a focus on his embeddedness in the political culture of the nineteenth century contribute to our understanding of his political thought? Or, conversely, how has the usage of Tocqueville's writings in day-to-day political debate influenced the reception of his work both in the past and today?

Devolution and power in the United Kingdom

Author: Alan Trench
Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr
ISBN:
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Devolution and power in the United Kingdom is concerned with a paradox - why devolution has enabled different approaches to government and policy-making to develop in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland after 1999, while a close examination of the structure of devolution suggests that the UK government retains control over most key aspects of the UK. Presenting original research, this book is the first comprehensive examination of intergovernmental relations in the devolved UK. It also examines how the UK's practices relate to those practised in other decentralised and federal states, and adopts a resource dependency framework to examine the impact of devolution on the territorial distribution of power in the United Kingdom. It explains the paradox of autonomy and control as a form of 'conditional autonomy', which has been possible because of the benign political circumstances that have accompanied devolution's early years - but which may not survive in rougher conditions.