The Nature of Selection

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022630888X
Format: PDF
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The Nature of Selection is a straightforward, self-contained introduction to philosophical and biological problems in evolutionary theory. It presents a powerful analysis of the evolutionary concepts of natural selection, fitness, and adaptation and clarifies controversial issues concerning altruism, group selection, and the idea that organisms are survival machines built for the good of the genes that inhabit them. "Sober's is the answering philosophical voice, the voice of a first-rate philosopher and a knowledgeable student of contemporary evolutionary theory. His book merits broad attention among both communities. It should also inspire others to continue the conversation."-Philip Kitcher, Nature "Elliott Sober has made extraordinarily important contributions to our understanding of biological problems in evolutionary biology and causality. The Nature of Selection is a major contribution to understanding epistemological problems in evolutionary theory. I predict that it will have a long lasting place in the literature."-Richard C. Lewontin

Evidence and Evolution

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139470116
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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How should the concept of evidence be understood? And how does the concept of evidence apply to the controversy about creationism as well as to work in evolutionary biology about natural selection and common ancestry? In this rich and wide-ranging book, Elliott Sober investigates general questions about probability and evidence and shows how the answers he develops to those questions apply to the specifics of evolutionary biology. Drawing on a set of fascinating examples, he analyzes whether claims about intelligent design are untestable; whether they are discredited by the fact that many adaptations are imperfect; how evidence bears on whether present species trace back to common ancestors; how hypotheses about natural selection can be tested, and many other issues. His book will interest all readers who want to understand philosophical questions about evidence and evolution, as they arise both in Darwin's work and in contemporary biological research.

Philosophy of Biology

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ”special” sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.

Adaptationism and Optimality

Author: Steven Hecht Orzack
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521598361
Format: PDF, Kindle
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These essays are intended to provide useful advice to "biologists in the trenches" but also to assess the larger theoretical and conceptual issues that form the basis of the current controversy." "This volume will serve to substantially advance the debate over adaptationism. It will be of interest to biologists, philosophers and historians of biology, anthropologists, psychologists, and cognitive scientists."--BOOK JACKET.

From a Biological Point of View

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521477536
Format: PDF, Docs
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This new collection of essays will appeal to a readership that extends well beyond the frontiers of the philosophy of science. Sober shows how ideas in evolutionary biology bear in significant ways on traditional problems in philosophy of mind and language, epistemology, and metaphysics. Among the topics addressed are psychological egoism, solipsism, and the interpretation of belief and utterance, empiricism, Ockham's razor, causality, essentialism, and scientific laws.

Das egoistische Gen

Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Format: PDF, Kindle
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Die Architektur der Synthese

Author: Marcel Weber
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110158939
Format: PDF, ePub
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Aus dem Inhalt: I:Die Evolutionare Synthese. 1.EInleitung Teil I. 2.GRadualismus versus Saltationismus, 1859-1903. 3.DIe klasasische Theorie des Gens, 1900-1936. 4.OKolopgische Genetik, 1915-1936. 5.DIe Synthese und ihre Schwierigkeiten, 1937-1942. 6.KUrtze Geschichte der Selektionstheorie, 1859 bis Heute. II: Die Einheit der Evolutionstheorie. 7.EInleitung Teil II. 8.FItness und die Struktur derSelektionstheorie. 9.REduktion. 10.SUpervenienz und Fitness. 11.MIkroreduktive adaptive Erklarungen. 12.ADaptive Erklarungen und die Populationsgenetik. Epilog:Reduktionismus und Materialismus in der Biologie.

Die soziale Eroberung der Erde

Author: Edward O. Wilson
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406645313
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton

Core Questions in Philosophy

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780205861156
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a CourseID, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products. Packages Access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included when purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson; check with the seller before completing your purchase. Used or rental books If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code. Access codes Access codes that are purchased from sellers other than Pearson carry a higher risk of being either the wrong ISBN or a previously redeemed code. Check with the seller prior to purchase. -- Applying philosophy to everyday life. Core Questions in Philosophy emphasizes the idea that philosophy is a subject de­voted to evaluating arguments and constructing theories. Presented in an engaging lecture-style format, this text/reader focuses on the basic issues and ideas in philosophy with lectures/discussions, supported by readings from historically important sources. Discussions emphasize the logic of philosophical arguments and how they relate to the content of modern physical and social sciences. Teaching & Learning Experience The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to: Personalize Learning -- MySearchLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking -- Review questions at the end of each chapter allow students to review what they've just learned and think critically about related problems. Engage Students -- Following a lecture format, the text portion is written in an engaging conversational tone. Explore Theory -- Emphasis on evaluating arguments and constructing theories. Support Instructors -- An instructor's manual, test bank, MyTest Test Bank, and PowerPoint presentation provide more teaching resources. MySearchLab w/ etext has topic-specific assessment, flashcards, and chapter exams offer and report directly to your grade book. 0205861156 / 9780205861156 Core Questions in Philosophy: A Text with Readings Plus MySearchLab with eText -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0205206697 / 9780205206698 Core Questions in Philosophy: A Text with Readings 0205239927 / 9780205239924 MySearchLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card

Die Entwicklung der biologischen Gedankenwelt

Author: Ernst Mayr
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540132592
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Evolutionsbiologen dieses Jahrhunderts, sondern auch ein groAer Philosoph, Biologiehistoriker und auAergewAhnlicher Schriftsteller ist. Kein anderes Buch erzAhlt so klar und kritisch die Evolution der Ideen, die zur modernen Biologie fA1/4hrten." ("NobelpreistrAger FranAois Jacob")