The New Unconscious

Author: Ran R. Hassin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195149955
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This collection of 20 original chapters by leading researchers examines the cognitive unconscious from social, cognitive, and neuroscientific viewpoints, presenting some of the most important developments at the heart of this new picture of the unconscious.

Vom Sinn des Lebens

Author: Manfred Spitzer
Publisher: Schattauer Verlag
ISBN: 9783794525638
Format: PDF
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Einerseits stellen wir die Frage nach dem Sinn des Lebens im Alltag eher selten. Andererseits gibt es wohl niemanden, der sie sich noch nicht gestellt hat. Ein Lebensbereich scheint nun für die Antwort von vorne herein überhaupt nicht zu taugen, weil es in diesem Bereich nicht um Sinn, sondern um Daten geht: die Wissenschaft. Dort ist die Sinnfrage ausgeklammert - könnte man meinen. Aber: Wissenschaftler sind neugierig. Keineswegs zählen und messen sie nur, nein, sie denken auch nach! Und ihre Aktivität führt zu Änderungen unserer Sicht auf uns und die Welt: Die Physik Einsteins hat unser Verständnis des gesamten Universums geändert - Raum und Zeit sind nicht feste Größen, sondern relativ zur Lichtgeschwindigkeit (und diese ist fest). Die Evolutionstheorie Darwinsund ihre Verschmelzung mit der Molekularbiologie (mitsamt den dazu gehörenden mathematischen Methoden) lässt uns alles Lebendige in neuem Licht erscheinen. Und durch die Gehirnforschung ändert sich unser Verständnis von uns selbst. Neue Erkenntnisse provozieren das Nachdenken über Wahrnehmen und Denken ebenso wie über Gefühle, Risiken, Entscheidungen, den freien Willen und die Grundlagen unseres Zusammenlebens: Vertrauen und Empathie, Solidarität und Selbstbestimmung, Hilfsbereitschaft und Schadenfreude, Glaube und Glück. Es gibt sehr vieles zur Kenntnis zu nehmen, zu interpretieren, in Beziehung zu setzen, mental "zu verdauen". Die Aufgabe, ein neues Menschenbild zu entwickeln, erscheint übergroß. Und wäre man fertig, dann wäre ja schon wieder so viel Neues entdeckt. Es kann also derzeit, und vielleicht sogar grundsätzlich, keine einheitliche Sicht geben, und damit letztlich auch nicht den "Sinn" im Sinne des Buchtitels. Was es aber gibt, sind Gedanken und Wege. In diesem Buch zeigt Manfred Spitzer solche Wege auf. Wer sie mit ihm gehen mag, so seine Hoffnung, kommt ein Stück weiter. Vielleicht sogar in die richtige Richtung.

Handbook of Implicit Social Cognition

Author: Bertram Gawronski
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606236741
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Virtually every question in social psychology is currently being shaped by the concepts and methods of implicit social cognition. This tightly edited volume provides the first comprehensive overview of the field. Foremost authorities synthesize the latest findings on how automatic, implicit, and unconscious cognitive processes influence social judgments and behavior. Cutting-edge theories and data are presented in such crucial areas as attitudes, prejudice and stereotyping, self-esteem, self-concepts, close relationships, and morality. Describing state-of-the-art measurement procedures and research designs, the book discusses promising applications in clinical, forensic, and other real-world contexts. Each chapter both sums up what is known and identifies key directions for future research.

Social Physics

Author: Alex Pentland
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101625570
Format: PDF, Docs
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From one of the world’s leading data scientists, a landmark tour of the new science of idea flow, offering revolutionary insights into the mysteries of collective intelligence and social influence If the Big Data revolution has a presiding genius, it is MIT’s Alex “Sandy” Pentland. Over years of groundbreaking experiments, he has distilled remarkable discoveries significant enough to become the bedrock of a whole new scientific field: social physics. Humans have more in common with bees than we like to admit: We’re social creatures first and foremost. Our most important habits of action—and most basic notions of common sense—are wired into us through our coordination in social groups. Social physics is about idea flow, the way human social networks spread ideas and transform those ideas into behaviors. Thanks to the millions of digital bread crumbs people leave behind via smartphones, GPS devices, and the Internet, the amount of new information we have about human activity is truly profound. Until now, sociologists have depended on limited data sets and surveys that tell us how people say they think and behave, rather than what they actually do. As a result, we’ve been stuck with the same stale social structures—classes, markets—and a focus on individual actors, data snapshots, and steady states. Pentland shows that, in fact, humans respond much more powerfully to social incentives that involve rewarding others and strengthening the ties that bind than incentives that involve only their own economic self-interest. Pentland and his teams have found that they can study patterns of information exchange in a social network without any knowledge of the actual content of the information and predict with stunning accuracy how productive and effective that network is, whether it’s a business or an entire city. We can maximize a group’s collective intelligence to improve performance and use social incentives to create new organizations and guide them through disruptive change in a way that maximizes the good. At every level of interaction, from small groups to large cities, social networks can be tuned to increase exploration and engagement, thus vastly improving idea flow. Social Physics will change the way we think about how we learn and how our social groups work—and can be made to work better, at every level of society. Pentland leads readers to the edge of the most important revolution in the study of social behavior in a generation, an entirely new way to look at life itself. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Social Cognition

Author: Fritz Strack
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136874178
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume provides comprehensive coverage of social cognition from worldwide leaders in the field, whose chapters combine an overview of seminal research with the state-of-the-art in this central topic in social psychology.

Social Neuroscience

Author: Gary G. Berntson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135112096
Format: PDF, Docs
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Neuroscientists and cognitive scientists have collaborated for more than a decade with the common goal of understanding how the mind works. These collaborations have helped unravel puzzles of the mind including aspects of perception, imagery, attention and memory. Many aspects of the mind, however, require a more comprehensive approach to reveal the mystery of mind-brain connections. Attraction, altruism, speech recognition, affiliation, attachment, attitudes, identification, kin recognition, cooperation, competition, empathy, sexuality, communication, dominance, persuasion, obedience, morality, contagion, nurturance, violence, and person memory are just a few. Through classic and contemporary articles and reviews, Social Neuroscience illustrates the complementary nature of social, cognitive, and biological levels of analysis and how research integrating these levels can foster more comprehensive theories of the mechanisms underlying complex behaviour and the mind.

Cognition Brain and Consciousness

Author: Bernard J. Baars
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123814401
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness, Second Edition, provides students and readers with an overview of the study of the human brain and its cognitive development. It discusses brain molecules and their primary function, which is to help carry brain signals to and from the different parts of the human body. These molecules are also essential for understanding language, learning, perception, thinking, and other cognitive functions of our brain. The book also presents the tools that can be used to view the human brain through brain imaging or recording. New to this edition are Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience text boxes, each one focusing on a leading researcher and their topic of expertise. There is a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition; all other chapters have been thoroughly revised, based on the most recent discoveries. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in Psychology, Neuroscience, and related disciplines in which cognitive neuroscience is taught. New edition of a very successful textbook Completely revised to reflect new advances, and feedback from adopters and students Includes a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition Student Solutions available at http://www.baars-gage.com/ For Teachers: Rapid adoption and course preparation: A wide array of instructor support materials are available online including PowerPoint lecture slides, a test bank with answers, and eFlashcords on key concepts for each chapter. A textbook with an easy-to-understand thematic approach: in a way that is clear for students from a variety of academic backgrounds, the text introduces concepts such as working memory, selective attention, and social cognition. A step-by-step guide for introducing students to brain anatomy: color graphics have been carefully selected to illustrate all points and the research explained. Beautifully clear artist's drawings are used to 'build a brain' from top to bottom, simplifying the layout of the brain. For students: An easy-to-read, complete introduction to mind-brain science: all chapters begin from mind-brain functions and build a coherent picture of their brain basis. A single, widely accepted functional framework is used to capture the major phenomena. Learning Aids include a student support site with study guides and exercises, a new Mini-Atlas of the Brain and a full Glossary of technical terms and their definitions. Richly illustrated with hundreds of carefully selected color graphics to enhance understanding.

Exploring Implicit Cognition Learning Memory and Social Cognitive Processes

Author: Jin, Zheng
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466666005
Format: PDF
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While widely studied, the capacity of the human mind remains largely unexplored. As such, researchers are continually seeking ways to understand the brain, its function, and its impact on human behavior. Exploring Implicit Cognition: Learning, Memory, and Social Cognitive Processes explores research surrounding the ways in which an individual’s unconscious is able to influence and impact that person’s behavior without their awareness. Focusing on topics pertaining to social cognition and the unconscious process, this title is ideal for use by students, researchers, psychologists, and academicians interested in the latest insights into implicit cognition.