The New Visual Neurosciences

Author: John Simon Werner
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262019163
Format: PDF, Docs
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Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to allother areas. This essential reference to contemporary visual neuroscience covers the extraordinaryrange of the field today, from molecules and cell assemblies to systems and therapies. It provides astate-of-the art companion to the earlier book The Visual Neurosciences (MITPress, 2003). This volume covers the dramatic advances made in the last decade, offering new topics,new authors, and new chapters. The New Visual Neurosciencesassembles groundbreaking research, written by international authorities. Many of the 112chapters treat seminal topics not included in the earlier book. These new topics include retinalfeature detection; cortical connectomics; new approaches to mid-level vision and spatiotemporalperception; the latest understanding of how multimodal integration contributes to visual perception;new theoretical work on the role of neural oscillations in information processing; and new molecularand genetic techniques for understanding visual system development. An entirely new section coversinvertebrate vision, reflecting the importance of this research in understanding fundamentalprinciples of visual processing. Another new section treats translational visual neuroscience,covering recent progress in novel treatment modalities for optic nerve disorders, maculardegeneration, and retinal cell replacement. The New Visual Neurosciences is anindispensable reference for students, teachers, researchers, clinicians, and anyone interested incontemporary neuroscience. Associate EditorsMarie Burns, JoyGeng, Mark Goldman, James Handa, Andrew Ishida, George R. Mangun, Kimberley McAllister, BrunoOlshausen, Gregg Recanzone, Mandyam Srinivasan, W.Martin Usrey, Michael Webster, DavidWhitney SectionsRetinal Mechanisms and ProcessesOrganization ofVisual PathwaysSubcortical ProcessingProcessing in Primary Visual CortexBrightness and ColorPattern,Surface, and ShapeObjects and ScenesTime, Motion, and DepthEye MovementsCortical Mechanisms ofAttention, Cognition, and Multimodal IntegrationInvertebrate VisionTheoretical PerspectivesMolecularand Developmental ProcessesTranslational Visual Neuroscience

The Evolution of Memory Systems

Author: Elisabeth Murray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191509957
Format: PDF, ePub
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Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular times and places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways-using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on the evolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations of themselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Sensation Perception and Attention

Author: John T. Wixted
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119170044
Format: PDF, Mobi
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II. Sensation, Perception & Attention: John Serences (Volume Editor) (Topics covered include taste; visual object recognition; touch; depth perception; motor control; perceptual learning; the interface theory of perception; vestibular, proprioceptive, and haptic contributions to spatial orientation; olfaction; audition; time perception; attention; perception and interactive technology; music perception; multisensory integration; motion perception; vision; perceptual rhythms; perceptual organization; color vision; perception for action; visual search; visual cognition/working memory.)

Cognitive Psychology Connecting Mind Research and Everyday Experience

Author: E. Bruce Goldstein
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305176995
Format: PDF, ePub
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Connecting the study of cognition to everyday life in an unprecedented way, E. Bruce Goldstein's COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: CONNECTING MIND, RESEARCH, AND EVERYDAY EXPERIENCE gives equal treatment to both the landmark studies and the cutting-edge research that define this fascinating field. A wealth of concrete examples and illustrations help students understand the theories of cognition-driving home both the scientific importance of the theories and their relevance to students' daily lives. Goldstein's accessible narrative style blends with an art program that makes difficult concepts understandable. Students gain a true understanding of the “behind the scenes” activity that happens in the mind when humans do such seemingly simple activities as perceive, remember, or think. Goldstein also focuses on the behavioral and physiological approaches to cognition by including physiological materials in every chapter. As is typical of his work, this fourth edition is a major revision that reflects the most current aspects of the field. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Goldman and His Critics

Author: Brian P. McLaughlin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470673672
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Goldman and His Critics presents a series of original essays contributed by influential philosophers who critically examine Alvin Goldman’s work, followed by Goldman’s responses to each essay. Critiques Alvin Goldman’s groundbreaking theories, writings, and ideas on a range of philosophical topics Features contributions from some of the most important and influential contemporary philosophers Covers Goldman’s views on epistemology—both individual and social—in addition to cognitive science and metaphysics Pays special attention to Goldman’s writings on philosophy of mind, including the evolution of his thoughts on Simulation-Theory (ST)

New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research

Author: Pier Francesco Ferrari
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199686157
Format: PDF, Docs
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The discovery of mirror neurons caused a revolution in neuroscience and psychology. Nevertheless, because of their profound impact within life sciences, mirror neuron are still the subject of numerous debates concerning their origins and their functions. With more than 20 years of research in this area, it is timely to synthesise the expanding literature on this topic. New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons provides a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in mirror neurons research - accessible both to experts and to non-experts. In the book, leading scholars draw on the latest research to examine methodological approaches, theoretical implications, and the latest findings on mirror neurons research. A broad range of topics are covered within the book: basic findings and new concepts in action-perception theory, functional properties and evolution, development, and clinical implications. In particular, the last two sections of the book outline the importance of the plasticity and development of the mirror neuron system. This knowledge will be key in future research for helping us understand possible disorders associated with impairments in the mirror neurons system, as well as in helping us design new therapeutic tools for interventions within the field of neurodevelopmental disorders and in neurorehabilitation. New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons is an exciting new work for neuroscientists, psychologists, and philosophers of mind.

Understanding Vision

Author: Li Zhaoping
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191008311
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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While the field of vision science has grown significantly in the past three decades, there have been few comprehensive books that showed readers how to adopt a computional approach to understanding visual perception, along with the underlying mechanisms in the brain. Understanding Vision explains the computational principles and models of biological visual processing, and in particular, of primate vision. The book is written in such a way that vision scientists, unfamiliar with mathematical details, should be able to conceptually follow the theoretical principles and their relationship with physiological, anatomical, and psychological observations, without going through the more mathematical pages. For those with a physical science background, especially those from machine vision, this book serves as an analytical introduction to biological vision. It can be used as a textbook or a reference book in a vision course, or a computational neuroscience course for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students. It is also suitable for self-learning by motivated readers. in addition, for those with a focused interest in just one of the topics in the book, it is feasible to read just the chapter on this topic without having read or fully comprehended the other chapters. In particular, Chapter 2 presents a brief overview of experimental observations on biological vision; Chapter 3 is on encoding of visual inputs, Chapter 5 is on visual attentional selection driven by sensory inputs, and Chapter 6 is on visual perception or decoding. Including many examples that clearly illustrate the application of computational principles to experimental observations, Understanding Vision is valuable for students and researchers in computational neuroscience, vision science, machine and computer vision, as well as physicists interested in visual processes.

Current Controversies in Perinatology An Issue of Clinics in Perinatology

Author: Robert H. Lane
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323326730
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Neonatal-perinatal medicine has a strong history of evidence based practice but unfortunately there remain many areas of uncertainty and unproven hypotheses and treatments that may harm our highly vulnerable patients. When new ideas are introduced into the labor and delivery room or the NICU we have to evaluate these procedures and therapies before they become accepted as standards of care. We need to learn from the past lessons of grey baby syndrome and chloramphenicol and of kernicterus and sulfonamide antibiotics where therapeutic good intentions actually did more harm than good and increased the mortality rate of premature babies in the NICU.This proposed edition addresses a broad range of current topics in perinatal neonatal practice. The AAP has just issued new guidelines for the approach to a neonate exposed to maternal genital herpes virus infection. The recommendations were not evidence based and are highly controversial as well as confusing. These topics are addressed in a scholarly and objective manner to both address the controversy and help the practitioner make informed decisions.