The New Warfare

Author: J. Martin Rochester
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317276434
Format: PDF
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This book looks at the evolving relationship between war and international law, examining the complex practical and legal dilemmas posed by the changing nature of war in the contemporary world, whether the traditional rules governing the onset and conduct of hostilities apply anymore, and how they might be adapted to new realities. War, always messy, has become even messier today, with the blurring of interstate, intrastate, and extrastate violence. How can the United States and other countries be expected to fight honourably and observe the existing norms when they often are up against an adversary who recognizes no such obligations? Indeed, how do we even know whether an "armed conflict" is underway when modern wars tend to lack neat beginnings and endings and seem geographically indeterminate, as well? What is the legality of anticipatory self-defense, humanitarian intervention, targeted killings, drones, detention of captured prisoners without POW status, and other controversial practices? These questions are explored through a review of the United Nations Charter, Geneva Conventions, and other regimes and how they have operated in recent conflicts. Through a series of case studies, including the U.S. war on terror and the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Gaza, Kosovo, and Congo, the author illustrates the challenges we face today in the ongoing effort to reduce war and, when it occurs, to make it more humane.

International Relations as Negotiation

Author: Brian R Urlacher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131725743X
Format: PDF
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Negotiations are central to the operation of the international system, found at the heart of every conflict and every act of cooperation. Negotiation is the primary vehicle that states use to manage conflict and build prosperity in a complicated and dangerous international system. International Relations as Negotiation provides an overview of world politics that is both approachable and detailed. It explores the factors that help or undermine efforts to negotiate solutions to international problems. Key topics including international conflict and security, the global economy, international law and governance, and environmental sustainability are explored in turn. The history of the international system is traced through major treaty agreements and peace conferences, and the future of the international system is projected. The result is a survey of world politics that provides a seamless narrative about conflict and cooperation in the international system.

Global Democracy and the World Social Forums

Author: Jackie Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317264843
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The World Social Forum quickly became the largest political gathering in human history and continues to offer a direct challenge to the extreme inequities of corporate-led globalisation. It has expanded its presence and continues to be an exciting experiment in global and participatory democracy. The book's contributors have participated in World Social Forums around the globe. Recounting dozens of dramatic firsthand experiences, they draw on their knowledge of global politics to introduce the process, its foundations and relevance to ongoing transnational efforts toward democracy. This second edition of Global Democracy shows how the Forums have developed since their inception in 2001 and how they are now connected with other global movements including Occupy, the Arab Spring and beyond.

Violence Against Women and the Law

Author: David L Richards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317249607
Format: PDF
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This book examines the strength of laws addressing four types of violence against women--rape, marital rape, domestic violence, and sexual harassment--in 196 countries from 2007 to 2010. It analyzes why these laws exist in some places and not others, and why they are stronger or weaker in places where they do exist. The authors have compiled original data that allow them to test various hypotheses related to whether international law drives the enactment of domestic legal protections. They also examine the ways in which these legal protections are related to economic, political, and social institutions, and how transnational society affects the presence and strength of these laws. The original data produced for this book make a major contribution to comparisons and analyses of gender violence and law worldwide.

Crimes of War

Author: Roy Gutman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393328462
Format: PDF
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An A-to-Z guidebook of wartime atrocities details the nature of war crimes and the international laws that define them, and contains entries on recent conflicts and miscellaneous subjects related to terrorism and war.

Do the Geneva Conventions Matter

Author: Matthew Evangelista
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199379785
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Geneva Conventions are the best-known and longest-established laws governing warfare, but what difference do they make to how states engage in armed conflict? Since the start of the "War on Terror" with 9/11, these protocols have increasingly been incorporated into public discussion. We have entered an era where contemporary wars often involve terrorism and guerrilla tactics, but how have the rules that were designed for more conventional forms of interstate violence adjusted? Do the Geneva Conventions Matter? provides a rich, comparative analysis of the laws that govern warfare and a more specific investigation relating to state practice. Matthew Evangelista and Nina Tannenwald convey the extent and conditions that symbolic or "ritual" compliance translates into actual compliance on the battlefield by looking at important studies across history. To name a few, they navigate through the Algerian War for independence from France in the 1950s and 1960s; the US wars in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan; Iranian and Israeli approaches to the laws of war; and the legal obligations of private security firms and peacekeeping forces. Thoroughly researched, this work adds to the law and society literature in sociology, the constructivist literature in international relations, and legal scholarship on "internalization." Do the Geneva Conventions Matter? gives insight into how the Geneva regime has constrained guerrilla warfare and terrorism and the factors that affect protect human rights in wartime.

Nuclear Coexistence

Author: William C. Martel
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788146633
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This study seeks to address the emerging incongruence between the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the U.S. policy for managing this process. American society and its political leadership must accept the need to adapt its policy to the rapidly-changing circumstances in nuclear proliferation. Contents: proliferation in the emerging international order; nuclear proliferation incentives and disincentives; emerging nuclear states: thinking through issues and options (Ukraine, Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, and non-state actors); rethinking U.S. proliferation policy for the future; recommendations.

Cybersecurity

Author: Peter W. Singer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199918112
Format: PDF, ePub
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An authoritative, single-volume introduction to cybersecurity addresses topics ranging from phishing and electrical-grid takedowns to cybercrime and online freedom, sharing illustrative anecdotes to explain how cyberspace security works and what everyday people can do to protect themselves. Simultaneous.

Encyclical on Climate Change Inequality

Author: Francis I
Publisher: Melville House
ISBN: 1612195288
Format: PDF, ePub
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With an exclusive introduction by the acclaimed Harvard historian Naomi Oreskes, this is the complete text of the landmark encyclical letter by Pope Francis that has 'rocked the international community' (Time). The only secular edition of the Pope's remarks, the Encyclical on Climate Change and Inequality is an essential document of our times - as significant a contribution to the movement for environmental justice and human rights as Rachel Carson's Silent Spring was 55 years ago.

Policing The New World Disorder

Author: Robert B. Oakley
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788181149
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the post-Cold War era anarchic conditions within sovereign states have repeatedly posed serious and intractable challenges to the international order. Nations have been called upon to conduct peace operations in response to dysfunctional or disintegrating states (such as Somalia, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia). Among the more vigorous therapies for this kind of disorder is revitalizing local public security institutions --the police, judiciary, and penal system. This volume presents insights into the process of restoring public security gleaned from a wide range of practitioners and academic specialists.