2010 Non Proliferation Treaty NPT Review Conference

Author: Paul K. Kerr
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437933211
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: (1) Intro.: Overview of the NPT; (2) Past NPT Review Conf.: 1995, 2000, 2005; (3) Issues for the 2010 Conf.: Disarmament: New U.S.-Russian START Agreement; U.S. Nuclear Posture Review, Negative Security Assurances; Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty; Fissile Material Cut-Off Negotiations; Non-proliferation and Compliance: Safeguards; Non-compliance; NPT Withdrawal; Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones; Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy; Future of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Universality of the Treaty; WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East; (4) Possible Outcomes and Potential Impact; (5) Legislation in the 111th Cong. Append.: (A) Text of the NPT; (B) Resolution on the Middle East (1995); ( C) 13 Practical Steps (2000). Illus.

Interpreting the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty

Author: Daniel H. Joyner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648787
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The 1968 Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty has proven the most complicated and controversial of all arms control treaties, both in principle and in practice. Statements of nuclear-weapon States from the Cold War to the present, led by the United States, show a disproportionate prioritization of the non-proliferation pillar of the Treaty, and an unwarranted underprioritization of the civilian energy development and disarmament pillars of the treaty. This book argues that the way in which nuclear-weapon States have interpreted the Treaty has laid the legal foundation for a number of policies related to trade in civilian nuclear energy technologies and nuclear weapons disarmament. These policies circumscribe the rights of non-nuclear-weapon States under Article IV of the Treaty by imposing conditions on the supply of civilian nuclear technologies. They also provide for the renewal and maintaintenance, and in some cases further development of the nuclear weapons arsenals of nuclear-weapon States. The book provides a legal analysis of this trend in treaty interpretation by nuclear-weapon States and the policies for which it has provided legal justification. It argues, through a close and systematic examination of the Treaty by reference to the rules of treaty interpretation found in the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, that this disproportionate prioritization of the non-proliferation pillar of the Treaty leads to erroneous legal interpretations in light of the original balance of principles underlying the Treaty, prejudicing the legitimate legal interests of non-nuclear-weapon States.

The Nuclear Non proliferation Treaty

Author: Ian Bellany
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135173184
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This study looks at the interpretations and effects of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and offers readings of its possible future effects.

Negotiating the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty

Author: Roland Popp
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315536560
Format: PDF
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This volume offers a critical historical assessment of the negotiation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and of the origins of the nonproliferation regime. The NPT has been signed by 190 states and was indefinitely extended in 1995, rendering it the most successful arms control treaty in history. Nevertheless, little is known about the motivations and strategic calculi of the various middle and small powers in regard to their ultimate decision to join the treaty despite its discriminatory nature. While the NPT continues to be central to current nonproliferation efforts, its underlying mechanisms remain under-researched. Based on newly declassified archival sources and using previously inaccessible evidence, the contributions in this volume examine the underlying rationales of the specific positions taken by various states during the NPT negotiations. Starting from a critical appraisal of our current knowledge of the genesis of the nonproliferation regime, contributors from diverse national and disciplinary backgrounds focus on both European and non-European states in order to enrich our understanding of how the global nuclear order came into being. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, Cold War history, security studies and IR.

Die Entwicklung und der gegenw rtige Status des Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty

Author: Sebastian Meyer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638455009
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit, Note: 2,0, Universität Regensburg (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), 37 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Massenvernichtungswaffen sind bereits seit der Entwicklung von biologischen und chemischen Kampfstoffen und ihrem massiven Einsatz im Ersten Weltkrieg ein bedeutender Gegenstand der internationalen Sicherheitspolitik. Nach der Entwicklung von Nuklearwaffen am Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges wuchs das Interesse nahezu aller Staaten an dieser Waffengattung aufgrund ihrer immensen Zerstörungskraft erheblich. Dieser Entwicklung folgend wuchs auf der anderen Seite auch das Interesse an der Nichtverbreitung dieser Waffen. Im Jahre 1970 trat daraufhin das internationale Nichtverbreitungsregime in Kraft, dessen Zentrum der Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) bildet. Allerdings ist die Problematik der Verbreitung von Massenvernichtungswaffen erst in den letzten Jahren wieder näher ins Rampenlicht der internationalen Sicherheitspolitik gerückt. Sowohl die Terroranschläge in Washington D.C. und New York am 11. September 2001 als auch das derzeitige Streben einiger Staaten nach Atomwaffen haben der breiten Öffentlichkeit das massive Bedrohungspotential nuklearer W affen vor Augen geführt. Die Angst vor Terroranschlägen mit Weapons of Mass Destruction(WMD) und auch die Möglichkeit, dass so genannte rouge states oder states of concern WMD erwerben könnten, ließen die USA einen „Paradigmenwechsel“1in ihrer Non-Proliferationsstrategie vollziehen. Vor dem Hintergrund dieses Paradigmenwechsels und einer sich wandelnden sicherheitspolitischen Lage wird in dieser Arbeit der NPT einer kritischen Überprüfung unterzogen und die Frage untersucht: Wie lässt sich der Bedeutungsverlust des Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in der U.S.-amerikanischen Sicherheitsstrategie erklären und hat der NPT noch eine Zukunft? Diese Arbeit gliedert sich in die folgenden drei Abschnitte: Der zweite Abschnitt gibt einen Einblick in die Theorie des Neorealismus und bietet eine Zusammenfassung der wichtigsten neorealistischen Annahmen zu der Beschaffenheit der internationalen Beziehungen. Bei der Bearbeitung dieses Abschnittes findet besonders das Werk Theory of International Politics von Kenneth Waltz Berücksichtigung.

Nuclear Non Proliferation

Author: Michael P. Fry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642751059
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume appears at a time when the prospects for banishing the threat of nuclear annihilation are brighter than at any time since the first atomic device exploded over the desert at Alamogordo. The last few years have seen an ex traordinary change in the climate of East-West relations. The programme of political and economic reform which President Gorbachev initiated in the Soviet Union and which is now spreading throughout most of Eastern Europe has been parallelled by serious efforts to reach agreement on measures for conventional and nuclear disarmament. This has led to new hope that international peace and security can at last be built upon the firm foundation of justice, respect for in ternational law and a determination to approach problems in a spirit of genuine co-operation rather than one of distrust and confrontation. This new climate encourages us in the belief that the obvious common sense of preventing the further spread of nuclear weapons will come to be shared by all nations. At the same time, we have to recognize two very disturbing facts, which imply that there can be no slackening of our efforts to strengthen the non-proliferation regime.