The Origins of Criminology

Author: Nicole H. Rafter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 020386994X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The Origins of Criminology: A Reader is a collection of nineteenth-century texts from the key originators of the practice of criminology – selected, introduced, and with commentaries by the leading scholar in this area, Nicole Rafter. This book presents criminology as a unique field of study that took root in a context in which urbanization, immigration, and industrialization changed the class structure of Western nations. As relatively homogenous communities became more sharply divided and aware of a bottom-most group, the 'dangerous classes', a new segment of the middle class emerged: professionals involved in the work of social control. Tracing the intellectual origins of criminology to physiognomy, phrenology, and evolutionary theories, this book demonstrates criminology's background in new attitudes toward science and the development of scientific methodologies applicable to social and mental phenomena. Through an expert selection of original texts, it traces the emergence of ‘criminology’ as a new field purporting to produce scientific knowledge about crime and criminals.

The Origins of Criminology

Author: Nicole H. Rafter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135198535
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The Origins of Criminology: A Reader is a collection of nineteenth-century texts from the key originators of the practice of criminology – selected, introduced, and with commentaries by the leading scholar in this area, Nicole Rafter. This book presents criminology as a unique field of study that took root in a context in which urbanization, immigration, and industrialization changed the class structure of Western nations. As relatively homogenous communities became more sharply divided and aware of a bottom-most group, the 'dangerous classes', a new segment of the middle class emerged: professionals involved in the work of social control. Tracing the intellectual origins of criminology to physiognomy, phrenology, and evolutionary theories, this book demonstrates criminology's background in new attitudes toward science and the development of scientific methodologies applicable to social and mental phenomena. Through an expert selection of original texts, it traces the emergence of ‘criminology’ as a new field purporting to produce scientific knowledge about crime and criminals.

Criminology

Author: Yvonne Jewkes
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761947110
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This reader provides a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. The editors indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives.

The Origins of American Criminology

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412814677
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The essays contained in this book capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives and preserves information from the generation that defined the field for the past decades that otherwise would have been lost. This history shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Its ideas were not driven primarily by data, nor were the theories invented solely as part of the scientific process. To the contrary, American criminology's great theories most often preceded the collection of data; they guided and produced empirical inquiry, not vice versa. This volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible in that diverse experiences allow individual scholars to see the world differently, and thus shape theoretical paradigms based on their own unique life stories.

Criminological Perspectives

Author: John Muncie
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: 9780761950028
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This comprehensive collection of original readings is designed to reflect and re-present the numerous and diverse lines of theoretical enquiry that constitute criminology. This volume consists of an accessible set of classic and contemporary readings that introduce students to the eclectic nature of `criminological knowledge'. In particular it focuses on: the origins of criminology; criminology's historic and continuing concern to discover the causes of crime; processes of criminalization and why it is that only certain harmful behaviours seem to be subject to criminal sanction; competing rationales for systems of crime control - from deterrence, just deserts and rehabilitation to crime prevention; issues of social control

The Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Alex R. Piquero
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118512324
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
An indispensable resource for all levels, this handbook provides up-to-date, in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology. Provides original, cutting-edge, and in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology Covers the origins and assumptions behind each theory, explores current debates and research, points out knowledge gaps, and offers directions for future research Encompasses theory, research, policy, and practice, with recommendations for further reading at the end of each essay Features discussions of broad issues and topics related to the field, such as the correlates of crime, testing theory, policy, and prediction Clearly and accessibly written by leading scholars in the field as well as up-and-coming scholars

The Essential Criminology Reader

Author: Stuart Henry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429976224
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Initially designed to accompany Mark Lanier and Stuart Henry's best-selling Essential Criminology textbook, this new reader is an up-to-date companion text perfect for all students of introductory criminology and criminological theory courses. The Essential Criminology Reader contains 30 original articles on current developments in criminological theory. Commissioned specifically for The Reader, these short essays were written by leading scholars in the field. Each chapter complements one of 13 different theoretical perspectives covered in Lanier and Henry's Essential Criminology text and contains between two and three articles from leading theorists on each perspective. Each chapter of The Reader features: a brief summary of the main ideas of the theory the ways the author's theory has been misinterpreted/distorted criticisms by others of the theory and how the author has responded a summary of the balance of the empirical findings the latest developments in their theoretical position policy implications/practice of their theory

Advances in Criminological Theory Volume 2

Author: William S. Laufer
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412816489
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Criminology has developed strong methodological tools over the past decades, establishing itself as a competitive and sophisticated social science. Despite and perhaps because of its emphasis on research design, methodology, and quantitative analysis, criminology has had few significant advances in theory. This is the first publication exclusively dedicated to the dissemination of original work on criminological theory. It encourages theory construction and validation in existing criminological publications, as well as furthering the free exchange of ideas, propositions, and postulates. This volume is dedicated to a pioneer in criminology, Donald Cressey, and is especially noteworthy for its comparative and international dimension. Contents: G.O.W. Mueller, "Whose Prophet Is Cesare Beccaria? An Essay on the Origins of Criminological Theory"; John Braitnwaite and Brent Fisse, "On the Plausibility of Corporate Crime Theory"; Raymond Paternoster and Charles R. Tittle, "Parental Work Control and Delinquency: A Theoretical and Empirical Critique"; J.O. Finckenauer, "Legal Socialization Theory: A Precursor to Comparative Research in the Soviet Union"; Jeanette Covington, "Theoretical Explanations of Race Differences in Heroin Use"; Hans Joachim Schneider, "The Media World of Crime: A Study of Social Learning Theory and Symbolic Interaction"; ^Alexander Yakovlov, "Epistemological Problems of Criminology"; John Braithwaite and Joan McCord, "The State of Criminology: Theoretical Decay or Renaissance?"; Joan McCord, "One Perspective on the State of Criminology."

Born to Crime

Author: Mary Gibson
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN:
Format: PDF
Download Now
Despite the popular perception that genetic explanations of the causes of crime are new, biological determinism is an idea that dates back to the birth of criminology. This is largely due to the efforts of Cesare Lombroso, widely regarded as the father of modern criminology. His 1876 work, Criminal Man, drew on Darwin to propose that most lawbreakers were throwbacks to a more primitive level of human evolution--identifiable by their physical traits, such as small heads, flat noses, large ears, and the like. These "born criminals" could not escape their biological destiny. The "scientific" appeal of these theories of what Lombroso called criminal anthropology had a powerful and long-lasting influence in contemporary Italy, Europe, and the Western world as a whole, and even today the stereotypes they created resonate in popular culture. Lombroso's influential ideas are explored in this provocative new book.

Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: Roxbury Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781891487552
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Building on the success of the First Edition, the Second Edition features 14 new selections, ranging from classic works to recent selections on social disorganization, deterrence, critical, and control balance theories. Two new sections have been added: The Origins of Modern Criminology and Developmental Theories: Crime and the Life Course. The other sections have been substantially revised, and new introductory essays provide overviews of the different theories and perspectives and their relationship to one another. The Second Edition also begins with a unique Guide for Readers - and essay that helps readers understand both the structure of criminological theory and how to use the book's readings most effectively. Brief introductions precede each individual reading, alerting readers to key points and building into a useful road map for the whole work.