The Political Ecology of Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Marcus Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134485891
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides the first systematic critique of the concept of climate change adaptation within the field of international development. Drawing on a reworked political ecology framework, it argues that climate is not something ‘out there’ that we adapt to. Instead, it is part of the social and biophysical forces through which our lived environments are actively yet unevenly produced. From this original foundation, the book challenges us to rethink the concepts of climate change, vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity in transformed ways. With case studies drawn from Pakistan, India and Mongolia, it demonstrates concretely how climatic change emerges as a dynamic force in the ongoing transformation of contested rural landscapes. In crafting this synthesis, the book recalibrates the frameworks we use to envisage climatic change in the context of contemporary debates over development, livelihoods and poverty. With its unique theoretical contribution and case study material, this book will appeal to researchers and students in environmental studies, sociology, geography, politics and development studies.

Youth Gender and the Capabilities Approach to Development

Author: Aurora Lopez-Fogues
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315306336
Format: PDF, Docs
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Youth, Gender and the Capabilities Approach to Development investigates to what extent young people have access to fair opportunities, the factors influencing their aspirations, and how able they are to pursue these aspirations and to carry out their life plans. The book positions itself in the intersection between capabilities, youth and gender, in recognition of the fact that without gender equality, capabilities cannot be universal and development strategies are likely to fail to achieve their full objectives. Within the framework of the human development and capabilities approach, Youth, Gender and the Capabilities Approach to Development focuses on examples in the areas of education, political spaces, and social practices that confront inequality and injustice head on, by seeking to advance young people’s capabilities and their agency to make valuable life plans. The book focuses how youth policies and issues can be approached globally from a capabilities-friendly perspective; arguing for the promotion of freedoms and opportunities both in educational and political spheres, with the aim of developing a more just world. With a range of studies from multiple and diverse national contexts, including Russia, Spain, South Africa, Tanzania, Morocco, Turkey, Syria, Colombia, India and Argentina, this important multidisciplinary collection will be of interest to researchers within youth studies, gender studies and development studies, as well as to policy makers and NGOs.

Gender Power and Knowledge for Development

Author: Lata Narayanaswamy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317812247
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Knowledge-for-development is under-theorised and under-researched within development studies, but as a set of policy objectives it is thriving within development practice. Donors and other agencies are striving to improve the flow of information within and between decision-makers and so-called ‘poor and marginalized groups’ in order to promote economic and social development, including the empowerment of women. Gender, Power and Knowledge for Development questions the assumptions and practice of the knowledge-for-development industry. Using a qualitative, multi-site ethnographical study of a Northern-based gender information service and its ‘beneficiaries’ in India, the book queries the utility of the knowledge paradigm itself and the underlying assumption that a knowledge deficit exists in the Global South. It questions the value of practices designed to address this presumed deficit that seek to increase information without addressing the specific problems of the knowledge systems being targeted for support. After reviewing the evidence, the book recommends that international organisations, governments and practitioners move away from the belief that information intermediaries can employ progressive correctives to ‘tinker at the edges’ and thus resolve the shortcomings of on-going attempts to use knowledge alone as a driver of development. Gender, Power and Knowledge for Development will be of great interest to researchers, students in development studies, gender studies, and communication studies as well as INGOs, donor agencies and groups engaged in information for development (i4D), ICT for development (ICT4D), Tech4Dev, knowledge mobilization and knowledge-for-development (K4D).

Global Food Security and Development Aid

Author: Ivica Petrikova
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134835191
Format: PDF, Mobi
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At the global level, international actors have repeatedly expressed their desire to end hunger and food insecurity. However, food insecurity has persisted. More analysis is hence needed on the link between continuously high levels of global food insecurity and the ever increasing flow of development aid. Global Food Security and Development Aid investigates the impact that development aid has had on food security in developing countries and includes international case studies on Peru, Ethiopia, India and Vietnam. It examines the effect of development aid in general and the impact of aid divided into different categories based on donor, mechanism and sector to which it is provided. In each examined relationship between aid and food security, particular attention is paid to the potentially intervening role played by the quality of national and/or local governance. The book makes policy recommendations, most importantly that donors should take greater care in considering which types of aid are suitable to which specific countries, localities, and development goals, and account for expected developments in the complex relationship between aid, food security, and governance. This book will be of considerable interest to students, researchers and policy-makers in the areas of development aid and food security.

Interventionskultur

Author: Thorsten Bonacker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531163024
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sicherheit, Demokratie, Wiederaufbau, Rechtstaat – all das erhoffen sich Menschen von Interventionen. Seit dem Kalten Krieg kommen humanitäre Interventionen häufig vor. Sie verändern die gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen in den Zielländern erheblich, doch oft können die Politik und Militärstrategie diese sozialen Verschiebungen nur schwer begreifen. Dann wird es aber schwieriger, friedensschaffende und stabilisierende Maßnahmen umzusetzen. Die Soziologie dieser Gesellschaften konzentriert sich auf die Beziehungen zwischen den Intervenierenden und denen, die von den Interventionen betroffen sind, den „Intervenierten“. Im Zentrum der Überlegungen stehen vor allem die neue Kultur und die Interaktionsformen, die sich zwischen beiden Gruppen entwickeln, sowie die gesellschaftliche Dynamik, die von der Intervention und dem anschließenden Wiederaufbau ausgelöst wird. Auch werden die Rückwirkungen der Intervention auf die Intervenierenden, d.h. vor allem auf die westlichen Gesellschaften, untersucht.

OECD Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264172866
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Wie werden wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungen die Umwelt bis 2050 beeinflussen? Welche Maßnahmen sind nötig, um den wichtigsten ökologischen Herausforderungen zu begegnen, und mit welchen Konsequenzen müssen wir im Falle von politischer Untätigkeit rechnen? Der Umweltausblick liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends. Im Zentrum der Projektionen stehen vier Bereiche, anhand derer sich die Zukunft unseres Planeten entscheiden wird: Klimawandel, Artenvielfalt, Wasser sowie Umwelt und Gesundheit.

Was vom Krieg brig bleibt

Author: Anne Menzel
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839427797
Format: PDF
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Wie ordnen sich gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse nach kriegerischer Gewalt neu? Und wie gehen Betroffene und Beteiligte mit weiterhin bestehenden unfriedlichen Beziehungen um? Am Fallbeispiel Sierra Leone untersucht Anne Menzel die Trennlinie zwischen der Zivilbevölkerung und (ehemaligen) Kämpfern, die sowohl in der Forschung zu Nachkriegsgesellschaften als auch in der Peacebuilding-Praxis meist als gegeben angesehen und ganz selbstverständlich gezogen wird. Ihre Studie eröffnet neue und überraschende Perspektiven, indem sie Einblick in das Entstehen und in die andauernde Praxis einer lokalen »Ästhetik der Gefährlichkeit« gibt, in der sich gerade keine eindeutige Trennung von Exkombattanten und Zivilbevölkerung ausmachen lässt.