The Politics of Life Itself

Author: Nikolas Rose
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827507
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For centuries, medicine aimed to treat abnormalities. But today normality itself is open to medical modification. Equipped with a new molecular understanding of bodies and minds, and new techniques for manipulating basic life processes at the level of molecules, cells, and genes, medicine now seeks to manage human vital processes. The Politics of Life Itself offers a much-needed examination of recent developments in the life sciences and biomedicine that have led to the widespread politicization of medicine, human life, and biotechnology. Avoiding the hype of popular science and the pessimism of most social science, Nikolas Rose analyzes contemporary molecular biopolitics, examining developments in genomics, neuroscience, pharmacology, and psychopharmacology and the ways they have affected racial politics, crime control, and psychiatry. Rose analyzes the transformation of biomedicine from the practice of healing to the government of life; the new emphasis on treating disease susceptibilities rather than disease; the shift in our understanding of the patient; the emergence of new forms of medical activism; the rise of biocapital; and the mutations in biopower. He concludes that these developments have profound consequences for who we think we are, and who we want to be.

Macht in Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Julian Hamann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658149000
Format: PDF, Docs
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Während sich die Wissenschaftsforschung in den letzten Jahren in großen Teilen mit Fragen der Organisationsbildung und -steuerung, mit Methoden der Evaluation von Leistung und Qualität sowie mit der Analyse von wissenschaftlichen Mikrowelten befasst hat, wurden Studien, die das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft kritisch aus diskurs-, macht- und feldtheoretischen Perspektiven untersuchen, bisher in unabhängigen Einzelprojekten durchgeführt. Obwohl diese Beiträge in den jeweils behandelten gesellschaftlichen Bereichen auf Resonanz stoßen und eine Fülle von wissenschaftstheoretischen Anstößen bieten, ist die entsprechende Diskussion bisher nicht in Buchform sichtbar. Der vorliegende Band führt diese Perspektiven erstmals zu einem Austausch zusammen und schließt damit in der deutschsprachigen Wissenschaftsforschung eine Lücke.

Die Natur in der Soziologie

Author: Thomas Lemke
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593398621
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die »Social Studies of Biomedicine and Biotechnologies« sind ein Feld innerhalb der Soziologie, das in Deutschland bislang kaum etabliert ist. Welche gesellschaftlichen Voraussetzungen und Folgen beinhalten biowissenschaftliches Wissen und biotechnologische Innovationen? Diese Frage wurde bislang nur ansatzweise empirisch analysiert und theoretisch reflektiert. Ausgehend von dieser Forschungslücke macht Thomas Lemke die internationale Diskussion für die deutschsprachigen Sozialwissenschaften zugänglich. Er plädiert für eine Neuorientierung in der Soziologie, für einen anderen Naturbegriff und ein Überdenken der disziplinären Arbeitsteilung zwischen Sozial- und Naturwissenschaften.

Leben mit den Lebenswissenschaften

Author: Katharina Liebsch
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839414253
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Chancen und Risiken biomedizinischer Entwicklungen werden innerhalb der Wissenschaft und in den Medien breit diskutiert. Wie aber erfolgt die Aneignung dieser Wissensbestände, wie kommt das neue Wissen »unter die Leute«? Im Mittelpunkt des Bandes steht genau diese Frage nach dem »Wie« der Weitergabe, Vermittlung und Aufnahme biomedizinischen Wissens in Alltagswelten - also nach der Prozessierung neuer biomedizinischer Wissensbestände. Anhand konkreter Beispiele werden verschiedene Mechanismen des Wissenstransfers vorgestellt, so dass sich eine analytische Grundlage für das Verstehen der lebensweltlichen Relevanz biomedizinischen Wissens eröffnet.

Critical Digital Studies

Author: Arthur Kroker
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666714
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy

Author: Donna V. Jones
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231518609
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the early twentieth century, the life philosophy of Henri Bergson summoned the élan vital, or vital force, as the source of creative evolution. Bergson also appealed to intuition, which focused on experience rather than discursive thought and scientific cognition. Particularly influential for the literary and political Négritude movement of the 1930s, which opposed French colonialism, Bergson's life philosophy formed an appealing alternative to Western modernity, decried as "mechanical," and set the stage for later developments in postcolonial theory and vitalist discourse. Revisiting narratives on life that were produced in this age of machinery and war, Donna V. Jones shows how Bergson, Nietzsche, and the poets Leopold Senghor and Aimé Césaire fashioned the concept of life into a central aesthetic and metaphysical category while also implicating it in discourses on race and nation. Jones argues that twentieth-century vitalism cannot be understood separately from these racial and anti-Semitic discussions. She also shows that some dominant models of emancipation within black thought become intelligible only when in dialogue with the vitalist tradition. Jones's study strikes at the core of contemporary critical theory, which integrates these older discourses into larger critical frameworks, and she traces the ways in which vitalism continues to draw from and contribute to its making.

2009

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783598694523
Format: PDF
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Foucault Handbuch

Author: Clemens Kammler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476013782
Format: PDF
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Der einflussreichste französische Denker der Gegenwart. Foucaults Werk hat nicht nur die Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften entscheidend beeinflusst. Das Handbuch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über Foucaults Leben und Werk. Es stellt die Kontexte dar, aus denen heraus seine Werke entstanden sind und erklärt Grundbegriffe des Foucault schen Denkens wie Archiv , Biopolitik , Diskurs , Dispositiv Genealogie , Körper und Macht . Mit einem umfangreichen Kapitel zur Rezeption in den verschiedenen Disziplinen.

Neuro

Author: Nikolas Rose
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400846331
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The brain sciences are influencing our understanding of human behavior as never before, from neuropsychiatry and neuroeconomics to neurotheology and neuroaesthetics. Many now believe that the brain is what makes us human, and it seems that neuroscientists are poised to become the new experts in the management of human conduct. Neuro describes the key developments--theoretical, technological, economic, and biopolitical--that have enabled the neurosciences to gain such traction outside the laboratory. It explores the ways neurobiological conceptions of personhood are influencing everything from child rearing to criminal justice, and are transforming the ways we "know ourselves" as human beings. In this emerging neuro-ontology, we are not "determined" by our neurobiology: on the contrary, it appears that we can and should seek to improve ourselves by understanding and acting on our brains. Neuro examines the implications of this emerging trend, weighing the promises against the perils, and evaluating some widely held concerns about a neurobiological "colonization" of the social and human sciences. Despite identifying many exaggerated claims and premature promises, Neuro argues that the openness provided by the new styles of thought taking shape in neuroscience, with its contemporary conceptions of the neuromolecular, plastic, and social brain, could make possible a new and productive engagement between the social and brain sciences. Copyright note: Reproduction, including downloading of Joan Miro works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. ?

Religion and Power

Author: Nicole Maria Brisch
Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales
ISBN:
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This volume represents a collection of contributions presented during the Third Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond, held at the Oriental Institute, February 23-24, 2007. The purpose of this conference was to examine more closely concepts of kingship in various regions of the world and in different time periods. The study of kingship goes back to the roots of fields such as anthropology and religious studies, as well as Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology. More recently, several conferences have been held on kingship, drawing on cross-cultural comparisons. Yet the question of the divinity of the king as god has never before been examined within the framework of a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary conference. Some of the recent anthropological literature on kingship relegates this question of kings who deified themselves to the background or voices serious misgivings about the usefulness of the distinction between divine and sacred kings. Several contributors to this volume have pointed out the Western, Judeo-Christian background of our categories of the human and the divine. However, rather than abandoning the term divine kingship because of its loaded history it is more productive to examine the concept of divine kingship more closely from a new perspective in order to modify our understanding of this term and the phenomena associated with it.