The Principles of Representative Government

Author: Bernard Manin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521458917
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The thesis of this original and provocative book is that representative government should be understood as a combination of democratic and undemocratic elements. Challenging the conventionally held views on the subject, Professor Manin reminds us that while today representative institutions and democracy appear as virtually indistinguishable, when representative government was first established in Europe and America, it was designed in opposition to democracy proper. The author identifies the essential features of democratic institutions and reviews the history of their application.

Constitutionalism and Democracy

Author: Jon Elster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521457217
Format: PDF, Docs
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The eleven essays in this volume, supplemented by an editorial introduction, center around three overlapping problems. First, why would a society want to limit its own sovereign power by imposing constitutional constraints on democratic decision-making? Second, what are the contributions of democracy and constitutions to efficient government? Third, what are the relations among democracy, constitutionalism, and private property? This comprehensive discussion of the problems inherent in constitutional democracy will be of interest to students in a variety of social sciences. It illuminates particularly the current efforts of many countries, especially in Latin America, to establish stable democratic regimes.

On Nationality

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198280475
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Nationalism is a dominating force in contemporary politics but political philosophers have been reluctant to discuss ideas of nationalism. In this book David Miller defends the principle of nationality.

Democracy Under Scrutiny

Author: Ursula J. Van Beek
Publisher: Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3866493061
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book reveals the diverse worlds of history, civic culture and values of South Africa, South Korea, Chile, Poland, Turkey, Germany and Sweden. It explores the similarities and contrasts between the values of the elites and the ordinary people. Written from various disciplinary perspectives and offering both empirical evidence and insiders' knowledge, this book is bound to interest a wide variety of readers. "This volume makes a striking contribution to the comparative democratisation literature. It is based on the transversal examination of seven major and well-established democratic regimes distributed across four continents. This selection avoids most of the usual suspects, - although it does include two robust west European democracies. So it provides a broader canvas than usual for examining the interplay of values and divergence of priorities that regulate relations between the demos and professionalised political elites in a representative set of institutionally secure and naturally prominent contemporary democracies. The comparability of the cases is provided by a standardised questionnaire and data collection, but the limited size of the sample and its global dispersion also permits the authors to devote proper attention to contextual variation. Although all the democracies under consideration are quite strong, nearly all are also relatively recent. So the exercise also sheds light on the varied nature of successful democratisation outcomes." Laurence Whitehead, Oxford University "Written by leading social scientists from each of the seven countries, the study sets its empirical analyses in each society's historical and ideological context. The data on parliamentary and media elites were collected by the authors, who designed their questionnaire to correspond closely to the questionnaire used in the 2005-2007 World Values Survey, which was carried out in all seven countries at about the same time. This book is a landmark study that provides unique insight into the values of elites and mass publics, and the importance of elite-mass congruence for democratic institutions." Ronald Inglehart, The University of Michigan

Election Watchdogs

Author: Pippa Norris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190677805
Format: PDF
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"Recent years have seen resurgent interest in the potential capacity of transparency - the public availability of information - to improve democratic governance. Timely, accurate, granular and freely-available information is generally regarded as intrinsically valuable, as well as having many instrumental benefits. In development, transparency and accountability is generally thought to help plug the leaky pipes of corruption and inefficiency, channel public spending more efficiently, and produce better services. In the field of electoral governance, openness about the rules and procedures, outcomes, and decisions processes used by electoral authorities is widely assumed to build public trust, improve policy-making, and facilitate accountability. In the age of WikiLeaks, Twitter and Google, open governance, expanding information and communication, often seems like an unqualified good. Nevertheless, beyond popular buzzword sloganeering, evidence suggests that the impact of transparency on the quality of governance and elections remains mixed. Transparency also has a dark side, threatening trust, privacy, and security. To understand these issues more fully, this book seeks to assess the contemporary drive towards open electoral governance and to identify several conditions predicted to determine the success of transparency policies in strengthening electoral integrity. Chapters look at transparency in electoral governance at the international and state levels, as well as within civil society"--

Inventing Freedom

Author: Daniel Hannan
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062231758
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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British politician Daniel Hannan's Inventing Freedom is an ambitious account of the historical origin and spread of the principles that have made America great, and their role in creating a sphere of economic and political liberty that is as crucial as it is imperiled. According to Hannan, the ideas and institutions we consider essential to maintaining and preserving our freedoms—individual rights, private property, the rule of law, and the institutions of representative government—are the legacy of a very specific tradition that was born in England and that we Americans, along with other former British colonies, inherited. By the tenth century, England was a nation-state whose people were already starting to define themselves with reference to inherited common-law rights. The story of liberty is the story of how that model triumphed. How it was enshrined in a series of landmark victories—the Magna Carta, the English Civil War, the Glorious Revolution, the U.S. Constitution—and how it came to defeat every international rival. Today we see those ideas abandoned and scorned in the places where they once went unchallenged. Inventing Freedom is a chronicle of the success of Anglosphere exceptionalism. And it is offered at a time that may turn out to be the end of the age of political freedom.

Democracy

Author: M. Cherif Bassiouni
Publisher: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISBN: 9291420360
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Experience - M. Fathima Beevi