The Psychoanalytic Movement

Author: Ernest Gellner
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 9780810113701
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The aim of this book is the understanding of how psychoanalysis came to be so generally accepted by the public at large. The author, a sociologist, focuses on reconstructing the system of ideas upon which the theory and practice of psychoanalysis rests.

Im Medium des Unbewussten

Author: Josef Zwi Guggenheim
Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 3170312847
Format: PDF, ePub
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Als Erkenntnis- und Therapieverfahren existiert die Psychoanalyse seit über 100 Jahren. Sie hat sich in medizinischen, natur- und geisteswissenschaftlichen Kontexten entwickelt. Die Wissenschaftsphilosophie hat sich um die Erkenntnis der Eigenarten der Psychoanalyse kaum gekümmert, sondern sie in Schubladen unterzubringen versucht, wie denen erklärender oder verstehender Wissenschaften. Das Verhältnis von mündlichem und schriftlichem Wissen, die Verbindung von Therapieerfolg und Erkenntnisfortschritt und von Leid und Wahrheit war nicht Gegenstand der Theorie der Psychoanalyse. Das soll durch dieses Buch anders werden. Es deutet Psychoanalyse als Denken in Einzelfällen, vergleichbar der Jurisprudenz, als Verfahren individueller Reflexion und nicht als allgemeine Anthropologie.

Nietzsche s Presence in Freud s Life and Thought

Author: Ronald Lehrer
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791421451
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines the nature of Freud's relationship to the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche regarded himself, among other things, as a psychologist. His psychological explorations included an understanding of the meaning and function of dreams, the unconscious, sublimation of drives, drives turned inward upon the self, unconscious guilt, unconscious envy, unconscious resistance, and much more that anticipated some of Freud's fundamental psychoanalytic concepts. Although Freud wrote of Nietzsche having anticipated psychoanalytic concepts, he denied that Nietzsche had any influence on his thought.

The Myth of the Closed Mind

Author: Ray Scott Percival
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697952
Format: PDF, ePub
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“It’s like talking to a brick wall” and “We’ll have to agree to disagree” are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains that not being too ready to abandon one’s beliefs is rational.

Therapy Breakthrough

Author: Michael R. Edelstein
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812698460
Format: PDF
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More people are in psychotherapy than ever before. Yet most of them have no idea of the vast differences between the hundreds of various schools of therapy. Therapy Breakthrough is the first book to clearly explain the theories and practices of the two big camps: Psychodynamic or PD therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral or CB therapy. PD therapists believe that emotional problems are caused by hidden forces in our unconscious minds, forces that cannot be observed directly and that resist being uncovered. CB therapists, by contrast, maintain that the roots of people’s emotional and behavioral disturbances can be identified by direct questions, and these problems can then be tackled by straightforward techniques. Therapy Breakthrough is written from the standpoint of CB therapy. Using psychological research, philosophy, and common sense, it argues that PD therapy is founded on mistaken theories of the mind, and explains how to apply CB methods directly to your own problems.

The Implied Spider

Author: Wendy Doniger
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152711X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Wendy Doniger's foundational study is both modern in its engagement with a diverse range of religions and refreshingly classic in its transhistorical, cross-cultural approach. By responsibly analyzing patterns and themes across context, Doniger reinvigorates the comparative reading of religion, tapping into a wealth of narrative traditions, from the instructive tales of Judaism and Christianity to the moral lessons of the Bhagavad Gita. She extracts political meaning from a variety of texts while respecting the original ideas of each. A new preface confronts the difficulty of contextualizing the comparison of religions as well as controversies over choosing subjects and positioning arguments, and the text itself is expanded and updated throughout.

Terrible Beauty A Cultural History of the Twentieth Century

Author: Peter Watson
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 178022673X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A history of the twentieth century which covers all the ideas, people, great events, literary and artistic movements, scientific discoveries which have shaped the twentieth century. Terrible Beauty presents a unique narrative of the twentieth century. Unlike more conventional histories, where the focus is on political events and personalities, on wars, treaties and elections, this book concentrates on the ideas that made the century so rich, rewarding and provocative. Beginning with four seminal ideas which were introduced in 1900 - the unconscious, the gene, the quantum and Picasso's first paintings in Paris - the book brings together the main areas of thought and juxtaposes the most original and influential ideas of our time in an immensely readable narrative. From the creation of plastic to Norman Mailer, from the discovery of the 'Big Bang' to the Counterculture, from Relativity to Susan Sontag, from Proust to Salman Rushdie, and Henri Bergson to Saul Bellow, the book's range is encyclopedic. We meet in these pages the other twentieth century, the writers, the artists, the scientists and philosophers who were not cowed by the political and military disasters raging around them, and produced some of the most amazing and rewarding ideas by which we live. Terrible Beauty, endlessly stimulating and provocative, affirms that there was much more to the twentieth century than war and genocide.

Nachtragsband Texte aus den Jahren 1885 bis 1938

Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104001685
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die siebzehn Textbände der ›Gesammelten Werke‹ Sigmund Freuds, der bisher umfassendsten Edition des Oeuvres in der Originalsprache, sind zuerst zwischen 1940 und 1952 in Freuds Londoner Exilverlag erschienen, ehe S. Fischer sie 1960 übernahm. Aus verschiedenen Gründen fehlten gleichwohl wichtige Stücke des psychologisch-psychoanalytischen Werks. Einige Beispiele: die Beiträge Josef Breuers zu den ›Studien über Hysterie‹ (auf Freuds eigenen Wunsch); der frühe ›Entwurf einer Psychologie‹ (posthum zunächst im Rahmen der Fließ-Briefe veröffentlicht); die aufschlußreichen Notizen aus der Behandlung des als »Rattenmann« bekanntgewordenen Patienten (erstmals in den fünfziger Jahren erschlossen); der erst 1983 entdeckte Entwurf der zwölften metapsychologischen Abhandlung. Diese und viele andere Stücke, vor allem aus der Pionierzeit der Psychoanalyse, sammelt der mit umfangreichen editorischen Kommentaren ausgestattete ›Nachtragsband‹ - ein Quellenwerk ersten Ranges.

A Compulsion for Antiquity

Author: Richard H. Armstrong
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801443022
Format: PDF, ePub
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"If psychoanalysis is the return of repressed antiquity, distorted to be sure by modern desire, yet still bearing the telltale traces of the ancient archive, then would not our growing distance from the archive of antiquity also imply that we are in the process of losing our grip on psychoanalysis itself, as Freud conceived it?"—from Chapter 1As he developed his striking new science of the mind, Sigmund Freud had frequent recourse to ancient culture and the historical disciplines that draw on it. A Compulsion for Antiquity fully explores how Freud appropriated figures and themes from classical mythology and how the theory and practice of psychoanalysis paralleled contemporary developments in historiography, archaeology, philology, and the history of religions. Drawing extensively from Freud's private correspondence and other notes and documents, Richard H. Armstrong touches on Freud's indebtedness to Sophocles and the Oedipus complex, his interest in Moses and the Jewish religion, and his travels to Athens and Rome.Armstrong shows how Freud turned to the ancient world to deal with the challenges posed by his own scientific ambitions and how these lessons influenced the way he handled psychic "evidence" and formulated the universal application of what were initially isolated clinical truths. Freud's narrative reconstructions of the past also related to his sense of Jewishness, linking the historical trajectory of psychoanalysis with contemporary central European Jewish culture. Ranging across the breadth of Freud's work, A Compulsion for Antiquity offers fresh insights into the roots of psychoanalysis and fin de siècle European culture, and makes an important contribution to the burgeoning discipline of mnemohistory.