The Psychology of Survey Response

Author: Roger Tourangeau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576291
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Examines the complex psychological processes involved in answering different types of survey questions.

The Psychology of Survey Response

Author: Roger Tourangeau
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This valuable book examines the complex psychological processes involved in answering different types of survey questions. Drawing on both classic and modern research from cognitive psychology, social psychology, and survey methodology, the authors examine how survey responses are formulated and they demonstrate how seemingly unimportant features of the survey can affect the answers obtained. The book provides a comprehensive review of the sources of response errors in surveys, and it offers a coherent theory of the relation between the underlying views of the public and the results of public opinion polls. Topics include the comprehension of survey questions, the recall of relevant facts and beliefs, estimation and inferential processes people use to answer survey questions, the sources of the apparent instability of public opinion, the difficulties in getting responses into the required format, and the distortions introduced into surveys by deliberate misreporting.

The Psychology of Survey Response

Author: Roger Tourangeau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780511819322
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on classic and modern research from cognitive psychology, social psychology, and survey methodology, this book examines the psychological roots of survey data, how survey responses are formulated, and how seemingly unimportant features of the survey can affect the answers obtained. Topics include the comprehension of survey questions, the recall of relevant facts and beliefs, estimation and inferential processes people use to answer survey questions, the sources of the apparent instability of public opinion, the difficulties in getting responses into the required format, and distortions introduced into surveys by deliberate misreporting.

Thinking about answers

Author: Seymour Sudman
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780787901202
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Renowned experts in survey methodology Seymour Sudman, Norman M. Bradburn, and Norbert Schwarz have come together to write "Thinking About" Answers, an essential resource book filled with practical and theoretical insights that will prove invaluable when developing questionnaires. In this important book, the authors explore what answers mean in relation to how people understand the world around them and communicate with one another. "Thinking About Answers" uses the most current insights from research on survey methods and cognitive psychology. The authors present the survey as a social conversation and investigate and document the meanings of the answers respondents give to researchers. "Thinking About Answers" offers new and significant advances in understanding survey research, including information on: how respondents understand questions, search their memories for relevant information, form judgments, and edit their answersthe various theories on the storage and retrieval of "autobiographical memory"guidelines for alerting researchers on how context can influence the question-answering process to produce different resultshow the response alternatives offered to respondents affect the answers givenstrategies respondents use to make estimateshow respondents report on their own behavior or the behavior of othersand much more."Thinking About Answers" is an invaluable resource for practitioners and students of survey research, cognitive and methodology researchers, and students in methods or cognitive psychology classes.

The SAGE Handbook of Public Opinion Research

Author: Wolfgang Donsbach
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446206513
Format: PDF, Kindle
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'Some of the most experienced and thoughtful research experts in the world have contributed to this comprehensive Handbook, which should have a place on every serious survey researcher's bookshelf' - Sir Robert Worcester, Founder of MORI and President of WAPOR '82-'84. 'This is the book I have been waiting for. It not only reflects the state of the art, but will most likely also shape public opinion on public opinion research' - Olof Petersson, Professor of political science, SNS, Stockholm, Sweden 'The Handbook of Public Opinion Research is very authoritative, well organized, and sensitive to key issues in opinion research around the world. It will be my first choice as a general reference book for orienting users and training producers of opinion polls in Southeast Asia' - Mahar K. Mangahas, Ph.D., President of Social Weather Stations, Philippines (www.sws.org.ph) 'This is the most comprehensive book on public opinion research to date' - Robert Ting-Yiu Chung, Secretary-Treasurer, World Association for Public Opinion Research (WAPOR); Director of Public Opinion Programme, The University of Hong Kong Public opinion theory and research are becoming increasingly significant in modern societies as people's attitudes and behaviours become ever more volatile and opinion poll data becomes ever more readily available. This major new Handbook is the first to bring together into one volume the whole field of public opinion theory, research methodology, and the political and social embeddedness of polls in modern societies. It comprehensively maps out the state-of-the-art in contemporary scholarship on these topics. With over fifty chapters written by distinguished international researchers, both academic and from the commercial sector, this Handbook is designed to: - give the reader an overview of the most important concepts included in and surrounding the term 'public opinion' and its application in modern social research - present the basic empirical concepts for assessing public opinion and opinion changes in society - provide an overview of the social, political and legal status of public opinion research, how it is perceived by the public and by journalists, and how it is used by governments - offer a review of the role and use of surveys for selected special fields of application, ranging from their use in legal cases to the use of polls in marketing and campaigns. The Handbook of Public Opinion Research provides an indispensable resource for both practitioners and students alike.

Cognitive Interviewing

Author: Gordon B. Willis
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389308
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The design and evaluation of questionnaires—and of other written and oral materials—is a challenging endeavor, fraught with potential pitfalls. Cognitive Interviewing: A Tool for Improving Questionnaire Design describes a means of systematically developing survey questions through investigations that intensively probe the thought processes of individuals who are presented with those inquiries. The work provides general guidance about questionnaire design, development, and pre-testing sequence, with an emphasis on the cognitive interview. In particular, the book gives detailed instructions about the use of verbal probing techniques, and how one can elicit additional information from subjects about their thinking and about the manner in which they react to tested questions. These tools help researchers discover how well their questions are working, where they are failing, and determine what they can do to rectify the wide variety of problems that may surface while working with questionnaires.

The Science of Web Surveys

Author: Roger Tourangeau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199747040
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this volume, the authors provide a comprehensive summary of the literature on this method of data collection that is rapidly growing in popularity. The book includes new syntheses of the authors' work and other important research on Web surveys, including a meta-analysis of studies that compare reports on sensitive topics in Web surveys with reports collected in other modes of data collection.

Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods

Author: Paul J. Lavrakas
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 150631788X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In conjunction with top survey researchers around the world and with Nielsen Media Research serving as the corporate sponsor, the Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods presents state-of-the-art information and methodological examples from the field of survey research. Although there are other "how-to" guides and references texts on survey research, none is as comprehensive as this Encyclopedia, and none presents the material in such a focused and approachable manner. With more than 600 entries, this resource uses a Total Survey Error perspective that considers all aspects of possible survey error from a cost-benefit standpoint.

Analysis of the Cognitive Interview in Questionnaire Design

Author: Gordon B. Willis
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199957754
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cognitive interviewing, based on the self-report methods of Ericsson and Simon, is a key form of qualitative research that has developed over the past thirty years. The primary objective of cognitive interviewing, also known as cognitive testing, is to understand the cognitive mechanisms underlying the survey-response process. An equally important aim is contributing to the development of best practices for writing survey questions that are well understood and that produce low levels of response error. In particular, an important applied objective is the evaluation of a particular set of questions, items, or other materials under development by questionnaire designers, to determine means for rewording, reordering, or reconceptualizing. Hence, as well as providing an empirical, psychologically oriented framework for the general study of questionnaire design, cognitive interviewing has been adopted as a 'production' mechanism for the improvement of a wide variety of survey questions, whether factual, behavioral, or attitudinal in nature. As with other methods that rely on qualitative data, cognitive interviewing has increasingly been criticized for being lax in the critical area of the development of systematic methods for data reduction, analysis, and reporting of results. Practitioners tend to conduct cognitive interviewing in varying ways, and the data coding and compilation activities undertaken are often nonstandardized and poorly described. There is a considerable need for further development--and documentation--relating not only to a description of this variation but also to providing a set of recommendations for minimal standards, if not best practices. The proposed volume endeavors to address this clear omission.

The Palgrave Handbook of Survey Research

Author: David L. Vannette
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319543954
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This handbook is a comprehensive reference guide for researchers, funding agencies and organizations engaged in survey research. Drawing on research from a world-class team of experts, this collection addresses the challenges facing survey-based data collection today as well as the potential opportunities presented by new approaches to survey research, including in the development of policy. It examines innovations in survey methodology and how survey scholars and practitioners should think about survey data in the context of the explosion of new digital sources of data. The Handbook is divided into four key sections: the challenges faced in conventional survey research; opportunities to expand data collection; methods of linking survey data with external sources; and, improving research transparency and data dissemination, with a focus on data curation, evaluating the usability of survey project websites, and the credibility of survey-based social science. Chapter 23 of this book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.