Non Discrimination in International Trade in Services

Author: Nicolas F. Diebold
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139492128
Format: PDF
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The principle of non-discrimination is fundamental to the regulation of international trade in goods and services. In the context of trade in goods, the concept of 'like products' has become a key element of the legal analysis of whether a trade obstacle violates GATT non-discrimination obligations. The equivalent concept of 'like services and service suppliers' in GATS rules on non-discrimination has received little attention in WTO jurisprudence. In light of the remaining uncertainties, Nicolas Diebold analyses the legal problems of the GATS 'like services and services suppliers' concept using a contextual and comparative methodology. The 'likeness' element is not analysed in isolation, but in context with 'less favourable treatment' and regulatory purpose as additional elements of non-discrimination. The book also explores how far theories from non-discrimination rules in GATT, NAFTA, BITs and EC as well as market definition theories from competition law may be applied to 'likeness' in GATS.

Policy within and through law

Author: J. De Bruyne
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046607186
Format: PDF
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'Practising law, whether as a politician, a judge, a lawyer or an academic, is to a certain degree creating or influencing policy', Walter Van Gerven once wrote. This statement and many other similar or opposite statements make one wonder about the nature of the policies concerned, the identities of the decision makers and the rationale underlying those policies. On these and related questions PhD researchers from different Belgian law schools debated at the ACCA-conference held at Ghent University in May 2014. This book holds the fruits of those debates. Hence, the book contains concise contributions focusing on policy questions in matters related to various fields of law, such as environmental, constitutional, civil, social, criminal, procedural or EU law. It seeks to provide an insight into the interplay between legislators and administrative bodies on the one hand and judges and legal scholars on the other hand, bringing about the creation of a new policy or the adjustment or abolishment of an existing policy.

The Use of Economics in International Trade and Investment Disputes

Author: Theresa Carpenter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316824632
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Twenty-first-century trade agreements increasingly are a source of international law on investment and competition. With chapters contributed by leading practitioners and academics, this volume draws upon investor-state arbitration and competition/antitrust disputes to focus on the application of economics to international trade law and specifically WTO law. Written in an accessible language suitable for a broad readership while providing concrete insights designed for the specialist, this book will be of use to those active or interested in the related fields of trade disputes, competition law, and investor-state arbitration.

The Public International Law of Trade in Legal Services

Author: David Collins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108530397
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines the international legal regime covering trade in legal services. While legal services are a vital component of the economies of many developed and emerging countries, they remain poorly liberalized with numerous restrictions undermining market access for foreign suppliers. Although some modern bilateral and regional trade agreements have begun to address barriers to trade in legal services, few go beyond the basic commitments of non-discrimination and transparency contained in the WTO GATS. This book approaches the pressing need to open the global market for trade in legal services across the four modes of supply: cross border, consumption abroad, commercial presence and temporary movement of natural persons. It considers changes under way within the legal profession brought about by alternative business structures and technology. Both underscore the importance of reconceptualizing trade in legal services as one that should be as open as possible with a view to maximizing competition while safeguarding the needs of clients.

Documents in International Economic Law

Author: Christian J. Tams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199658048
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Bringing together all the most important treaties and materials in international trade law, investment law, and financial law, this book will be an invaluable resource to both students and practitioners of international economic law.

Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law

Author: Henrik Horn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107068002
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement covers international commerce in goods and services including measures that directly affect trade, such as import tariffs and quotas, and almost any type of internal measure with an impact on trade. Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law contributes to the analysis of the texts of World Trade Law in law and economics, reporting work done to identify improvements to the interpretation of the Agreement. It starts with background studies, the first summarizes The Genesis of the GATT, which highlights the negotiating history of the GATT 1947–8; the second introduces the economics of trade agreements. These are followed by two main studies. The first, authored by Bagwell, Staiger and Sykes, discusses legal and economic aspects of the GATT regulation of border policy instruments, such as import tariffs and import quotas. The second, written by Grossman, Horn and Mavroidis, focuses on the core provision for the regulation of domestic policy instruments - the National Treatment principles in Art. III GATT.

The Jurisprudence of GATT and the WTO

Author: John H. Jackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521620567
Format: PDF, ePub
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An important compendium from a globally recognized scholar on international trade policy issues.