The Return of Work in Critical Theory

Author: Christophe Dejours
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231547188
Format: PDF, Docs
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From John Maynard Keynes’s prediction of a fifteen-hour workweek to present-day speculation about automation, we have not stopped forecasting the end of work. Critical theory and political philosophy have turned their attention away from the workplace to focus on other realms of domination and emancipation. But far from coming to an end, work continues to occupy a central place in our lives. This is not only because of the amount of time people spend on the job. Many of our deepest hopes and fears are bound up in our labor—what jobs we perform, how we relate to others, how we might flourish. The Return of Work in Critical Theory presents a bold new account of the human significance of work and the human costs of contemporary forms of work organization. A collaboration among experts in philosophy, social theory, and clinical psychology, it brings together empirical research with incisive analysis of the political stakes of contemporary work. The Return of Work in Critical Theory begins by looking in detail at the ways in which work today fails to meet our expectations. It then sketches a phenomenological description of work and examines the normative premises that underlie the experience of work. Finally, it puts forward a novel conception of work that can renew critical theory’s engagement with work and point toward possibilities for transformation. Inspired by Max Horkheimer’s vision of critical theory as empirically informed reflection on the sources of social suffering with emancipatory intent, The Return of Work in Critical Theory is a lucid diagnosis of the malaise and pathologies of contemporary work that proposes powerful remedies.

Social Work

Author: Jan Fook
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761972518
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this text, Jan Fook takes a reflective approach to social work. The reader is encouraged to develop his or her own ideas, using the material covered in this book.

Critical theory of technology

Author: Andrew Feenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This pathbreaking book argues that the roots of the degradation of labor, education, and the environment lie not in technology per se but in the cultural values embodied in its design.

Psychopathology of Work

Author: Christophe Dejours
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1781814732
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines the processes at issue in the onset of psychiatric disorders linked to stress in the workplace. Six clinical observations are presented: an acute psychosomatic decompensation (status asthmaticus); a delirious episode; a dementia-like confusional state; a sexuality disorder; two successive decompensations (one in a victim of workplace harassment and one in her aggressor); and a suicide.Each is explored in detail, from aetiology to treatment, bringing into sharp relief the differences between conventional analysis and the interpretation of material in light of the reference to work. These studies have been written by psychoanalysts and may be used as a training resource for practitioners and students alike. For any professional or researcher involved in the world of work, these observations will offer a deeper understanding of this particular work-related mental pathology which characterises the development of our contemporary society.

The Scandal of Reason

Author: Albena Azmanova
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231527286
Format: PDF
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Theories of justice are haunted by a paradox: the more ambitious the theory of justice, the less applicable and useful the model is to political practice; yet the more politically realistic the theory, the weaker its moral ambition, rendering it unsound and equally useless. Brokering a resolution to this "judgment paradox," Albena Azmanova advances a "critical consensus model" of judgment that serves the normative ideals of a just society without the help of ideal theory. Tracing the evolution of two major traditions in political philosophy—critical theory and philosophical liberalism—and the way they confront the judgment paradox, Azmanova critiques prevailing models of deliberative democracy and their preference for ideal theory over political applicability. Instead, she replaces the reliance on normative models of democracy with an account of the dynamics of reasoned judgment produced in democratic practices of open dialogues. Combining Hannah Arendt's study of judgment with Pierre Bourdieu's social critique of power relations, and incorporating elements of political epistemology from Kant, Wittgenstein, H. L. A. Hart, Max Weber, and American philosophical pragmatism, Azmanova centers her inquiry on the way participants in moral conflicts attribute meaning to their grievances of injustice. She then demonstrates the emancipatory potential of the model of critical deliberative judgment she forges and its capacity to guide policy making. This model's critical force yields from its capacity to disclose the common structural sources of injustice behind conflicting claims to justice. Moving beyond the conflict between universalist and pluralist positions, Azmanova grounds the question of "what is justice?" in the empirical reality of "who suffers?" in order to discern attainable possibilities for a less unjust world.

The Idea of a Critical Theory

Author: Raymond Geuss
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521284226
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Habermas and earlier members of the Frankfurt School have presented critical theory as a radically new form of knowledge. It is differentiated from the natural sciences as essentially 'reflective': the knowledge it provides guides us towards enlightenment as to our true interests, and emancipation from often unsuspected forms of external and internal coercion. Its first paradigms are in the writings of Marx and Freud. In this book Raymond Geuss sets out these fundamental claims and asks whether they can be made good. Is a science which does not simply describe and explain social phenomena, but also criticizes? The concept of ideology plays a crucial role in this discussion. Geuss carefully analyses it here, its relation to our beliefs and interests, and the account of truth and confirmation required by its critique and the concomitant goal of self-knowledge. The book does not presuppose acquaintance with the works of the Frankfurt School and can serve as a lucid introduction to their central, distinctive theses. But in its scrupulous and incisive consideration of these, and the modified support for them that emerges, it will also interest experts on critical theory and others concerned with the methods and purposes of the social sciences in general.

Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy

Author: Werner Bonefeld
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1623563313
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Subversive thought is none other than the cunning of reason when confronted with a social reality in which the poor and miserable are required to sustain the illusion of fictitious wealth. Yet, this subsidy is absolutely necessary in existing society, to prevent its implosion. The critique of political economy is a thoroughly subversive business. It rejects the appearance of economic reality as a natural thing, argues that economy has not independent existence, expounds economy as political economy, and rejects as conformist rebellion those anti-capitalist perspectives that derive their rationality from the existing conceptuality of society. Subversion focuses on human conditions. Its critical subject is society unaware of itself. This book develops Marx's critique of political economy as negative theory of society. It does not conform to the patterns of the world and demands that society rids itself of all the muck of ages and founds itself anew.

Critical Theory and the Digital

Author: David M. Berry
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441173609
Format: PDF, Docs
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This Critical Theory and Contemporary Society volume offers an original analysis of the role of the digital in today's society. It rearticulates critical theory by engaging it with the challenges of the digital revolution to show how the digital is changing the ways in which we lead our politics, societies, economies, media, and even private lives. In particular, the work examines how the enlightenment values embedded within the culture and materiality of digital technology can be used to explain the changes that are occurring across society. Critical Theory and the Digital draws from the critical concepts developed by critical theorists to demonstrate how the digital needs to be understood within a dialectic of potentially democratizing and totalizing technical power. By relating critical theory to aspects of a code-based digital world and the political economy that it leads to, the book introduces the importance of the digital code in the contemporary world to researchers in the field of politics, sociology, globalization and media studies.

Critical Turns in Critical Theory

Author: Seamus O'Tuama
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857711768
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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NJR - BLURB IN ITS RAW FORM_x000D_ The contemporary world is one of contingency and risk. We face a range of social and political problems barely imaginable to previous generations. How we address these will determine the prospects of our planet and all life on it, including the human species itself. Never before have the issues been more complex nor the stakes so high. _x000D_ _x000D_ 'Critical Turns in Critical Theory: New Directions in Social and Political Thought' is pitched at this rapidly changing and complex reality. It brings together a diverse range of scholars unified under the project of addressing selected topics in the context of contemporary critical social theory. Each contribution addresses a theme that has been prominent in civil society at a regional or global level in recent years. Each explores new theories, critiques, analyses and practices to address these debates._x000D_ _x000D_ The book loosely revolves around the seminal work of the critical social theorist Piet Strydom, whose work is becoming increasingly influential. His special contribution has been his capacity to mobilise strong theoretical frames in his critical insights into some of the most demanding and intractable of contemporary issues. His influence is reflected in all the contributions to this volume._x000D_ _x000D_ Responsibility, risk, ethics and communication are prominent themes, bringing together both a richness of theory and pressing contemporary dilemmas. Embedded in the discussions are questions relating to identity and cosmopolitanism which animate much contemporary debate around the world. A range of substantive issues is faced like the environment, science and technology, gender, development and law. The topics reflect the scope of critical social theory, with its tradition for tackling the pressing concerns of the day, a contribution often prized more highly in retrospect. This book attempts to not just face the relevant issues, but to present compelling alternative understandings against the seeming hegemony of liberal ideology._x000D_

Modern Culture and Critical Theory

Author: Russell A. Berman
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299120849
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Are the arguments of the Frankfurt School still relevant? Modern Culture and Critical Theory investigates this question in the context of important issues in contemporary cultural politics: neoconservatism and new social movements, discontents with modernity and debates on postmodernism, the political hegemony of Ronald Reagan, and the cultural hegemony of structuralism and poststructuralism. Russell Berman thoughtfully explores the theories of Horkheimer, Adorno, Benjamin, Lyotard, and Foucault and their relevance to both historical and contemporary issues in literature, politics, and the arts.