The Rise of Caring Power

Author: Annemieke van Drenth
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789053563854
Format: PDF, Docs
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This original study discusses the role of women in developing and dispersing caring power and, vice-versa, the role of caring power in constituting 'women' as modern social subjects, processes which began around 1800. Based on the historian-/philosopher Foucault's concept of pastoral power, "caring power" also takes into account the vital role played by gender. Both humanitarian and religious motives fostered the ideal of serving the well-being of individual 'others' and thereby the interest of society as a whole. With the rise of caring power, this book argues, women began to feel responsible for 'those of their own sex' and to organize themselves in all-female organizations. In the process they carved out new gender identities for themselves and the women in their care. The authors illustrate this profound historical change with the work of the reformers Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) and Josephine Butler (1828-1906) and trace their impact in Britain and the Netherlands.

The Rise of Mental Health Nursing

Author: Geertje Boschma
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789053565018
Format: PDF
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A unique analysis of psychiatric care and the emerging field of mental health nursing in the Netherlands at the turn of the 19th century.

Scholarly Environments

Author: Alasdair A. MacDonald
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789042914117
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The present volume, number VII in the series Groningen Studies in Cultural Change, offers a selection of papers presented at the International Conference 'Knowledge and Learning' held in November 2001 in Groningen. The first volume (number V in the series) is entitled Learned Antiquity: Scholarship and Society in the Near east, the Greco-Roman World, and the Early Medieval West, and has been edited by Alasdair A. MacDonald, Michael W. Twomey and Gerrit J. Reinink. The second (volume VI) bears the title Schooling and Scholarship: The Ordering and Reordering of Knowledge in the Western Middle Ages, and has been edited by Alasdair A. MacDonald and Michael W. Twomey. The papers in the present volume, Scholarly Environments: Centres of Learning and Institutional Contexts 1560-1960, written by scholars in such disciplines as science, education and cultural history, treat various matters concerning scholarship in the period from the Renaissance until the mid twentieth century.

Constructing Reformatory Identity

Author: Kaisa Vehkalahti
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039119134
Format: PDF, Docs
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By focusing on one particular re-education institution, this book offers a multifaceted analysis of practices of diagnosis and curing what was defined as -delinquency-, -criminality- or -disorderly behaviour- at the turn of the twentieth century. The study provides an important corrective to the existing accounts of re-education by proposing an approach in which institutional practices are analysed both from above and from below. The book draws attention to the process of reforming identities - the construction of reformatory identities - as the core of residential re-education. Special emphasis is placed on the interplay of notions of gender and social background. The book is based on extensive archival research drawing from a wide range of new and neglected sources. The primary material includes a unique collection of documents produced by the girls of the Vuorela State Reform School in Finland. Narrative analysis of correspondence, and careful scrutiny of the official sources created for re-educational purposes, form a basis for the investigation of the interaction between pupils' own self-expression and the aims of re-education in the construction of reformed identities. The practices developed in Finland are carefully contextualised in the European history of re-education."

Kindheiten in der Moderne

Author: Meike S. Baader
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593422980
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Seit der epochalen »Geschichte der Kindheit« (1960) des französischen Historikers Philippe Ariès ist keine umfassende Geschichte der Kindheit mehr erschienen, die zu internationalen Debatten geführt hat. Dieser Sammelband gibt Impulse, sich heute wieder mit diesem spannenden Thema zu befassen und der Geschichtsvergessenheit innovative Sichtweisen entgegenzusetzen. Chronologisch geordnete Einzelbeiträge erzählen, auf der Grundlage epochenspezifischer Zuordnungen und eingebettet in sozialhistorische Zusammenhänge, eine Geschichte der Kindheit unter dem Aspekt der sorgenden Verhältnisse von der frühen Neuzeit bis heute. Was bedeutete es etwa, wenn die Sorge um das spirituelle Heil von Kindern im Vordergrund stand? Wie wurde Kindheit im 18. Jahrhundert zur Familienkindheit? Welche Veränderungen brachten wohlfahrtsstaatliche Regelungen mit sich und welche Implikationen hatte eine wissenschaftliche Sicht auf das Kind? Was wissen wir über Kinder im Holocaust und wie gestalten sich Sorgeverhältnisse in einer globalisierten Welt?

Caring for the Heart

Author: W Bruce Fye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199982376
Format: PDF
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This groundbreaking book weaves together three important themes. It describes major developments in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in the twentieth century, explains how the Mayo Clinic evolved from a family practice in Minnesota into one of the world's leading medical centers, and reveals how the invention of new technologies and procedures promoted specialization among physicians and surgeons. Caring for the Heart is written for general readers as well as health care professionals, historians, and policy analysts. Unlike traditional institutional or disease-focused histories, this book places individuals and events in national and international contexts that emphasize the interplay of medical, scientific, technological, social, political, and economic forces that have resulted in contemporary heart care. Patient stories and media perspectives are included throughout to help general readers understand the medical and technological developments that are described. The book is a synthetic study, but it is written so that readers may pick and choose the chapters of most interest to them. Another feature of the book is that readers may follow the stories without looking at the notes. Those who are interested in delving deeper into the main topics will find a wealth of carefully chosen references that offer greater detail and additional perspectives. The descriptions and interpretations that fill the book benefit from the fact that the author has been a practicing cardiologist and medical historian for almost four decades. This is mainly a twentieth-century story, but it begins earlier--before there were physicians who were identified as cardiologists and at a time when medical specialization was just emerging in America. The final chapter, which addresses present-day concerns about health care costs, counterbalances earlier ones that might be read as celebrations of new technologies.

Gender Colonialism and Education

Author: Joyce Goodman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780713040463
Format: PDF
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An examination of the ways in which gender intersects with informal and formal education in England, Germany, Indonesia, South Africa, USA and the Netherlands. The book looks at various issues including: citizenship; authority; colonialism and education; and the construction of national identities.