Roots Of Religious Extremism The Understanding The Salafi Doctrine Of Al wala Wal Bara

Author: Bin Ali Mohamed
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783263946
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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One of the issues in contemporary Islamic thought which has attracted considerable attention amongst Muslim scholars and within the Muslim community is the valid and appropriate attitude of Muslims to relationships with non-Muslims. A major source of confusion and controversy with regards to this relationship comes from the allegation that Muslims must reserve their love and loyalty for fellow Muslims, and reject and declare war on the rest of humanity — most acutely seen through the Islamic concept of Al-Wala' wal Bara' (WB) translated as “Loyalty and Disavowal”, which appears to be central in the ideology of modern Salafism.This book investigates the dynamics and complexities of the concept of WB within modern Salafism and aims to understand the diverse interpretation of this concept; and how modern Salafis understand and apply the concept in contemporary religious, social and political settings. The book discovers that the complexities, diversities and disputes surrounding the concept in modern Salafism often revolve around issues of social, political and current realities.The significance of this book lies in the fact that comprehending modern Salafis' conception of WB, its realities and complexities has become an urgent priority in the lives of Muslims today.

The Roots of Religious Extremism

Author: Mohamed Bin Ali
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783263929
Format: PDF, ePub
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One of the issues in contemporary Islamic thought which has attracted considerable attention amongst Muslim scholars and within the Muslim community is the valid and appropriate attitude of Muslims to relationships with non-Muslims. A major source of confusion and controversy with regards to this relationship comes from the allegation that Muslims must reserve their love and loyalty for fellow Muslims, and reject and declare war on the rest of humanity -- most acutely seen through the Islamic concept of Al-Wala' wal Bara' (WB) translated as "Loyalty and Disavowal," which appears to be central in the ideology of modern Salafism. This book investigates the dynamics and complexities of the concept of WB within modern Salafism and aims to understand the diverse interpretation of this concept; and how modern Salafis understand and apply the concept in contemporary religious, social and political settings. The book discovers that the complexities, diversities and disputes surrounding the concept in modern Salafism often revolve around issues of social, political and current realities. The significance of this book lies in the fact that comprehending modern Salafis' conception of WB, its realities and complexities has become an urgent priority in the lives of Muslims today.

Countering Insurgencies and Violent Extremism in South and South East Asia

Author: Shanthie Mariet D'Souza
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429871473
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume of case studies examines the rise in violent extremism, terrorism and insurgency in South and South East Asia, and subsequent state responses. The South and South East of Asia has experienced various forms of extremism and violence for years, with a growing demand for academic or policy-relevant work that will enhance understanding of the reasons behind this. The violent challenges in this area have taken a variety of forms and are often exacerbated by lack of governance, tie-ins to existing regional criminal networks, colonial legacies and a presence of international terrorist movements. Written by experts with field experience, this volume analyzes the key element of successful response as the appropriate application of doctrine following nuanced assessment of threat. In practice, this often means counterinsurgency doctrine. The essays also analyze the need for irregular war practitioners to systematically examine the changing character of intrastate violent irregular challenges. The volume fills a gap in the understanding of patterns, drivers, organizations and ideologies of various insurgent and terrorist groups, and state responses. It also provides a set of recommendations for addressing the unfolding situation. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, counterinsurgency and counterterrorism, Asian politics and security studies in general.

Understanding The Lord s Resistance Army Insurgency

Author: Dolnik Adam
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1786341468
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Understanding the Lord's Resistance Army Insurgency provides a concise overview of the LRA, which has, for almost 30 years, conducted untold atrocities across the central African nations of Uganda, Southern Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. This book examines the LRA's emergence and evolution, the ideology, strategy and tactics behind it, motivational aspects of its recruitment, its engagement in peace processes, and a detailed description of leadership and group dynamics. This work is based on a wide range of written sources and extensive interviews with individuals intimately related to the group including top LRA commanders, government sources, victims, child soldiers, abductees and wives of Joseph Kony. Moving past stories of unimaginable brutality, forced recruitment, and the group's mystical belief system, the book provides a well-grounded analysis of the different stages of the LRA's development. It demonstrates how the group represents an obscure case study that challenges many of the common assumptions about the operational dynamics of terrorist organizations. Written to fill a gap in academia in relation to African- and Christianity-based terrorism, this book is suitable for students, researchers and practitioners in political sciences, war, conflict and terrorism studies, African politics and international relations and development.

The Father of Jihad

Author: Muhammad Haniff Hassan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783262907
Format: PDF
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This study revolves around the jihad ideas of 'Abd Allāh 'Azzām — an iconic figure in the study of militant jihad in the 20th century, history of Afghan jihad against the Soviet Union, Al-Qaeda and current threat of terrorism. This study has several objectives: to render an in-depth description of his ideas by way of a review of his writing, hitherto little referenced in the literature;to identify how these ideas have inspired so many to participate in militant jihad in the Soviet-Afghan war, and indeed elsewhere;to highlight the internal contradictions and inconsistencies in 'Azzām's ideas, and to juxtapose these ideas with contemporary jihadism;to identify specific aspects of 'Azzām's ideas in order to extract key lessons for counter-ideology work within the framework of counter-terrorism. The study concludes and makes three key arguments/observations on 'Azzām's jihad ideas; 'Azzām's success in mobilising Muslims for jihad in Afghanistan was not due to his jihad ideas alone, although they mattered to him and were important tools for mobilisation. The study identifies two other non-ideational structural factors that were critical in effecting his mobilisation;some aspects of 'Azzām's jihad ideas have serious implications on national security; some of 'Azzām's jihad ideas diverge from dominant ideas held by current jihadist groups like Al-Qaeda and these could potentially be used to counter contemporary jihad ideas and practices of jihadists. Contents:Jihad Ideas of 'Abd Allāh 'Azzām: Making the Case for a Case StudyShades of Jihad Ideas and Trail of Militant Viewpoint'Abd Allāh 'Azzām's Jihad IdeasFraming Jihad for MobilisationThe Implication of 'Azzām's Ideas for National Security'Azzām & Beyond: Insights for Current Counter-Jihadism Work Readership: Academicians, policymakers, intelligence and counter-terrorism professionals, security specialists. Key Features:First original in-depth study of 'Azzām's jihad ideas in English. 'Azzām is an interest to any researcher on jihadism and Al-QaedaRelevant to the current problem of countering jihadist terrorism. It offers suggestions for effective counter ideology against jihadismWill be of interest to researchers of social mobilization and framing theory because it uses framing theory to analyse 'Azzām's ideas. It will also appeal to policymakersKeywords:Abdullah 'Azzām;Jihad;Jihadism;Terrorism;National Security;Jihad Ideas;Jihad Strands;Countering Terrorism

Wars From Within

Author: Albrecht Schnabel
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783265590
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Wars from Within brings together an international and multidisciplinary group of academics and practitioner-researchers specializing in the study of insurgent movements in order to provide a deeper understanding of the violent manifestations of insurgencies in different parts of the world. In doing so, the book adopts both a functional and regional approach. Firstly, thematic chapters discuss the typology of insurgencies (ethnopolitical, religious and ideological), past and potential responses to them, as well as the impact of advance communication technology on insurgent activity. The book then presents a series of case studies assessing the successes and failures of managing contemporary insurgencies. These are drawn from European, Asian and Middle Eastern insurgencies, as well as the global al-Qaeda network that typifies the post-9/11 challenge posed by internationally operating terrorist organizations. The case studies highlight factors and conditions that trigger, escalate, de-escalate and ultimately end insurgent campaigns. The book concludes with an assessment of how the international community at large has responded and should respond to insurgencies in the future. Contents:The Challenge of Contemporary Insurgencies (Rohan Gunaratna and Albrecht Schnabel)Classification of Insurgencies:Ethnic Terrorism and Insurgencies (Dennis A Pluchinsky)Religious Insurgencies (Angus Muir)Ideological Insurgencies (N T Anders Strindberg)The Internet — A Force Multiplier for Modern Insurgencies (E Kweilen Kimmelman)Insurgencies in Europe, Asia and the Middle East: Experiences, Lessons and Recommendations:Insurgencies in the Balkans: Albanian Liberation Armies (Agon Demjaha and Lulzim Peci)India — The Defeat of Religious Extremist Terror in Punjab (K P S Gill and Ajai Sahni)Conflict to Co-option? Experiences of Dealing with the Insurgencies in India's Northeast (Ajay Darshan Behera)The Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka (D R Kaarthikeyan)Democratization versus Violence — Terrorist and Insurgent Challenges to Indonesia (Tom Farrell)Hezbollah (Shaul Shay)Al-Qaeda al-Jihad — A Global Insurgency in the Early 21st Century (Rohan Gunaratna)Conclusion:Meeting the Challenge of Contemporary Insurgencies (Albrecht Schnabel and Rohan Gunaratna) Readership: Researchers, policymakers and academics studying the causes and effects of terrorism and insurgencies. Key Features:Several case studies on insurgency included in this bookDiscusses the prevention of and responses to acts of terrorism and insurgencyKeywords:Ethnic Terrorism;Religious Insurgencies;Ideological Insurgencies;Tamil Tigers;Al-Qaeda;The Hezbollah;Albanian Liberation Armies

Das Narrativ von der Wiederkehr der Religion

Author: Holger Zapf
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658184515
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Der Band thematisiert die gesellschaftliche Rolle der Religion, die heute grundsätzlich unter widersprüchlichen Vorzeichen steht: Einerseits hält sich nach wie vor die Vorstellung vom Siegeszug der Säkularisierung, der zufolge die Bedeutung von Religion für die Gesellschaft insgesamt abnimmt. Andererseits wird behauptet, dass die Säkularisierung ein Mythos ist, der sich einer notorischen Unterschätzung der Beharrungs- und Wandlungsfähigkeit von Religion verdankt. In diesem Spannungsfeld verorten und diskutieren die Beiträge das omnipräsente Narrativ von der Wiederkehr der Religion unter theoretischen und empirischen Gesichtspunkten.

Der neue Terrorismus

Author: Stefan Goertz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658188146
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Dieses Buch behandelt die Interaktion, Kooperation und Fusion von neuen Akteuren, Strategien, Taktiken und Mitteln des islamistischen Terrorismus und der transnationalen organisierten Kriminalität. Diese müssen als vitale Bedrohungen sowohl für die demokratische, westliche Welt als auch für die human security in Konfliktregionen analysiert werden. Die asymmetrische Bedrohung durch den neuen Terrorismus, den internationalen Jihadismus des 21. Jahrhunderts, kennt weder nationale noch internationale rechtlicheGrenzen und stellt die Gesellschaft, die politischen Akteure sowie die Sicherheitsbehörden vor bisher ungekannte Herausforderungen. In der Konsequenz ist die Sicherheitsarchitektur westlicher, demokratischer Staaten – aufgrund ihrer Trennung von äußerer und innerer Sicherheit – durch die neuen Hybridakteure besonders herausgefordert und die Gewährleistung ihrer Aufgaben gefährdet.