The Rule of the Clan

Author: Mark S. Weiner
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1466836385
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A revealing look at the role kin-based societies have played throughout history and around the world A lively, wide-ranging meditation on human development that offers surprising lessons for the future of modern individualism, The Rule of the Clan examines the constitutional principles and cultural institutions of kin-based societies, from medieval Iceland to modern Pakistan. Mark S. Weiner, an expert in constitutional law and legal history, shows us that true individual freedom depends on the existence of a robust state dedicated to the public interest. In the absence of a healthy state, he explains, humans naturally tend to create legal structures centered not on individuals but rather on extended family groups. The modern liberal state makes individualism possible by keeping this powerful drive in check—and we ignore the continuing threat to liberal values and institutions at our peril. At the same time, for modern individualism to survive, liberals must also acknowledge the profound social and psychological benefits the rule of the clan provides and recognize the loss humanity sustains in its transition to modernity. Masterfully argued and filled with rich historical detail, Weiner's investigation speaks both to modern liberal societies and to developing nations riven by "clannism," including Muslim societies in the wake of the Arab Spring.

The Rule of the Clan

Author: Mark S. Weiner
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0374252815
Format: PDF
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Reveals the importance of a robust state dedicated to public interest and private freedom, explaining how compromises in liberal laws favor the interests of extended family groups.

Political Culture and the Making of Modern Nation States

Author: Edward Weisband
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317254104
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book focuses on transformations of political culture from times past to future-present. It defines the meaning of political culture and explores the cultural values and institutions of kinship communities and dynastic intermediaries, including chiefdoms and early states. It systematically examines the rise and gradual universalization of modern sovereign nation-states. Contemporary debates concerning nationality, nationalism, citizenship, and hyphenated identities are engaged. The authors recount the making of political culture in the American nation-state and look at the processes of internal colonialism in the American experience, examining how major ethnic, sectarian, racial, and other distinctions arose and congealed into social and cultural categories. The book concludes with a study of the Holocaust, genocide, crimes against humanity, and the political cultures of violation in post-colonial Rwanda and in racialized ethno-political conflicts in various parts of the world. Struggles over legitimacy in nation-building and state-building are at the heart of this new take on the important role of political culture.

Roots of the Western Tradition

Author: Guy Rogers
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780073406947
Format: PDF, ePub
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This brief, chronological survey provides students with an introduction to the histories of the Near East, Greece, and Rome from roughly 3000 B.C. until A.D. 500. Succinct enough to be used with supplements, the coverage is carefully balanced between narrative and interpretation, highlighting historians' varying viewpoints on issues of the past. Throughout, special attention is paid to connections between the cultures of the Near East including Mesopotamia and Egypt and Graeco-Roman civilization. This 8th edition has been thoroughly updated to include the latest scholarship on the ancient western world, as well as new timelines and pedagogical enhancements to assist students in their study.

Counter Terrorism

Author: Ajit Maan
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761864997
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Counter-Terrorism makes a connection, unique to terrorism studies, between the mechanisms of colonizing narratives and psychological warfare aimed at recruitment. There is an urgent need to understand the narrative tactics of terrorist recruitment and an equal if not greater need to destabilize and exploit the weaknesses of those narratives.

The Wretched of the Earth

Author: Frantz Fanon
Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
ISBN: 9780802198853
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

Navigating the Research University A Guide for First Year Students

Author: Britt Andreatta
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495913782
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Full of practical tips and tools and useful personal advice, NAVIGATING THE RESEARCH UNIVERSITY: A GUIDE FOR FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS, 3E, provides students with a comprehensive introduction to education at a research institution. While orientation sessions and other first-year programs are designed to orient students to the many aspects of university life, this text helps them navigate the university on a daily basis. Suitable for first-year experience courses, orientation, or first-year seminars, the text is designed to support students at a broad range of research universities and gives you the flexibility to easily incorporate unique features of your own institution. Britt Andreatta helps students understand research, the role it plays in the university, and the basic methodologies used in a variety of disciplines. Andreatta also guides students in developing the skills necessary for achieving academic success, including critical thinking, thoughtful analysis, and effective writing. In addition, the text includes valuable insights into the personal and working issues students may encounter as new and aspiring members of a community of scholars. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465093566
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Racism

Author: George M. Fredrickson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400873673
Format: PDF
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Are antisemitism and white supremacy manifestations of a general phenomenon? Why didn't racism appear in Europe before the fourteenth century, and why did it flourish as never before in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries? Why did the twentieth century see institutionalized racism in its most extreme forms? Why are egalitarian societies particularly susceptible to virulent racism? What do apartheid South Africa, Nazi Germany, and the American South under Jim Crow have in common? How did the Holocaust advance civil rights in the United States? With a rare blend of learning, economy, and cutting insight, George Fredrickson surveys the history of Western racism from its emergence in the late Middle Ages to the present. Beginning with the medieval antisemitism that put Jews beyond the pale of humanity, he traces the spread of racist thinking in the wake of European expansionism and the beginnings of the African slave trade. And he examines how the Enlightenment and nineteenth-century romantic nationalism created a new intellectual context for debates over slavery and Jewish emancipation. Fredrickson then makes the first sustained comparison between the color-coded racism of nineteenth-century America and the antisemitic racism that appeared in Germany around the same time. He finds similarity enough to justify the common label but also major differences in the nature and functions of the stereotypes invoked. The book concludes with a provocative account of the rise and decline of the twentieth century's overtly racist regimes--the Jim Crow South, Nazi Germany, and apartheid South Africa--in the context of world historical developments. This illuminating work is the first to treat racism across such a sweep of history and geography. It is distinguished not only by its original comparison of modern racism's two most significant varieties--white supremacy and antisemitism--but also by its eminent readability.

The Division of Labor in Society

Author: Emile Durkheim
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439118248
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Revised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader. When it was originally published, The Division of Labor in Society was an entirely original work on the nature of labor and production as they were being shaped by the industrial revolution. Emile Durkheim’s seminal work studies the nature of social solidarity and explores the ties that bind one person to the next in order to hold society together. This revised and updated second edition fluently conveys Durkheim’s arguments for contemporary readers. Leading Durkheim scholar Steve Lukes’s new introduction builds upon Lewis Coser’s original—which places the work in its intellectual and historical context and pinpoints its central ideas and arguments. Lukes explains the text’s continued significance as a tool to think about and deal with problems that face us today. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. The Division of Labor in Society is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.