The Scientific Achievement of the Middle Ages

Author: Richard C. Dales
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812292286
Format: PDF, Docs
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The scientists of the twelfth century were daring, original, inventive, and above all determined to discover purely rational explanations of natural phenomena. Their intense interest in the natural world for its own sake, their habits of precise observation, and the high value they place on man as a rational being portend a new age in the history of scientific thought. This book offers a comprehensive sampling of medieval scientific thought in the context of an historical narrative.

Magic in the Middle Ages

Author: Richard Kieckhefer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107431824
Format: PDF, ePub
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A fascinating study of natural and demonic magic within the broad context of medieval culture.

The Genesis of Science

Author: James Hannam
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1596982055
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Not-So-Dark Dark Ages What they forgot to teach you in school: People in the Middle Ages did not think the world was flat The Inquisition never executed anyone because of their scientific ideologies It was medieval scientific discoveries, including various methods, that made possible Western civilization’s “Scientific Revolution” As a physicist and historian of science James Hannam debunks myths of the Middle Ages in his brilliant book The Genesis of Science: How the Christian Middle Ages Launched the Scientific Revolution. Without the medieval scholars, there would be no modern science. Discover the Dark Ages and their inventions, research methods, and what conclusions they actually made about the shape of the world.

Science and Technology in the Middle Ages

Author: Joanne Findon
Publisher: Crabtree Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780778713548
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Examines the efforts of people in the Middle Ages to apply the underlying principles of nature to such endeavors as making weapons, building homes, weaving cloth, and keeping time.

Mythology in the Middle Ages

Author: Christopher R. Fee
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275984060
Format: PDF
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An examination of the greatest heroes of medieval literature looks at a variety of themes and motifs to discover common threads in medieval mythic, legendary, and folkloric traditions.

Witchcraft and Magic in the Nordic Middle Ages

Author: Stephen A. Mitchell
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812203714
Format: PDF, Docs
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Stephen A. Mitchell here offers the fullest examination available of witchcraft in late medieval Scandinavia. He focuses on those people believed to be able—and who in some instances thought themselves able—to manipulate the world around them through magical practices, and on the responses to these beliefs in the legal, literary, and popular cultures of the Nordic Middle Ages. His sources range from the Icelandic sagas to cultural monuments much less familiar to the nonspecialist, including legal cases, church art, law codes, ecclesiastical records, and runic spells. Mitchell's starting point is the year 1100, by which time Christianity was well established in elite circles throughout Scandinavia, even as some pre-Christian practices and beliefs persisted in various forms. The book's endpoint coincides with the coming of the Reformation and the onset of the early modern Scandinavian witch hunts. The terrain covered is complex, home to the Germanic Scandinavians as well as their non-Indo-European neighbors, the Sámi and Finns, and it encompasses such diverse areas as the important trade cities of Copenhagen, Bergen, and Stockholm, with their large foreign populations; the rural hinterlands; and the insular outposts of Iceland and Greenland. By examining witches, wizards, and seeresses in literature, lore, and law, as well as surviving charm magic directed toward love, prophecy, health, and weather, Mitchell provides a portrait of both the practitioners of medieval Nordic magic and its performance. With an understanding of mythology as a living system of cultural signs (not just ancient sacred narratives), this study also focuses on such powerful evolving myths as those of "the milk-stealing witch," the diabolical pact, and the witches' journey to Blåkulla. Court cases involving witchcraft, charm magic, and apostasy demonstrate that witchcraft ideologies played a key role in conceptualizing gender and were themselves an important means of exercising social control.

The Scholastic Culture of the Middle Ages 1000 1300

Author: John W. Baldwin
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478607904
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now available from Waveland Press, this highly regarded book seeks to unify medieval culture by emphasizing its common institutions. The controlling theme is scholastic. Defined in a technical sense, it is simply that manner of thinking, teaching, and writing devised in and characteristic of the medieval schools. From the Preface: Unity of theme can best be achieved by ignoring what is irrelevant. To concentrate my efforts, I have limited attention chronologically to the eleventh through the thirteenth centuries and geographically to France and Italy, when and where, I believe, scholastic culture attained its apogee.

The Middle Ages

Author: Johannes Fried
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674744675
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Johannes Fried gives us a Middle Ages full of people encountering the unfamiliar, grappling with new ideas, redefining power, and interacting with different societies—an era characterized by continuities and discontinuities, the vibrant expansion of knowledge, and an understanding of the growing complexity of the world.