As Time Goes by

Author: Christopher Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199241074
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"This is a well-informed, highly topical, and persuasive study of interest across all the social sciences."--Jacket.

Before the Industrial Revolution

Author: Carlo M. Cipolla
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134877498
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

A Farewell to Alms

Author: Gregory Clark
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400827817
Format: PDF, ePub
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Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood.

The Unbound Prometheus

Author: David S. Landes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521534024
Format: PDF
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For over thirty years David S. Landes's The Unbound Prometheus has offered an unrivalled history of industrial revolution and economic development in Europe. Now, in this updated edition, the author reframes and reasserts his original arguments in the light of debates about globalisation and comparative economic growth. The book begins with a classic account of the characteristics, progress, and political, economic and social implications of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, France and Germany. Professor Landes here raises the much-debated question: why was Europe the first to industrialise? He then charts the economic history of the twentieth-century: the effect of the First World War in accelerating the dissolution of the old international economy; the economic crisis of 1929–32; Europe's recovery and unprecedented economic growth following the Second World War. He concludes that only by continuous industrial revolution can Europe and the world sustain itself in the years ahead.

Energy and the English Industrial Revolution

Author: E. A. Wrigley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521766931
Format: PDF
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Explains how new sources of energy increased productivity, thereby transforming industry and changing England permanently and fundamentally.

The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective

Author: Robert C. Allen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521687850
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Why did the industrial revolution take place in eighteenth-century Britain and not elsewhere in Europe or Asia? In this convincing new account Robert Allen argues that the British industrial revolution was a successful response to the global economy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He shows that in Britain wages were high and capital and energy cheap in comparison to other countries in Europe and Asia. As a result, the breakthrough technologies of the industrial revolution - the steam engine, the cotton mill, and the substitution of coal for wood in metal production - were uniquely profitable to invent and use in Britain. The high wage economy of pre-industrial Britain also fostered industrial development since more people could afford schooling and apprenticeships. It was only when British engineers made these new technologies more cost-effective during the nineteenth century that the industrial revolution would spread around the world.

The Long Road to the Industrial Revolution

Author: J. L. Van Zanden
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004175172
Format: PDF, Docs
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‘The Long Road to the Industrial Revolution’ offers a new explanation of the origins of the industrial revolution in Western Europe by placing development in Europe within a global perspective. It focuses on its specific institutional and demographic development since the late Middle Ages, and on the important role played by human capital formation

Global Economic History A Very Short Introduction

Author: Robert C. Allen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199596654
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The gap between the rich and the poor can be vast. Robert C. Allen considers the main factors that contribute to this gap, looking at the interconnections between economic growth, culture, technology, and income distribution. Exploring the historical processes that have created the unequal world of today, he takes a global look at wealth worldwide.