The Scientific Credibility of Folk Psychology

Author: Garth J.O. Fletcher
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134787014
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The examination and evaluation of folk psychology and lay cognition has been carried out predominantly in two domains: personality and social psychology, and the philosophy of psychology. Yet, work in these two areas has largely proceeded independently. The assumption on which this volume is founded is that a proper comparison between scientific cognition and folk ways of thought rests on an adequate study of both science and folk psychology. With this in mind, the author provides an analysis of the intricate, and often hidden, links between these two spheres. In doing so, the book poses two related questions. First, what is the nature of folk psychology and how is it related to scientific psychology? Second, of what should the relationship between folk psychology and scientific psychology consist? In answering these two questions, the author draws extensively from research and arguments in social psychology and social cognition, cognitive science, and the philosophy of science. The interdisciplinary approach gives the book a unique perspective that will be of interest to scholars working in social psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy of science. Written in a concise and accessible style, this volume is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students as well as a general psychological audience.

Method Matters in Psychology

Author: Brian D. Haig
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030010511
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This book applies a range of ideas about scientific discovery found in contemporary philosophy of science to psychology and related behavioral sciences. In doing so, it aims to advance our understanding of a host of important methodological ideas as they apply to those sciences. A philosophy of local scientific realism is adopted in favor of traditional accounts that are thought to apply to all sciences. As part of this philosophy, the implications of a commitment to philosophical naturalism are spelt out, and a correspondence theory of truth is defended by showing how it helps explain various features of scientific practice. The central chapter of the book presents a broad theory of scientific method that comprises the detection of empirical phenomena and their subsequent understanding by constructing explanatory theories through the use of abductive methods. This theory of scientific method is then used as a framework to reconstruct the well-known qualitative method of grounded theory, and to present a systematic perspective on clinical reasoning and case formulation. Relatedly, an abductive or explanationist understanding of methods is employed to evaluate the knowledge credentials of evolutionary psychology. In addition, the conceptual and methodological foundations of a variety of quantitative methods are examined. Exploratory factor analysis and tests of statistical significance are given special attention.

Re examining Psychology

Author: Len T. Holdstock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134660421
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Social Psychology

Author: Robbie Sutton
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137299681
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Have you ever wondered why some people are attracted to each other? Or why some of your friends are more open to persuasion than others? Perhaps you've always wanted to know how to tell if someone is lying to you? Social Psychology is a dynamic new textbook that captures the vitality of the discipline and its relevance to everyday life, helping you to answer questions such as these. With its distinctive coverage of classic concepts as well as emerging areas, this is the definitive introduction to social psychology. Furthermore, innovative feature boxes and fascinating real-life examples will help you develop a range of skills that will be relevant to your future career. Social Psychology: takes an inclusive and open-minded look at key topics, incorporating a range of different viewpoints that are essential to understanding the discipline in the 21st century is written with a broad international perspective, covering classic and contemporary research from all parts of the world includes a variety of novel and lively features, including: 'blind spots in social psychology', 'student project' features, and 'try it yourself' exercises provides a chapter dedicated to the lessons and skills that can be learned from the study of social psychology and how you can apply these to your future studies and career. Social Psychology comes with a companion website at www.palgrave.com/psychology/suttondouglas where students and lecturers can find a host of high-quality supporting materials.

Contextualism in Psychological Research

Author: E. J. Capaldi
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Providing a critical evaluation of the assets and limitations of contextualism for doing research in psychology and education, the authors compare contextualism, modified contextualism and mechanism as approaches to doing science, as well as their merits in studying closed versus open systems.

The New Science of Intimate Relationships

Author: Garth J. O. Fletcher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047077519X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Written by one of the world's leading authorities on close relationships, this accessible study is one of the first to look seriously at what science can tell us about love, sex and friendship.

A brief introduction to the philosophy of mind

Author: Jack S. Crumley
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780742544956
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Crumley introduces four core areas in contemporary philosophy of the mind: the mind/body problem, mental content (intentionality), mental causation, and the nature of consciousness. The book is distinctive in its further coverage of such fascinating topics as the nature of mental images, theories of concepts, and whether or not computers can think.

Folk Psychological Narratives

Author: Daniel D. Hutto
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN:
Format: PDF
Download Now
Established wisdom in cognitive science holds that the everyday folk psychological abilities of humans -- our capacity to understand intentional actions performed for reasons -- are inherited from our evolutionary forebears. In Folk Psychological Narratives, Daniel Hutto challenges this view (held in somewhat different forms by the two dominant approaches, "theory theory" and simulation theory) and argues for the sociocultural basis of this familiar ability. He makes a detailed case for the idea that the way we make sense of intentional actions essentially involves the construction of narratives about particular persons. Moreover he argues that children acquire this practical skill only by being exposed to and engaging in a distinctive kind of narrative practice. Hutto calls this developmental proposal the narrative practice hypothesis (NPH). Its core claim is that direct encounters with stories about persons who act for reasons (that is, folk psychological narratives) supply children with both the basic structure of folk psychology and the norm-governed possibilities for wielding it in practice. In making a strong case for the as yet underexamined idea that our understanding of reasons may be socioculturally grounded, Hutto not only advances and explicates the claims of the NPH, but he also challenges certain widely held assumptions. In this way, Folk Psychological Narratives both clears conceptual space around the dominant approaches for an alternative and offers a groundbreaking proposal.

Social Relationships

Author: Joseph P. Forgas
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781841697154
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Human beings are an intrinsically gregarious species - our personal relationships are of immense interest to us and are a key factor in achieving happiness and well being. From the moment of birth, humans crave love and intimacy and we devote much energy to creating and maintaining successful personal relationships throughout our personal and our working lives. However, modern industrialized societies present a particularly challenging environment for sustaining rewarding personal relationships. Understanding how people initiate, develop, maintain, and terminate relationships is one of the core issues in psychology, and the subject matter of this book. Contributors to this volume are all leading researchers in relationship science, and they seek here to explore and integrate the subtle influence that evolutionary, socio-cultural, and intra-psychic (cognitive, affective and motivational) variables play in relationship processes. In addition to discussing the latest advances in areas of relationship research, they also advocate an expanded theoretical approach that incorporates many of the insights gained from evolutionary psychology, social cognition, and research on affect and motivation. The contributions should be highly relevant to researchers, teachers, students, laypersons and to everyone who is interested in the subtleties of human relationships. The book is also highly recommended to clinical, health, and relationship professionals who deal with relationship issues in their daily work.