The Secret Anglo French War in the Middle East

Author: Meir Zamir
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131765739X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The role of intelligence in colonialism and decolonization is a rapidly expanding field of study. The premise of The Secret Anglo-French War in the Middle East is that intelligence statecraft is the "missing dimension" in the established historiography of the Middle East during and after World War II. Arguing that intelligence, especially covert political action and clandestine diplomacy, played a key role in Britain's Middle East policy, this book examines new archival sources in order to demonstrate that despite World War II and the Cold War, the traditional rivalry between Britain and France in the Middle East continued unabated, assuming the form of a little-known secret war. This shadow war strongly influenced decolonization of the region as each Power sought to undermine the other; Britain exploited France's defeat to evict it from its mandated territories in Syria and Lebanon and incorporate them in its own sphere of influence; whilst France’s successful use of intelligence enabled it to undermine Britain's position in Palestine, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Shedding new light on the clandestine Franco-Zionist collaboration against Britain in the Middle East and the role of the British secret services in the 1948 Arab-Jewish war in Palestine, this book, which presents close to 400 secret Syrian and British documents obtained by the French intelligence, is essential reading for scholars with an interest in the political history of the region, inter-Arab and international relations, and intelligence studies.

A Line in the Sand

Author: James Barr
Publisher: W. W. Norton
ISBN: 9780393344257
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Uses recently declassified French and British government documents to describe how the two countries secretly divided the Middle East during World War I and the effect these mandates had on local Arabs and Jews.

The Secret War for the Middle East

Author: Youssef Aboul-Enein
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612513360
Format: PDF
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It can be argued that the Middle East during the World War II has been regarded as that conflict’s most overlooked theater of operations. Though the threat of direct Axis invasion never materialized beyond the Egyptian Western Desert with Rommel’s Afrika Korps, this did not limit the Axis from probing the Middle East and cultivating potential collaborators and sympathizers. These actions left an indelible mark in the socio-political evolution of the modern states of the Middle East. This book explores the infusion of the political language of anti-Semitism, nationalism, fascism, and Marxism that were among the ideological byproducts of Axis and Allied intervention in the Arab world. The status of British-dominated Middle East was tailor-made for exploitation by Axis intelligence and propaganda. German and Italian intelligence efforts fueled anti-British resentments; their influence shaped the course of Arab nationalist sentiments throughout the Middle East. A relevant parallel to the pan-Arab cause was Hitler’s attempt to bring ethnic Germans into the fold of a greater German state. In theory, as the Sudeten German stood on par with the Carpathian German, so too, according to doctrinal theory, did the Yemeni stand in union with the Syrian in the imagination of those espousing pan-Arabism. As historic evidence demonstrates, this very commonality proved to be a major factor in the development of relations between Arab and Fascist leaders. The Arab nationalist movement amounted to nothing more than a shapeless, fragmented, counter position to British imperialism, imported to the Arab East via Berlin for Nazi aspirations.

Die Araber

Author: Eugene L. Rogan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783549074251
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.

The First World War in the Middle East

Author: Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
Publisher: Hurst
ISBN: 1849045046
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The First World War in the Middle East is an accessibly written military and social history of the clash of world empires in the Dardanelles, Egypt and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Persia and the Caucasus. Coates Ulrichsen demonstrates how wartime exigencies shaped the parameters of the modern Middle East, and describes and assesses the major campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Germany involving British and imperial troops from the French and Russian Empires, as well as their Arab and Armenian allies. Also documented are the enormous logistical demands placed on host societies by the Great Powers' conduct of industrialised warfare in hostile terrain. The resulting deepening of imperial penetration, and the extension of state controls across a heterogeneous sprawl of territories, generated a powerful backlash both during and immediately after the war, which played a pivotal role in shaping national identities as the Ottoman Empire was dismembered. This is a multidimensional account of the many seemingly discrete yet interlinked campaigns that resulted in one to one and a half million casualties. It details not just their military outcome but relates them to intelligence-gathering, industrial organisation, authoritarianism and the political economy of empires at war.

The 1956 War

Author: David Tal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135224986
Format: PDF, ePub
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Recently declassified documents and new scholarship have prompted this reassessment of the collusion between Israel, France and England which drove the 1956 War. International aspects, Israeli involvement, the plot which sparked off hostilities, and the Egyptian losses and gains are analyzed.

Secret War in the Middle East

Author: Andrew Rathmell
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Covert action and terrorism have played major roles in the politics of the Middle East. It is impossible to comprehend the intricacies of regional politics without an understanding of the covert machinations that lie beneath the surface. This pioneering work is an in-depth study of the role of covert action in Syrian politics and foreign relations between 1949 and 1961. Topics covered include the role of foreign governments in manipulating Syria's numerous military coups starting with Husni al-Za'im's in 1949; the covert struggle to remove Adib al-Shishakli which culminated in his overthrow in 1954; the conflicts in the late 1950s between Syrian politicians and officers that dragged in the spymasters of the United States, Britain, the USSR, France, Iraq and Saudi Arabia; the consolidation of power in Syria by security chief Abd al-Hamid Sarraj and his covert battles with Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq from 1957 onwards. Throughout the book, particular attention is paid to the role of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party.

Mitternacht im Pera Palace

Author: Charles King
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843711224
Format: PDF, ePub
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WORUM GEHT ES? »Mitternacht im Pera Palace« erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte des Aufbruchs Istanbuls in die Moderne zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Schauplatz der rasanten Entwicklung ist das elegante Hotel Pera Palace, dessen Gäste Geschichte schrieben: Von Agatha Christie über Atatürk und Trotzki bis zu Geheimagenten aller Länder checkte ein, wer den Lauf der Welt veränderte. Ein wunderbar stimmungsvolles Porträt Istanbuls von den »Swinging Twenties« bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs. WAS IST BESONDERS? Istanbuls Aufbruch in die Moderne, mitreißend erzählt vor dem Panorama europäischer Geschichte, am Beispiel eines Grand Hotels und seiner illustren Gäste. WER LIEST? • Alle Istanbul-Fans und die, die es noch werden wollen • Leser von Geert Mak, David Abulafia und Karl Schlögel • Jeder, der kulturhistorisch interessiert ist