The Selfish Altruist

Author: Tony Vaux
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781849774307
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Provides an analysis of some of the most traumatic situations involving famine and war of the last two decades, helping us to understand what it takes to be an aid worker and how important humanitarian action is today. Famine and war evoke strong emotional reactions, and for most people there is a limited amount they can do. But the relief worker has to convert emotional responses into practical action and difficult choices - whom to help and how. Their own feelings have to motivate action for others. But can they separate out their own selfish feelings and prejudices in such an emotive climate? How do they avoid being partial among those they are helping? Are they motivated by altruistic concern, or the power they experience or the attention they receive? Tony Vaux brings over 20 years experience as one of Oxfam's leading emergency managers to the exploration of the conflicts between subjective impulses and objective judgements and the dilemmas relief workers contend with.

Human Rights and Refugees Internally Displaced Persons and Migrant Workers

Author: Anne Fruma Bayefsky
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004144838
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Examines the major issues in the field today: the theoretical challenges of international protection; lessons learned from the field including Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan; jurisprudential responses from courts; due process issues from Europe, Canada and the United States, and the special needs of migrant workers.

Humanitarianism in Question

Author: Michael Barnett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465087
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Edinburgh Companion to Twentieth Century British and American War Literature

Author: Adam Piette
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748653937
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The first reference book to deal so fully and incisively with the cultural representations of war in 20th-century English and US literature and film. The volume covers the two World Wars as well as specific conflicts that generated literary and imaginativ

The Ethics of Tourism Development

Author: Rosaleen Duffy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134500114
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Drawing upon a variety of important philosophical traditions, this book develops an original perspective on the relations between ethical, economic and aesthetic values in a tourism context. It considers the ethical/political issues arising in many areas of tourism development, including: the profound cultural and environmental impacts on tourist destinations the reciprocity (or lack of) in host-guest relations the (un)fair distribution of benefits and revenues the moral implications of issues such as sex tourism, staged authenticity and travel to oppressive regimes. The book concludes with a detailed investigation of the potential and pitfalls of ecotourism, sustainable tourism and community-based tourism, as examples of what is sometimes termed 'ethical tourism.' Until now, the ethical issues that surround tourism development have received little academic attention. Explaining philosophical arguments without the use of excessive jargon, this fascinating book interweaves theory and practice, aided by the use of text boxes to explain key terms in ethics, politics, and tourism development, and drawing on contemporary case studies from South Africa, Mexico, Zambia, Honduras, Ethiopia and Madagascar.

Language Rights

Author: V. Pupavac
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137284048
Format: PDF
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Exploring language rights politics in theoretical, historical and international context, this book brings together debates from law, sociolinguistics, international politics, and the history of ideas. The author argues that international language rights advocacy supports global governance of language and questions freedoms of speech and expression.

Trumped Up Aid and the Challenge of Global Poverty

Author: Tony Vaux
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781975737009
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The number of extremely poor people in the world has reduced over the last decades but this not because of international aid. In some cases, aid has made matters worse. Even in the case of disasters, aid agencies get the attention of the media but the real work is usually done by local people and national governments. Aid agencies exaggerate their successes because aid is a fiercely competitive business. The agencies have become dependent on money from their governments and at the same time their governments have become more focused on 'global security' and trade rather than poverty. Aid provides a convenient 'slush fund' for governments. The aid agencies never criticize them and they get praise from celebrities. But closer analysis reveals that aid has not done much to address extreme poverty and aid agencies do not always tell the truth. Tony Vaux has spent over forty years working for aid organizations including Oxfam, UN organizations and the UK aid department. He draws on personal experience and unpublished reports to argue that aid has had its day and should now be replaced by something more like a global welfare state, assuring a minimum income for the poorest people. Although aid agencies are likely to resist such a call, the global order is changing. President Trump's retreat into American isolation may be useful if it allows space for the governments of poorer countries to take responsibility for the next steps in eradicating extreme poverty. But international intervention may still be needed in the extreme cases of irresponsible governments, such as Syria and South Sudan. Western people may need to show more willingness to take risks in these extreme situations.

Civil war civil peace

Author: Joseph Hanlon
Publisher: James Currey
ISBN: 9780852558959
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Aimed at practitioners and policy-makers, this book shows how post-conflict interventions can be improved.


Author: Binalakshmi Nepram
ISBN: 9788185870403
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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