The Social Construction of Literacy

Author: Jenny Cook-Gumperz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455613
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Literacy - the ability to produce and interpret written text - has long been viewed as the basis of all school achievement; a measure of success that defines both an 'educated' person, and an educable one. In this volume, a team of leading experts raise questions central to the acquisition of literacy. Why do children with similar classroom experiences show different levels of educational achievement? And why do these differences in literacy, and ultimately employability, persist? By looking critically at the western view of a 'literate' person, the authors present a perspective on literary acquisition, viewing it as a socially constructed skill, whereby children must acquire discourse strategies that are socially 'approved'. This extensively-revised second edition contains an updated introduction and bibliography. This volume will continue to have far-reaching implications for educational theory and practice.

Discourse Analysis and the Study of Classroom Language and Literacy Events

Author: David Bloome
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135615608
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The authors present a social linguistic/social interactional approach to the discourse analysis of classroom language and literacy events. Building on recent theories in interactional sociolinguistics, literary theory, social anthropology, critical discourse analysis, and the New Literacy Studies, they describe a microethnographic approach to discourse analysis that provides a reflexive and recursive research process that continually questions what counts as knowledge in and of the interactions among teachers and students. The approach combines attention to how people use language and other systems of communication in constructing classroom events with attention to social, cultural, and political processes. The focus of attention is on actual people acting and reacting to each other, creating and recreating the worlds in which they live. One contribution of the microethnographic approach is to highlight the conception of people as complex, multi-dimensional actors who together use what is given by culture, language, social, and economic capital to create new meanings, social relationships and possibilities, and to recreate culture and language. The approach presented by the authors does not separate methodological, theoretical, and epistemological issues. Instead, they argue that research always involves a dialectical relationship among the object of the research, the theoretical frameworks and methodologies driving the research, and the situations within which the research is being conducted. Discourse Analysis and the Study of Classroom Language and Literacy Events: A Microethnographic Perspective: *introduces key constructs and the intellectual and disciplinary foundations of the microethnographic approach; *addresses the use of this approach to gain insight into three often discussed issues in research on classroom literacy events--classroom literacy events as cultural action, the social construction of identity, and power relations in and through classroom literacy events; *presents transcripts of classroom literacy events to illustrate how theoretical constructs, the research issue, the research site, methods, research techniques, and previous studies of discourse analysis come together to constitute a discourse analysis; and *discusses the complexity of "locating" microethnographic discourse analysis studies within the field of literacy studies and within broader intellectual movements. This volume is of broad interest and will be widely welcomed by scholars and students in the field language and literacy studies, educational researchers focusing on analysis of classroom discourse, educational sociolinguists, and sociologists and anthropologists focusing on face-to-face interaction and language use.

Teen Pregnancy and Parenting

Author: David Checkland
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802080707
Format: PDF
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Nine original essays explore the many factors affecting how Canadian society responds to, and creates, the phenomenon of teen parenting. A challenges to assumptions about the circumstances, consequences and experience of teen parenting.

Context Counts

Author: Robin Tolmach Lakoff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190652586
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Context Counts assembles, for the first time, the work of pre-eminent linguist Robin Tolmach Lakoff. A career that spans some forty years, Lakoff remains one of the most influential linguists of the 20th-century. The early papers show the genesis of Lakoff's inquiry into the relationship of language and social power, ideas later codified in the groundbreaking Language and Woman's Place and Talking Power. The late papers reflect her continued exposition of power dynamics beyond gender that are established and represented in language. This volume offers a retrospective analysis of Lakoff's work, with each paper preceded by an introduction from a prominent linguist in the field, including both contemporaries and students of Lakoff's work, and further, Lakoff's own conversation with these responses. This engaging and, at times, moving reevaluation pays homage to Lakoff's far-reaching influence upon linguistics, while also serving as an unusual form of autobiography revealing the decades' long evolution of a scholarly career.

The Routledge Handbook of Literacy Studies

Author: Jennifer Rowsell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317510607
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Routledge Handbook of Literacy Studies offers a comprehensive view of the field of language and literacy studies. With forty-three chapters reflecting new research from leading scholars in the field, the handbook pushes at the boundaries of existing fields and combines with related fields and disciplines to develop a lens on contemporary scholarship and emergent fields of inquiry. The Handbook is divided into eight sections: The foundations of literacy studies Space-focused approaches Time-focused approaches Multimodal approaches Digital approaches Hermeneutic approaches Making meaning from the everyday Co-constructing literacies with communities This is the first handbook of literacy studies to recognise new trends and evolving trajectories together with a focus on radical epistemologies of literacy. The Routledge Handbook of Literacy Studies is an essential reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students and those researching and working in the areas of applied linguistics and language and literacy.

Handbuch Bildungsarmut

Author: Gudrun Quenzel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658195738
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Das Handbuch gibt einen systematischen Überblick über Ausmaß, Ursachen und Folgen von Bildungsarmut und erörtert Strategien, wie Bildungsarmut schrittweise abgebaut werden kann. Für Soziologie, Pädagogik und Politik bündelt es die Forschungsergebnisse aus groß angelegten internationalen und nationalen Erhebungen ebenso wie aus kleineren, explorativen Studien. Die Ergebnisse zeigen: Gerade weil die Gesellschaft immer „gebildeter“ wird, sind Menschen ohne einen Mindestgrad an Bildung zunehmend von der Exklusion aus zentralen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen bedroht. Das Risiko steigt, den eigenen Lebensunterhalt nicht bestreiten zu können und soziale Anerkennung und Teilhabe zu verlieren. Hiervon sind – je nach angelegtem Kriterium – etwa 5 bis 15 Prozent der Bevölkerung betroffen. Das Handbuch bietet eine Orientierungshilfe, an welchen Stellen gesellschaftspolitischer Handlungsbedarf besteht oder weitere Forschung nötig ist. Die Autorinnen und Autoren sind ausgewiesene Experten, die das Thema aus unterschiedlichen theoretischen und empirischen Perspektiven bearbeiten.

Perspectives on Conceptual Change

Author: Barbara J. Guzzetti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135454582
Format: PDF
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Perspectives on Conceptual Change presents case study excerpts illustrating the influence on and processes of students' conceptual change, and analyses of these cases from multiple theoretical frameworks. Researchers in reading education have been investigating conceptual change and the effects of students' prior knowledge on their learning for more than a decade. During this time, this research had been changing from the general and cognitive--average effects of interventions on groups of students--to the specific and personal--individuals' reactions to and conceptual change with text structures. Studies in this area have begun to focus on the social, contextual, and affective influences on conceptual change. These studies have potential to be informed by other discourses. Hence, this book shows the results of sharing data--in the form of case study excerpts--with researchers representing varying perspectives of analyses. Instances of learning are examined from cross disciplinary views. Case study authors in turn respond to the case analyses. The result is a text that provides multiple insights into understanding the learning process and the conditions that impact learning.