The Social Dynamics of Innovation Networks

Author: Roel Rutten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135130175
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The social dynamics of innovation networks captures the important role of trust, social capital, institutions and norms and values in the creation of knowledge in innovation networks. In doing so, this book connects to a long-standing debate on the socio-spatial context of innovation in economic geography, which is usually referred to as the Territorial Models of Innovation (TIMs) literature. This present volume breaks with the TIM literature in several important ways. In the first place, this book emphasizes the role of individual agency because individuals and their networks are increasingly recognized as the principal agents of knowledge creation. Secondly, this volume looks at space as a continuous field of opportunity rather than as bounded territory with a set of endowments, such as knowledge base and social capital. Although individually these elements are not new to the TIM literature, it has thus far failed to grasp their critical implication for studying the social dynamics of innovation networks. The approach to the socio-spatial context of innovation in this volume is summarized as Knowledge Economy 2.0. It emphasizes that human creativity is now the main source of economic value and that human creativity and knowledge creation is not an organized process within organizations, but happens bottom up in formal and informal professional and social networks of individuals that cut across multiple organizations.

Standortressourcen und strategische Wettbewerbsvorteile in grenz berschreitenden Clustern

Author: Stephan Rohde
Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag
ISBN: 395710307X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Cluster haben sich als Instrument der Wirtschaftsförderung etabliert. Grenzregionen gelten oftmals als wirtschaftlich schwächere Regionen. Hingegen wird die Nähe zu einem Nachbarland häufig als vorteilhaft erachtet. Die Europäische Union forciert beispielsweise gezielt die Entwicklung von grenzüberschreitenden Clustern, um Wachstumsimpulse in Grenzregionen zu erzielen. Hierfür sind ansässige Unternehmen und ihre Wertschöpfungsaktivitäten von zentraler Bedeutung. Von besonderem Interesse ist daher die Problemstellung: Inwiefern können Unternehmen von grenzüberschreitenden Clustern als Standort profitieren? Diese Arbeit wählt ihren Ausgangspunkt in der strategischen Managementforschung, indem eine ressourcenorientierte Perspektive (Resource-based View) für die Untersuchung der Problemstellung eingenommen wird. Diese Perspektive legt den Fokus auf einzelne Unternehmen und ihre Ressourcen. Explizit greift diese Arbeit die Konzeptionalisierung von Clustern als Wertschöpfungsnetzwerke auf und entwickelt diese weiter, indem sie grenzüberschreitende Cluster als grenzüberschreitende Wertschöpfungsnetzwerke konzeptionalisiert. Im Rahmen einer Fallstudienuntersuchung der Windenergiebranche in Schleswig-Holstein und Süddänemark erfolgt eine eingehende Analyse von Standortressourcen und deren Wertschöpfungspotenziale für einzelne Unternehmen. Diese Arbeit bietet tiefgreifende Einblicke in die Wertschöpfungsaktivitäten der betrachteten Unternehmen der Windenergiebranche und leitet fundierte Implikationen ab, die für die Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik von Interesse sind. Stephan Rohde studierte internationales Management an der Europa-Universität Flensburg, der Syddansk Universitet und der Lund Universitet. Während der Erstellung der Doktorarbeit am internationalen Institut für Management und ökonomische Bildung, Abteilung für strategisches und internationales Management, war Stephan Rohde in verschiedenen Funktionen an der Europa-Universität Flensburg tätig. Er gehörte einer deutsch-dänischen Forschungsgruppe zu grenzüberschreitenden Clustern, in Kooperation mit der Syddansk Universitet, an. Zudem war Stephan Rohde Stipendiat der Europa-Universität Flensburg und dort zuletzt als wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter tätig.

Seeking Talent for Creative Cities

Author: Jill L. Grant
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442615443
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With the growth of knowledge-based economies, cities across the globe must compete to attract and retain the most talented workers. Seeking Talent for Creative Cities offers a comprehensive and insightful analysis of the diverse, dynamic factors that affect cities' ability to achieve this goal. Based on a comparative national study of 16 Canadian cities, this volume systematically evaluates the concerns facing workers operating in a range of creative endeavours. It draws on interviews, surveys, and census data collected over a six-year research program conducted by experts in business, public policy, urban studies, and communications studies to identify the characteristics and features of particular city-regions that influence these workers' mobility and satisfaction. Seeking Talent for Creative Cities represents a rigorously empirical test of popular wisdom on the true relationship between urban development and economic competitiveness.

Leadership and the City

Author: Markku Sotarauta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317620496
Format: PDF, Docs
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The 21st century has been dominated by an almost compulsive race to find new pathways for city development. As cities seek to regenerate via the knowledge-based economy, now more than ever dynamic leadership is required order to navigate new and complex challenges while building community. This book is about generative leadership in knowledge city development. Leadership and the City is rooted in a conviction that the leadership in a city is crucial in order for it to adjust strategically to major transformations and thus secure a good future for its inhabitants. The book opens a fresh view of leadership by focusing on generative leaders and their modes of leading, instead of spatial categorisations, governance structures and/or policy contents and processes. It investigates generative leadership by elaborating the modes of leadership, power and strategies in influence networks. The key points are highlighted with several empirical cases. These include Akron and Rochester (USA), Münich (Germany), Leeds (UK), Barcelona (Spain) as well as Helsinki, Tampere and Seinäjoki (Finland). This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with Leadership, Urban Studies and Strategic Management.

International Innovation Networks and Knowledge Migration

Author: Andreas Pyka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131742901X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Migration is conceived differently in Europe compared with countries like the US, Canada or Australia. International Innovation Networks and Knowledge Migration confronts traditional views on migration with modern theories of brain circulation and innovation networks, showing that migration leads to mutual benefits for both the home and host countries This new volume brings together several case studies and empirical in-depth analyses which are constructed from the strong migration relationship between Turkey and Germany that has existed for more than 50 years. Bringing together over 20 international contributors, this book highlights that knowledge migration and cultural diversity can strongly stimulate entrepreneurial activities, competence acquisition and economic development of countries and regions. The authors highlight the considerable scope for improvement of European migration policies in order to be better prepared to successfully process structural changes stemming from an aging society in Europe, and an increasing international division of labour. This volume is suitable for those who study industrial economics, international economics and European economics. It is also of interest to those who want to delve deeper into the Turkish-German migration nexus.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Author: David A. Wolfe
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666978
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

The Creative Capital of Cities

Author: Stefan Krätke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444342258
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book challenges the new urban growth concepts of the creative class and creative industries from a critical urban theory perspective. Critiques Richard Florida's popular books about cities and the creative class Presents an alternative approach based on analyses of empirical research data concerning the German urban system and the case study regions, Hanover and Berlin Underscores that the culture industry takes a leading role in conforming with neoliberal conceptions of labor markets

Global and Regional Dynamics in Knowledge Flows and Innovation

Author: Chris Van Egeraat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317682106
Format: PDF, ePub
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Innovation, which in essence is the generation of knowledge and its subsequent application in the marketplace in the form of novel products and processes, has become the key concept in inquiries concerning the contemporary knowledge based economy. Geography plays a decisive role in the underlying processes that enable and support knowledge formation and diffusion activities. Place specific characteristics are considered especially important in this context, however, more recently investigation into innovative capacity of places has also turned its attention to external knowledge inputs through innovation networks, and increasingly recognize the evolutionary character of the processes that lead to knowledge creation and subsequent application in the marketplace. The chapters that comprise this book are embedded at the intersection of the dynamic processes of knowledge production and creative destruction. The first three contributions all discuss the role of global innovation networks, in the context of territorial and/or sectoral dynamics, while the following two chapters investigate the evolution of regional or metropolitan knowledge economies. The final three contributions adopt a knowledge base approach in order to provide insight into the organisation of innovation networks and spatiality of knowledge flows. This book was published in a special issue of European Planning Studies.

Innovation Networks and Clusters

Author: Blandine Laperche
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9789052016023
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Economics, networks are increasingly used to describe the many links created between independent companies, as well as between them and other institutions (universities, banks, venture capital, etc.). In the current global and knowledge-based economy, they can be characterised as knowledge factories and knowledge boosters. They feed the internal processes of innovation (collaborative innovation) or the external processes of innovation, created by the propagation effects that come from inter-firm collaboration. The book explains how innovation networks are at the origin of the production of new knowledge that will be transformed and used in common as well as in separated production processes. This characteristic of networks as knowledge factories gives incentives to further investment in the production of knowledge and ensures the cumulativeness of the innovation process. Some of the authors clearly take a territorial point of view and study how clusters (in different parts of the world: Europe, Eastern Asia and North America) propelled by the quality of the innovation networks they enclose, can be characterised as knowledge pools into which the local actors will be able to draw to reinforce their individual and collective competitiveness. This book also includes analyses of the quality of the networks built within clusters, which may help their identification.

Innovative Cities

Author: James Simmie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113457424X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Innovative Cities presents a unique international comparison of innovation in Amsterdam, London, Milan, Paris and Stuttgart. Based on research funded by the ESRC program on 'Cities: Competitiveness and Cohesion', it compares and contrasts the reasons why these sites are among the top ten innovative cities in Europe. Innovation is one of the key driving forces of economic growth in modern economies. The research reported here takes a careful and directly comparable look at what characteristics and conditions in the five cities have led to the flourishing of innovation in them. Researchers with detailed local knowledge have applied the same analytical tools and survey techniques to investigating this question and the result present a unique international comparison of innovation in the five cities.