The Sound of Innovation

Author: Andrew J. Nelson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026202876X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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How a team of musicians, engineers, computer scientists, and psychologists developed computer music as an academic field and ushered in the era of digital music.

Models of Innovation

Author: Benoît Godin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262035898
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Models abound in science, technology, and society (STS) studies and in science, technology, and innovation (STI) studies. They are continually being invented, with one author developing many versions of the same model over time. At the same time, models are regularly criticized. Such is the case with the most influential model in STS-STI: the linear model of innovation.In this book, Benoît Godin examines the emergence and diffusion of the three most important conceptual models of innovation from the early twentieth century to the late 1980s: stage models, linear models, and holistic models. Godin first traces the history of the models of innovation constructed during this period, considering why these particular models came into being and what use was made of them. He then rethinks and debunks the historical narratives of models developed by theorists of innovation. Godin documents a greater diversity of thinkers and schools than in the conventional account, tracing a genealogy of models beginning with anthropologists, industrialists, and practitioners in the first half of the twentieth century to their later formalization in STS-STI. Godin suggests that a model is a conceptualization, which could be narrative, or a set of conceptualizations, or a paradigmatic perspective, often in pictorial form and reduced discursively to a simplified representation of reality. Why are so many things called models? Godin claims that model has a rhetorical function. First, a model is a symbol of "scientificity." Second, a model travels easily among scholars and policy makers. Calling a conceptualization or narrative or perspective a model facilitates its propagation.

Remaking the News

Author: Pablo J. Boczkowski
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262036096
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Leading scholars chart the future of studies on technology and journalism in the digital age.

Patents Citations and Innovations

Author: Adam B. Jaffe
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262600651
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A study of how patents and citation data can serve empirical research on innovation and technological change.

Innovation for the 21st Century

Author: Michael A. Carrier
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199794286
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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'Innovation For The 21st Century' contends that intellectual property and antitrust, the two most important laws fostering innovation, are not being used most effectively to achieve this goal and offers various proposals that individually and collectively remedy this deficiency.

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139642820
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.

The Fuzzy and the Techie

Author: Scott Hartley
Publisher: Mariner Books
ISBN: 9781328915405
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A leading venture capitalist offers surprising revelations on who will be driving innovation in the years to come.

Capturing Sound

Author: Mark Katz
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520261054
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Roth Family Foundation music in America imprint"--Prelim. p.

Taming the Sun

Author: Varun Sivaram
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262037688
Format: PDF, Mobi
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How solar could spark a clean-energy transition through transformative innovation—creative financing, revolutionary technologies, and flexible energy systems. Solar energy, once a niche application for a limited market, has become the cheapest and fastest-growing power source on earth. What's more, its potential is nearly limitless—every hour the sun beams down more energy than the world uses in a year. But in Taming the Sun, energy expert Varun Sivaram warns that the world is not yet equipped to harness erratic sunshine to meet most of its energy needs. And if solar's current surge peters out, prospects for replacing fossil fuels and averting catastrophic climate change will dim. Innovation can brighten those prospects, Sivaram explains, drawing on firsthand experience and original research spanning science, business, and government. Financial innovation is already enticing deep-pocketed investors to fund solar projects around the world, from the sunniest deserts to the poorest villages. Technological innovation could replace today's solar panels with coatings as cheap as paint and employ artificial photosynthesis to store intermittent sunshine as convenient fuels. And systemic innovation could add flexibility to the world's power grids and other energy systems so they can dependably channel the sun's unreliable energy. Unleashing all this innovation will require visionary public policy: funding researchers developing next-generation solar technologies, refashioning energy systems and economic markets, and putting together a diverse clean energy portfolio. Although solar can't power the planet by itself, it can be the centerpiece of a global clean energy revolution. A Council on Foreign Relations Book