Indigenous Peoples Civil Society and the Neo liberal State in Latin America

Author: Edward F. Fischer
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857455475
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In recent years the concept and study of "civil society" has received a lot of attention from political scientists, economists, and sociologists, but less so from anthropologists. A ground-breaking ethnographic approach to civil society as it is formed in indigenous communities in Latin America, this volume explores the multiple potentialities of civil society's growth and critically assesses the potential for sustained change. Much recent literature has focused on the remarkable gains made by civil society and the chapters in this volume reinforce this trend while also showing the complexity of civil society - that civil society can itself sometimes be uncivil. In doing so, these insightful contributions speak not only to Latin American area studies but also to the changing shape of global systems of political economy in general.

Indigenous Movements Self Representation and the State in Latin America

Author: Kay B. Warren
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292786743
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Throughout Latin America, indigenous peoples are responding to state violence and pro-democracy social movements by asserting their rights to a greater measure of cultural autonomy and self-determination. This volume's rich case studies of movements in Colombia, Guatemala, and Brazil weigh the degree of success achieved by indigenous leaders in influencing national agendas when governments display highly ambivalent attitudes about strengthening ethnic diversity. The contributors to this volume are leading anthropologists and indigenous activists from the United States and Latin America. They address the double binds of indigenous organizing and "working within the system" as well as the flexibility of political tactics used to achieve cultural goals outside the scope of state politics. The contributors answer questions about who speaks for indigenous communities, how indigenous movements relate to the popular left, and how conflicts between the national indigenous leadership and local communities play out in specific cultural and political contexts. The volume sheds new light on the realities of asymmetrical power relations and on the ways in which indigenous communities and their representatives employ Western constructions of subjectivity, alterity, and authentic versus counterfeit identity, as well as how they manipulate bureaucratic structures, international organizations, and the mass media to advance goals that involve distinctive visions of an indigenous future.

Global Indigenous Politics

Author: Sheryl Lightfoot
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317367782
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines how Indigenous peoples’ rights and Indigenous rights movements represent an important and often overlooked shift in international politics - a shift that powerful states are actively resisting in a multitude of ways. While Indigenous peoples are often dismissed as marginal non-state actors, this book argues that far from insignificant, global Indigenous politics is potentially forging major changes in the international system, as the implementation of Indigenous peoples’ rights requires a complete re-thinking and re-ordering of sovereignty, territoriality, liberalism, and human rights. After thirty years of intense effort, the transnational Indigenous rights movement achieved passage of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in September 2007. This book asks: Why did movement need to fight so hard to secure passage of a bare minimum standard on Indigenous rights? Why is it that certain states are so threatened by an emerging international Indigenous rights regime? How does the emerging Indigenous rights regime change the international status quo? The questions are addressed by exploring how Indigenous politics at the global level compels a new direction of thought in IR by challenging some of its fundamental tenets. It is argued that global Indigenous politics is a perspective of IR that, with the recognition of Indigenous peoples’ collective rights to land and self-determination, complicates the structure of international politics in new and important ways, challenging both Westphalian notions of state sovereignty and the (neo-)liberal foundations of states and the international human rights consensus. Qualitative case studies of Canadian and New Zealand Indigenous rights, based on original field research, analyse both the potential and the limits of these challenges. This work will be of interest to graduates and scholars in international relations, Indigenous studies, international organizations, IR theory and social movements.

Indigenous Politics

Author: Mikkel Berg-Nordlie
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781785522352
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the last fifty years, indigenous politics has become an increasingly important field of study. Recognition of self-determination rights are being demanded by indigenous peoples around the world. Indigenous struggles for political representation are shaped by historical and social circumstances particular to their nations but there are, nevertheless, many shared experiences. What are some of the commonalities, similarities and differences to indigenous representation, participation and mobilisation? This anthology offers a comparative perspective on institutional arrangements that provide for varying degrees of indigenous representation, including forms of self-organisation as well as government-created representation structures. A range of comparative and country-specific studies provides a wealth of information on institutional arrangements and processes that mobilise indigenous peoples and the ways in which they negotiate alliances and handle conflict.

The State and Indigenous Movements

Author: Keri E. Iyall Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135861781
Format: PDF
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Using the comparative historical method, this book looks at the experience of indigenous peoples, specifically the Native Hawaiians, showing how a nation can express culture and citizenship while seeking ways to attain greater sovereignty over territory, culture, and politics.

Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America

Author: Erick D. Langer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742575063
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The efforts of Indians in Latin America have gained momentum and garnered increasing attention in the last decade as they claim rights to their land and demand full participation in the political process. This issue is of rising importance as ecological concerns and autochtonous movements gain a foothold in Latin America, transforming the political landscape into one in which multiethnic democracies hold sway. In some cases, these movements have led to violent outbursts that severely affected some nations, such as the 1992 and 1994 Indian uprisings in Ecuador. In most cases, however, grassroots efforts have realized success without bloodshed. An Aymara Indian, head of an indigenous-rights political party, became Vice President of Bolivia. Brazilian lands are being set aside for indigenous groups not as traditional reservations where the government attempts to 'civilize' the hunters and gatherers, but where the government serves only to keep loggers, gold miners, and other interlopers out of tribal lands. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is a collection of essays compiled by Professor Erick D. Langer that brings together-for the first time-contributions on indigenous movements throughout Latin America from all regions. Focusing on the 1990s, Professor Langer illustrates the range and increasing significance of the Indian movements in Latin America. The volume addresses the ways in which Indians have confronted the political, social, and economic problems they face today, and shows the diversity of the movements, both in lowlands and in highlands, tribal peoples, and peasants. The book presents an analytical overview of these movements, as well as a vision of how and why they have become so important in the late twentieth century. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is important for those interested in Latin American studies, including Latin American civilization, Latin American anthropology, contemporary issues in Latin America, and ethnic studies.

The Challenge of Diversity

Author: Willem Assies
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Over the past several years new constitutions have been promulgated in many Latin American countries. A notable feature of the new constitutional frameworks is the recognition of the multiethnic and pluricultural character of these Latin American societies and States. Without question this fact reflects the new weight that indigenous movements have gained in political processes in the region. The recognition of multiethnicity constitutes a significant break with the previous perspective based on homogeneity and assimilation. Although this recognition of diversity is indeed important, the real test and challenge shall be the full implementation of diversity through concrete policies and institutional reforms.

Challenging Politics

Author: Kathrin Wessendorf (ed)
Publisher: IWGIA
ISBN: 9788790730451
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is a compilation of experiences with national political systems in Latin America, the Arctic, India, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, Canada, and East Africa. The introduction, summary, and recommendations frame the diverse and specific situations described in this book. Indigenous peoples throughout the world find themselves part of political systems that are not their own, but created by a larger national society. Although they have gained experience in dealing with these imposed systems of politics and with hitherto unknown social structures, in recent years there has been a growing interest in participating in electoral processes, providing access to varying levels of government positions by different indigenous organizations. The participation has sometimes taken place as an indigenous organization or, in other cases, organizations have allied themselves with traditional political parties. Different results have been achieved, with regard to influence on elections, as well as to the consequences for the indigenous movement itself. This book is a compilation of papers presented at a series of seminars where indigenous activists discussed their experiences with national political systems in Latin America, the Arctic, India, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, Canada, and East Africa. The introduction, summary, and recommendations frame the diverse and specific situations described in this book. Kathrin Wessendorf is an anthropologist who currently works at the Secretariat of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) in Copenhagen.

The Politics of Ethnicity

Author: David Maybury-Lewis
Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The indigenous people of the hemisphere have resisted a five-hundred-year assault, fighting to maintain their cultural identities. During this time, authorities in the Americas have insisted that the toleration of indigenous societies and cultures would undermine their respective states. In recent years, however, the nations of the Americas have started to reverse themselves. They are altering their constitutions and proclaiming themselves multiethnic. Why is this happening now? The Politics of Ethnicity: Indigenous Peoples in Latin American States, edited by David Maybury-Lewis, helps us understand the reasons and history behind these times of transition. The book provides a valuable overview of current problems facing indigenous peoples in their relation with national states in Latin America, from the highlands of Mexico to the jungles of Brazil. The traditional, sometimes centuries old, relations between states and indigenous peoples are now changing and being rediscussed. The collection, authored by U.S. and Latin American anthropologists using interdisciplinary approaches, enables the reader to understand these recent developments in a comparative framework. An ambitious and quite thorough collection, it is brought together skillfully by one of the discipline's maître penseurs.