Indigenous Movements Self Representation and the State in Latin America

Author: Kay B. Warren
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292786743
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Throughout Latin America, indigenous peoples are responding to state violence and pro-democracy social movements by asserting their rights to a greater measure of cultural autonomy and self-determination. This volume's rich case studies of movements in Colombia, Guatemala, and Brazil weigh the degree of success achieved by indigenous leaders in influencing national agendas when governments display highly ambivalent attitudes about strengthening ethnic diversity. The contributors to this volume are leading anthropologists and indigenous activists from the United States and Latin America. They address the double binds of indigenous organizing and "working within the system" as well as the flexibility of political tactics used to achieve cultural goals outside the scope of state politics. The contributors answer questions about who speaks for indigenous communities, how indigenous movements relate to the popular left, and how conflicts between the national indigenous leadership and local communities play out in specific cultural and political contexts. The volume sheds new light on the realities of asymmetrical power relations and on the ways in which indigenous communities and their representatives employ Western constructions of subjectivity, alterity, and authentic versus counterfeit identity, as well as how they manipulate bureaucratic structures, international organizations, and the mass media to advance goals that involve distinctive visions of an indigenous future.

The State and Indigenous Movements

Author: Keri E. Iyall Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113586179X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Using the comparative historical method, this book looks at the experience of indigenous peoples, specifically the Native Hawaiians, showing how a nation can express culture and citizenship while seeking ways to attain greater sovereignty over territory, culture, and politics.

The Challenge of Diversity

Author: Willem Assies
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Over the past several years new constitutions have been promulgated in many Latin American countries. A notable feature of the new constitutional frameworks is the recognition of the multiethnic and pluricultural character of these Latin American societies and States. Without question this fact reflects the new weight that indigenous movements have gained in political processes in the region. The recognition of multiethnicity constitutes a significant break with the previous perspective based on homogeneity and assimilation. Although this recognition of diversity is indeed important, the real test and challenge shall be the full implementation of diversity through concrete policies and institutional reforms.

The Politics of Ethnicity

Author: David Maybury-Lewis
Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The indigenous people of the hemisphere have resisted a five-hundred-year assault, fighting to maintain their cultural identities. During this time, authorities in the Americas have insisted that the toleration of indigenous societies and cultures would undermine their respective states. In recent years, however, the nations of the Americas have started to reverse themselves. They are altering their constitutions and proclaiming themselves multiethnic. Why is this happening now? The Politics of Ethnicity: Indigenous Peoples in Latin American States, edited by David Maybury-Lewis, helps us understand the reasons and history behind these times of transition. The book provides a valuable overview of current problems facing indigenous peoples in their relation with national states in Latin America, from the highlands of Mexico to the jungles of Brazil. The traditional, sometimes centuries old, relations between states and indigenous peoples are now changing and being rediscussed. The collection, authored by U.S. and Latin American anthropologists using interdisciplinary approaches, enables the reader to understand these recent developments in a comparative framework. An ambitious and quite thorough collection, it is brought together skillfully by one of the discipline's maƮtre penseurs.

Challenging Politics

Author: Kathrin Wessendorf (ed)
Publisher: IWGIA
ISBN: 9788790730451
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a compilation of experiences with national political systems in Latin America, the Arctic, India, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, Canada, and East Africa. The introduction, summary, and recommendations frame the diverse and specific situations described in this book. Indigenous peoples throughout the world find themselves part of political systems that are not their own, but created by a larger national society. Although they have gained experience in dealing with these imposed systems of politics and with hitherto unknown social structures, in recent years there has been a growing interest in participating in electoral processes, providing access to varying levels of government positions by different indigenous organizations. The participation has sometimes taken place as an indigenous organization or, in other cases, organizations have allied themselves with traditional political parties. Different results have been achieved, with regard to influence on elections, as well as to the consequences for the indigenous movement itself. This book is a compilation of papers presented at a series of seminars where indigenous activists discussed their experiences with national political systems in Latin America, the Arctic, India, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, Canada, and East Africa. The introduction, summary, and recommendations frame the diverse and specific situations described in this book. Kathrin Wessendorf is an anthropologist who currently works at the Secretariat of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) in Copenhagen.

Indigenous Peoples Civil Society and the Neo liberal State in Latin America

Author: Edward F. Fischer
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845455975
Format: PDF, Docs
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In recent years the concept and study of "civil society" has received a lot of attention from political scientists, economists, and sociologists, but less so from anthropologists. A ground-breaking ethnographic approach to civil society as it is formed in indigenous communities in Latin America, this volume explores the multiple potentialities of civil society's growth and critically assesses the potential for sustained change. Much recent literature has focused on the remarkable gains made by civil society and the chapters in this volume reinforce this trend while also showing the complexity of civil society - that civil society can itself sometimes be uncivil. In doing so, these insightful contributions speak not only to Latin American area studies but also to the changing shape of global systems of political economy in general.

Indigenous Peoples

Author: Henry Minde
Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.
ISBN: 9059722043
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Review: "During the past decade there has emerged growing criticism largely from anti-essentialist social scientists and multicultural politicians advocating a critique of ethnic and indigenous movements, accompanied by a general backlash in governmental policies and public opinion towards ideigneous communities. This book focuses on the implication of change for indigenous peoples, their political, legal and cultural strategies."--BOOK JACKET

Social Movements Indigenous Politics and Democratisation in Guatemala

Author: Roderick Leslie Brett
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004165525
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drawing on social movement theory, this book presents a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of collective action during Guatemalaa (TM)s democratic transition (1985-1996) and the accompanying impact of social movements on democratisation, focusing on three indigenous peoplesa (TM) social movement organisations.