The Statues that Walked

Author: Terry Hunt
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439154342
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The monumental statues of Easter Island, both so magisterial and so forlorn, gazing out in their imposing rows over the island’s barren landscape, have been the source of great mystery ever since the island was first discovered by Europeans on Easter Sunday 1722. How could the ancient people who inhabited this tiny speck of land, the most remote in the vast expanse of the Pacific islands, have built such monumental works? No such astonishing numbers of massive statues are found anywhere else in the Pacific. How could the islanders possibly have moved so many multi-ton monoliths from the quarry inland, where they were carved, to their posts along the coastline? And most intriguing and vexing of all, if the island once boasted a culture developed and sophisticated enough to have produced such marvelous edifices, what happened to that culture? Why was the island the Europeans encountered a sparsely populated wasteland? The prevailing accounts of the island’s history tell a story of self-inflicted devastation: a glaring case of eco-suicide. The island was dominated by a powerful chiefdom that promulgated a cult of statue making, exercising a ruthless hold on the island’s people and rapaciously destroying the environment, cutting down a lush palm forest that once blanketed the island in order to construct contraptions for moving more and more statues, which grew larger and larger. As the population swelled in order to sustain the statue cult, growing well beyond the island’s agricultural capacity, a vicious cycle of warfare broke out between opposing groups, and the culture ultimately suffered a dramatic collapse. When Terry Hunt and Carl Lipo began carrying out archaeological studies on the island in 2001, they fully expected to find evidence supporting these accounts. Instead, revelation after revelation uncovered a very different truth. In this lively and fascinating account of Hunt and Lipo’s definitive solution to the mystery of what really happened on the island, they introduce the striking series of archaeological discoveries they made, and the path-breaking findings of others, which led them to compelling new answers to the most perplexing questions about the history of the island. Far from irresponsible environmental destroyers, they show, the Easter Islanders were remarkably inventive environmental stewards, devising ingenious methods to enhance the island’s agricultural capacity. They did not devastate the palm forest, and the culture did not descend into brutal violence. Perhaps most surprising of all, the making and moving of their enormous statutes did not require a bloated population or tax their precious resources; their statue building was actually integral to their ability to achieve a delicate balance of sustainability. The Easter Islanders, it turns out, offer us an impressive record of masterful environmental management rich with lessons for confronting the daunting environmental challenges of our own time. Shattering the conventional wisdom, Hunt and Lipo’s ironclad case for a radically different understanding of the story of this most mysterious place is scientific discovery at its very best.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Giants Sie sind erwacht

Author: Sylvain Neuvel
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641168147
Format: PDF, Docs
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Schlafende Giganten Als die kleine Rose eines Abends beim Spielen in einer Höhle eine gewaltige Metallhand entdeckt, ahnt sie noch nicht, dass dieser Fund ihr ganzes Leben verändern wird. Siebzehn Jahre später will sie, inzwischen eine herausragende Physikerin, das noch immer ungelöste Rätsel aufklären. Gemeinsam mit einem Expertenteam aus Wissenschaftlern und Militärs findet Rose heraus, dass die Hand zu einem riesigen Roboter gehört, dessen Körperteile über den ganzen Globus verteilt sind. Doch wer hat den Roboter gebaut? Wann wurde er in der Erde vergraben? Und was bedeuten die seltsamen Zeichen auf dem Metall?

Paleoecology of Easter Island Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change

Author: Valentí Rull
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889455629
Format: PDF, Mobi
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After more than three decades of paleoecological research, the potential role of climatic and anthropogenic drivers on Easter Island's ecological and cultural change is still under discussion. This eBook aims to provide a synthetic view of the topic using evidence from different research fields such as paleoecology, archaeology, history and molecular phylogenetics. A holistic approach is provided to combine the results of these research fields into a comprehensive framework able to account for most of the available multidisciplinary evidence. This eBook is dedicated to the memory of John R. Flenley, the pioneer of paleoecological study of Easter Island, who passed away on June 22, 2018.

Eine kurze Geschichte des Fortschritts

Author: Ronald Wright
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783498073565
Format: PDF, Docs
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Selbst im Verhältnis zur Geschichte seiner eigenen Existenz auf Erden ist die Geschichte des menschlichen Fortschritts kurz. Und sie könnte schon bald zu Ende sein. Wie gingen Aufstieg und Fall bedeutender Zivilisationen vorsich, was können, ja müssen wir

Explorer Travellers and Adventure Tourism

Author: Dr. Jennifer Laing
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 1845414608
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines the nexus between exploring and tourism and argues that exploration travel – based heavily on explorer narratives and the promises of personal challenges and change – is a major trend in future tourism. In particular, it analyses how romanticised myths of explorers form a foundation for how modern day tourists view travel and themselves. Its scope ranges from the 'Golden Age' of imperial explorers in the 19th and early 20th centuries, through the growth of adventure and extreme tourism, to possible future trends including space travel. The volume should appeal to researchers and students across a variety of disciplines, including tourism studies, sociology, geography and history.

Paradise Past

Author: Robert W. Kirk
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786469781
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"In the 400 years from Magellan's entrance into Pacific waters to 1920, the lives of the people of the South Pacific were transformed. Pacific people died from exotic diseases from Europe and America. The coming of westerners, as this book points out, was not entirely negative, as head-hunting, cannibalism, chronic warfare, human sacrifice, and other practices were diminished"--Provided by publisher.

Kollaps

Author: Jared M. Diamond
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783100139047
Format: PDF
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Die überwucherten Tempelruinen von Angkor Wat, die zerfallenden Pyramiden der Maya in Yucatan und die rätselhaften Moai-Statuen der Osterinsel - sie alle sind stille Zeugen einstmals blühender Kulturen, die irgendwann verschwanden. Doch was waren die Ursachen dafür? Jared Diamond zeichnet die Muster nach, die dem Untergang von Gesellschaften (oder ihrem Überleben) zugrunde liegen, und zeigt, was wir für unsere Zukunft daraus lernen können.