The Structure and Dynamics of Geographic Ranges

Author: Kevin J. Gaston
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198526407
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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No species occurs everywhere. Indeed, the majority are absent from most places, and where they do occur they are usually quite rare. Gaston discusses the structure of these distributions - the structure of the geographic ranges of species. Gaston is particularly concerned with the factors that determine the limits to a species' geographic range, how the sizes of those ranges vary, and patterns in that variation. Also considered are the distribution of individuals amongst those sites where a species does occur and what determines that distribution, and some of the practical implications of all these. Both in a pure and applied context, ecologists need a broader perspective on their subject matter than has historically prevailed. This book provides one such perspective. A must have book for any researchers and graduate students studying macroecology, biogeography and conservation biology.

Evolutionary Biomechanics

Author: Graham K. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution
ISBN: 0198566387
Format: PDF, ePub
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This title discusses the study of evolution through the analysis of biomechanical systems. Instead of reviewing the entire breadth of the biomechanical literature, a few key examples are explored in depth as vehicles for discussing fundamental concepts, analytical techniques, and evolutionary theory.

Energetic Food Webs

Author: John C. Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198566182
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Food webs describe biological communities in terms of feeding interactions. This book integrates the latest work on community dynamics, ecosystems energetics, and stability to dispel categorisation of the field into separate subdiciplines of population, community, and ecosystem ecology.

Living in Groups

Author: Jens Krause
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198508182
Format: PDF, ePub
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Group Living is a widespread phenomenon within the animal kingdom and has attracted considerable attention in a number of different contexts. This book is focused on the unifying concepts regarding group behaviour that have been developed over the last two decades. The authors set out to discuss the mechanisms that govern the evolution and maintenance of grouping behaviour throughout the animal kingdom, and the ecological factors that control observed group size and group composition in particular situations. Although the book's emphasis is on the elaboration of a conceptual framework, extensive examples and case studies illustrate the diversity of grouping phemonema across taxonomic boundaries, and demonstrate the general applicability of the concepts involved. This book will familiarise the reader with the latest ideas on the ecology and evolution of group-living animals, providing a summary and critical synthesis of the extensive and diverse literature on the subject.

Infectious Diseases in Primates

Author: Charles Nunn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198565844
Format: PDF, Mobi
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1. Questions, Terminology, and Underlying Principles2. Diversity and Characteristics of Primate Parasites3. Primate Socioecology and Disease Risk- Predictions and Rationale4. Host-Parasite Dynamics and Epidemiological Principles5. Host Defenses- The Immune System and Behavioral Counterstrategies6. Infectious Disease and Primate Social Systems7. Parasites and Primate Conservation8. From Nonhuman Primates to Human Health and Evolution9. Concluding Remarks and Future Directions

Metapopulation Ecology

Author: Ilkka Hanski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198540656
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Metapopulation is the ecological term for assemblages of plant and animal species within larger areas of space, with long-term survival of the species depending on a shifting balance between local extinctions and recolonizations in the patchwork of fragmented landscape. Metapopulation theory is of particular importance to conservation biologists attempting to understand the processes of regional extinction - and survival - of species. Metapopulation Ecology presents a comprehensive synthesis of current research in this rapidly expanding area of population biology from an author who is famous for his work on metapopulations. It encompasses the essential theory of metapopulations, describing the main approaches to modelling metapopulation dynamics in highly fragmented landscapes, with an emphasis on spatially realistic models that can be applied to real metapopulations.

Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Author: Jean Clobert
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191640360
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Now that so many ecosystems face rapid and major environmental change, the ability of species to respond to these changes by dispersing or moving between different patches of habitat can be crucial to ensuring their survival. Understanding dispersal has become key to understanding how populations may persist. Dispersal Ecology and Evolution provides a timely and wide-ranging overview of the fast expanding field of dispersal ecology, incorporating the very latest research. The causes, mechanisms, and consequences of dispersal at the individual, population, species, and community levels are considered. Perspectives and insights are offered from the fields of evolution, behavioural ecology, conservation biology, and genetics. Throughout the book theoretical approaches are combined with empirical data, and care has been taken to include examples from as wide a range of species as possible - both plant and animal.

Evolutionary Ecology

Author: Anne E. Magurran
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198527855
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Trinidadian guppy represents a uniguely tractable vertebrate system, which has raised key questions in evolutionary ecology and supplied many of the answers. This work discusses this study and incorporates significant new findings and insights.