The Structures of Binary Compounds

Author: J. Hafner
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148329076X
Format: PDF
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- Up-to-date compilation of the experimental data on the structures of binary compounds by Villars and colleagues. - Coloured structure maps which order the compounds into their respective structural domains and present for the first time the local co-ordination polyhedra for the 150 most frequently occurring structure types, pedagogically very helpful and useful in the search for new materials with a required crystal structure. - Crystal co-ordination formulas: a flexible notation for the interpretation of solid-state structures by chemist Bill Jensen. - Recent important advances in understanding the quantum mechanical origin of structural stability presented in two clearly-written chapters by leading experts in the field: Hafner, Majewski and Vogl. ``The Structures of Binary Compounds'' presents not only the most up-to-date compilation of the experimental data on the structures of binary compounds, but also the recent important theoretical advances in understanding the quantum-mechanical origin of structural stability. In addition to this volume, a large wall chart displaying the structure maps for the AB, ABs and AB3 stoichiometries together with the corresponding co-ordination polyhedra, has been published. The first half of the book details the successful ordering of the known experimental data in two- or three-dimensional coloured structure maps, the 150 most frequently occurring structure types being characterized for the first time by their local co-ordination polyhedra. The second half of the book details the success of first-principle theoretical calculations within the Local Density Functional Approximation in predicting the correct ground state structures of binary semiconductors, insulators and metals. The book concludes with a chapter on the cohesion and structure of solids from the more localized tight-binding point of view.

Ordered Intermetallics

Author: C.T. Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401125341
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ordered intermetallics constitute a unique class of metallic materials which may be developed as new-generation materials for structural use at high temperatures in hostile environments. At present, there is a worldwide interest in intermetallics, and extensive efforts have been devoted to intermetallic research and development in the U.S., Japan, European countries, and other nations. As a result, significant advances have been made in all areas of intermetallic research. This NATO Advanced Workshop on ordered intermetallics (1) reviews the recent progress, and (2) assesses the future direction of intermetallic research in the areas of electronic structure and phase stability, deformation and fracture, and high-temperature properties. The book is divided into six parts: (1) Electronic Structure and Phase Stability; (2) Deformation and Dislocation Structures; (3) Ductility and Fracture; (4) Kinetic Processes and Creep Behavior; (5) Research Programs and Highlights; and (6) Assessment of Current Research and Recommendation for Future Work. The first four parts review the recent advances in the three focus areas. The fifth part provides highlights of the intermetallic research under major programs and in different institutes and countries. The last part provides a forum for the discussion of research areas for future studies.

Physical Metallurgy

Author: R.W. Cahn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080538945
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the fourth edition of a work which first appeared in 1965. The first edition had approximately one thousand pages in a single volume. This latest volume has almost three thousand pages in 3 volumes which is a fair measure of the pace at which the discipline of physical metallurgy has grown in the intervening 30 years. Almost all the topics previously treated are still in evidence in this version which is approximately 50% bigger than the previous edition. All the chapters have been either totally rewritten by new authors or thoroughly revised and expanded, either by the third-edition authors alone or jointly with new co-authors. Three chapters on new topics have been added, dealing with dry corrosion, oxidation and protection of metal surfaces; the dislocation theory of the mechanical behavior of intermetallic compounds; and (most novel) a chapter on polymer science for metallurgists, which analyses the conceptual mismatch between metallurgists' and polymer scientists' way of looking at materials. Special care has been taken throughout all chapters to incorporate the latest experimental research results and theoretical insights. Several thousand citations to the research and review literature are included in this edition. There is a very detailed subject index, as well as a comprehensive author index. The original version of this book has long been regarded as the standard text in physical metallurgy and this thoroughly rewritten and updated version will retain this status.

Intermetallic Chemistry

Author: Riccardo Ferro
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080553354
Format: PDF, ePub
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Intermetallic science is closely related to physics, chemistry, metallurgy, materials science & technology, and engineering. This book emphasizes the chemical aspects of this science, and therefore the mutual reactivity of metals and the characteristics of intermetallic compounds. Topics included are: OCo Phase diagrams of alloy systems. Many intermetallic systems form several compounds, generally not obeying common simple stoichiometric rules, which are often homogeneous in a certain range of compositions. The stability and extension of these phases are conveniently presented through phase diagrams. OCo Selected aspects of intermetallics structural chemistry, with emphasis on the solid state. The general structural characteristics of intermetallic phases are considered, with attention to nomenclature and to alternative and complementary methods of presenting crystal-chemical data. A brief account is given of derivative and degenerate structures, modular aspects of crystal structures, and of a few special groups of alloys such as quasicrystals and amorphous alloys. A number of selected structural prototypes with typical features, their possible grouping in structural OC familieso and their distribution among different types of alloys are provided. OCo Intermetallic reactivity trends in the Periodic Table. Attention is given to a few selected elemental parameters such as electron configuration and valence electron number and to their changes along the Table, which act as reference factors of the intermetallic behaviour. As an example, the relationships are considered between crystal structure and the number of valence electrons per atom (or per formula) in various classes of compounds or solid solution phases. OCo Alloying behaviour systematics of intermetallic systems with a description of the intermetallic reactivity of each element, or group of elements, in the order of their position in the Periodic Table. For each pair of metallic elements, their capability to form intermediate phases is summarised by maps and schemes. OCo A description of small scale preparation methods of intermetallics. A number of interesting and significant peculiarities are, e.g., those related to their high melting points, insolubility in common solvents, etc. A Systematic treatment of alloying behaviour A Wide overview of intermetallic chemistry A Illustrated, with many examples"

Structure of solids

Author: Robert W. Cahn
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527268146
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This self-contained handbook focuses on the fundamentals important in all areas of solid-state science and serves as a foundation for the rest of the series. From the Contents: Steurer: Elements of Symmetry in Periodic Lattices, Quasicrystals. Pettifor: Electron Theory of Crystal Structure. Saccone/Ferro: Structure of Intermetallic Compounds and Phases. Steeb/Lamparter: Structure of Amorphous and Molten Alloys. Petry/Schober: Lattice Vibrations. Wollenberger: Point Defects in Crystals. Bacon: Dislocations in Crystals. Van Hove: Crystal Surfaces. Finnis/Rhle: Interfaces in Crystalline Solids.

Materials Science and Technology Structure of Solids

Author: Volkmar Gerold
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527268146
Format: PDF, Docs
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This self-contained handbook focuses on the fundamentals important in all areas of solid-state science and serves as a foundation for the rest of the series. It will be of interest to metallurgists, engineers, and physicists as an unequalled reference source and a state-of-the-art review prepared by the world's top authors.

Intermetallic Compounds Crystal Structures of

Author: J. H. Westbrook
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471608806
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An intermetallic compound is one consisting of two or more metallic elements present in definite proportions in alloy. They are used in a wide range of industries such as semiconductors and the aerospace industry. Thousands of tons of the nickel aluminum alloy are used worldwide every year.

Cohesion in metals

Author: Frank R. Boer
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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- Complete collection of phase diagrams; - Up-to-date experimental information and bibliography on thermochemical data; - Formation enthalpies as predicted by the Miedema model for binary solid and liquid solutions and compounds. The first volume in this series presents a complete collection of heat of formation data on binary intermetallic compounds that contain at least one transition metal. Both solid compounds and liquid alloys are considered. A complete table of model predictions is given for systems which lack this experimental information and the origin of the model and the accuracy of the predictions are discussed extensively. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate the applicability of the atomic model in predicting energy effects in metal science in general. When surface energies and vacancy-formation energies of pure metals and model values for enthalpies of alloying are available, one can deal with a large variety of problems. Examples include the heat of reaction in metal chemistry, formation of ternary hydrides, stability of solid-solution phases, interfacial energies, surfaces and interfacial segregation, and the heat of absorption for metallic adsorbates and substrates. Examples relevant to basic physics include core-level shifts in alloys, Mssbauer isomer shift and charge transfer in binary metallic systems.