The Supportive State

Author: Maxine Eichner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887810
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Broad agreement exists among politicians and policymakers that the family is a critical institution of American life. Yet the role that the state should play with respect to family ties among citizens remains deeply contested. This controversy over the state's role undergirds a broad range of public policy debates: Does the state have a responsibility to help resolve conflicts between work and family? Should same-sex marriage be permitted? Should parents who receive welfare benefits be required to work? Yet while these individual policy issues are endlessly debated, the underlying theoretical question of the stance that the state should take with families remains largely unexplored. In The Supportive State, Maxine Eichner argues that government must take an active role in supporting families. She contends that the respect for human dignity at the root of America's liberal democratic understanding of itself requires that the state not only support individual freedom and equality--the goods generally considered as grounds for state action in liberal accounts. It must also support families, because it is through families that the caretaking and human development needs which must be satisfied in any flourishing society are largely met. Families' capacity to satisfy these needs, she demonstrates, is critically affected by the framework of societal institutions in which they function. In the "supportive state" model she develops, the state bears the responsibility for structuring societal institutions to support families in performing their caretaking and human development functions. Although not all family forms will further the important functions that warrant state support, she argues that a broad range will. Eichner's vigorous defense of the state's responsibility to enhance families' capacity for caretaking and human development stands as a sharp rejoinder to the widespread conservative belief that the state's role in family life must be diminished in order for families to flourish.

In Our Hands

Author: Elizabeth Palley
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479892343
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
A call for better child care policies, exploring the reasons why there has been so little headway on a problem that touches so many families. Working mothers are common in the United States. In over half of all two-parent families, both parents work, and women’s paychecks on average make up 35 percent of their families’ incomes. Most of these families yearn for available and affordable child care—but although most developed countries offer state-funded child care, it remains scarce in the United States. And even in prosperous times, child care is rarely a priority for U.S. policy makers. In In Our Hands: The Struggle for U.S. Child Care Policy, Elizabeth Palley and Corey S. Shdaimah explore the reasons behind the relative paucity of U.S. child care and child care support. They examine the history of child care advocacy and legislation in the United States, from the Child Care Development Act of the 1970s that was vetoed by Nixon through the Obama administration’s Child Care Development Block Grant. The book includes data from interviews with 23 prominent child care and early education advocates and researchers who have spent their careers seeking expansion of child care policy and funding and an examination of the legislative debates around key child care bills of the last half-century. Palley and Shdaimah analyze the special interest and niche groups that have formed around existing policy, arguing that such groups limit the possibility for debate around U.S. child care policy.

Gender and Law

Author: Katharine T. Bartlett
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454883219
Format: PDF
Download Now
Gender and Law: Theory, Doctrine, Commentary, 7E is organized around theoretical frameworks, showing different conceptualizations of equality and justice and their impact on concrete legal problems. The text provides complete, up-to-date coverage of conventional “women and the law” issues, including employment law and affirmative action, reproductive rights, LGBTQ issues, domestic violence, rape, pornography, international women’s rights, and global trafficking. Showing the complex ways in which gender permeates the law, the text also explores the gender aspects of subject matters less commonly associated with gender, such as property, ethics, contracts, sports, and civil procedure. Throughout, the materials allow an emphasis on alternative approaches and how these approaches make a difference. Excerpted legal cases, statutes, and law review articles form an ongoing dialogue within the book to stimulate thought and discussion and over 200 provocative “putting theory into practice” problems challenge students to think deeply about current gender law issues. Key Features of the new edition include: Materials surrounding LGBTQ issues have been significantly expanded to reflect statutory and judicial developments, including United States v. Windsor and Obergefell v. Hodges, legal developments concerning transgender individuals, and sexual orientation discrimination.In addition, the materials on sexual orientation discrimination have been woven throughout the book, rather than cabined in a separate section. Equal pay materials have been expanded and refocused to include cases on the “factor other than sex” defense and legislative efforts to strengthen protections against pay discrimination. Coverage of pregnancy and caregiver discrimination has been significantly expanded, and the Supreme Court’s opinion in Young v. United Parcel Service is included. Reproductive health materials have been revamped to reflect developments in the law concerning the Affordable Care Act and responses to legislative efforts to curtail women’s access to contraception and abortion. These materials included the addition of Burwell v. Hobby Lobby and Whole Women’s Health v. Hellerstadt. International comparisons have been enlarged and updated. Updated profile of women in the legal system and the barriers to gender equity. Complete reworking and updating of materials on campus rape, including celebrated cases and reform strategies. Revised materials on domestic violence, prostitution, and pornography, including feminist debates over appropriate responses. Updated analysis of women, poverty, and income inequality. Increased attention to conflicts between gender and religion. Many additional Putting Theory Into Practice problems have been added, most of them reflecting contemporary disputes and conflicts. This brings the total number of problems to 200. Moreover, the teacher’s manual includes dozens of video clips that might be used in class at different points.

Failure to Flourish

Author: Clare Huntington
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190212209
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Exploring the connection between families and inequality, Failure to Flourish: How Law Undermines Family Relationships argues that the legal regulation of families stands fundamentally at odds with the needs of families. Strong, stable, positive relationships are essential for both individuals and society to flourish, but from transportation policy to the criminal justice system, and from divorce rules to the child welfare system, the legal system makes it harder for parents to provide children with these kinds of relationships, exacerbating the growing inequality in America. Failure to Flourish contends that we must re-orient the legal system to help families avoid crises and, when conflicts arise, intervene in a manner that heals relationships. To understand how wrong our family law system has gone and what we need to repair it, Failure to Flourish takes us from ancient Greece to cutting-edge psychological research, and from the chaotic corridors of local family courts to a quiet revolution under way in how services are provided to families in need. Incorporating the latest insights of positive psychology and social science research, the book sets forth a new, more emotionally intelligent vision for a legal system that not only resolves conflict but actively encourages the healthy relationships that are at the core of a stable society.

Mount Vernon

Author: Larry H. Spruill
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
ISBN: 9780738562650
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Conceived in 1850, Mount Vernon is a young city, founded as an alternative to overcrowded New York City living by a group of ambitious middle- and laboring-class citizens. By the beginning of the 20th century, Mount Vernon was known as "the city of happy homes." It became a bedroom community for the region's most prominent upwardly mobile movers and shakers. Its ideal location to the city, elegant spacious homes, tree-lined streets, progressive schools and businesses, and receptivity to diversity spawned decades of sustained growth. Today Mount Vernon has become a critical gateway to New York and Westchester County. The images in Mount Vernon highlight the people and places that shaped the formative and golden years of the community, providing the quintessential look at the most dynamic small city in New York.

Public and Private Families

Author:
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
ISBN: 9780072526455
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This reader examines the family through two lenses--the familiar private family, in which we live our personal lives, and the public family, in which we deal with broader societal issues, such as raising the next generation, and the care of the elderly. Consequently, these readings look both at intimate, personal concerns, such as whether to marry, as well as societal concerns, such as governmental policies that affect families. The reader corresponds exactly to and is published concurrent with Cherlin’s textbookPublic and Private Families: An Introduction; both the textbook and the reader have 15 same-named chapters.