The Thirteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting

Author: Kjell Rosquist
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814630004
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Marcel Grossmann Meetings seek to further the development of the foundations and applications of Einstein's general relativity by promoting theoretical understanding in the relevant fields of physics, mathematics, astronomy and astrophysics and to direct future technological, observational, and experimental efforts. The meetings discuss recent developments in classical and quantum aspects of gravity, and in cosmology and relativistic astrophysics, with major emphasis on mathematical foundations and physical predictions, having the main objective of gathering scientists from diverse backgrounds for deepening our understanding of spacetime structure and reviewing the current state of the art in the theory, observations and experiments pertinent to relativistic gravitation. The range of topics is broad, going from the more abstract classical theory, quantum gravity, branes and strings, to more concrete relativistic astrophysics observations and modeling. The three volumes of the proceedings of MG13 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting included 33 morning plenary talks during 6 days, and 75 parallel sessions over 4 afternoons. Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string/brane theories, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, and from supernova cosmology to relativistic astrophysics including such topics as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy and in active galactic nuclei in other galaxies, and neutron star and pulsar astrophysics. Volumes B and C include parallel sessions which touch on dark matter, neutrinos, X-ray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, quasors, gamma ray bursts, supernovas, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, numerical relativity, gravitational lensing, large scale structure, observational cosmology, early universe models and cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, global structure, singularities, chaos, Einstein–Maxwell systems, wormholes, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors and data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, quantum gravity and loop quantum gravity, quantum cosmology, strings and branes, self-gravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, and cosmic rays and the history of general relativity. Contents:On the Cosmological Singularity (Vladimir A Belinski)GRB Afterglow Discovery with Bepposax: Its Story 15 Years Later (Filippo Frontera)Rotation, Convection, and Core Collapse (W David Arnett)Spacetime Singularities: Recent Developments (Claes Uggla)Hidden Symmetries: From BKL to Kac–Moody (Philipp Fleig & Hermann Nicolai)Recent Results in Mathematical GR (Sergiu Klainerman)Higher Dimensional Black Holes (Harvey S Reall)Causal Dynamical Triangulations and the Search for a Theory of Quantum Gravity (Jan Ambjorn, Andrzej Görlich, Jerzy Jurkiewicz & Renate Loll)On Quantum Gravity, Asymptotic Safety, and Paramagnetic Dominance (Andreas Nink & Martin Reuter)Perturbative Quantum Gravity as a Double Copy of Gauge Theory and Implications for UV Properties (Zvi Bern)Type Ia Supernova Cosmology: Past and Future (Ariel Goobar)The Energetic Universe: A Nobel Surprise (Robert P Kirshner)Strong, Weak, Electromagnetic and Gravitational Interactions in Neutron Stars (Jorge Rueda & Remo Ruffini)Gravitational-Wave Physics and Astronomy Using Ground-Based Interferometers (David H Reitze & David H Shoemaker)Gamma-Ray Burst Prompt Emission (Bing Zhang)Black Holes, Supernovae and Gamma Ray Bursts (Remo Ruffini)Precisions Tests of Theories of Gravity Using Pulsars (Michael Kramer)The Planck Mission: Recent Results, Cosmological and Fundamental Physics Perspectives (Nazzareno Mandolesi, Carlo Burigana, Alessandro Gruppuso & Paolo Natoli)Observation of a New Boson at a Mass of 125 GeV with the CMS Experiment at the LHC (Chiara Mariotti)Unavoidable CMB Spectral Features and Blackbody Photosphere of Our Universe (Rashid Sunyaev & Rishi Khatri)Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson with the ATLAS Detector (Domizia Orestano) Readership: Graduate students in astronomy, astrophysics and cosmology, and scientists interested in general relativity, gravitation, astrophysics, quantum gravity, particle physics, cosmology and theoretical physics. Keywords:General Relativity;Gravitation;Astrophysics;Quantum Gravity;Particle Physics;Cosmology;Theoretical Physics

The Twelfth Marcel Grossmann Meeting

Author: Thibault Damour
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814458031
Format: PDF, ePub
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Marcel Grossmann Meetings are formed to further the development of General Relativity by promoting theoretical understanding in the fields of physics, mathematics, astronomy and astrophysics and to direct future technological, observational, and experimental efforts. In these meetings are discussed recent developments in classical and quantum gravity, general relativity and relativistic astrophysics, with major emphasis on mathematical foundations and physical predictions, with the main objective of gathering scientists from diverse backgrounds for deepening the understanding of spacetime structure and reviewing the status of test-experiments for Einstein's theory of gravitation. The range of topics is broad, going from the more abstract classical theory, quantum gravity and strings, to the more concrete relativistic astrophysics observations and modeling. The three volumes of the proceedings of MG12 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting includes 29 plenary talks stretched over 6 mornings, and 74 parallel sessions over 5 afternoons. Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string theories, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, to relativistic astrophysics including such topics as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy, in active galactic nuclei and in other galaxies, neutron stars, pulsar astrophysics, gravitational lensing effects, neutrino physics and ultra high energy cosmic rays. The rest of the volumes include parallel sessions on dark matter, neutrinos, X-ray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, cosmic background radiation & observational cosmology, numerical relativity & algebraic computing, gravitational lensing, variable “constants” of nature, large scale structure, topology of the universe, brane-world cosmology, early universe models & cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, gamma ray burst modeling, supernovas, global structure, singularities, cosmic censorship, chaos, Einstein–Maxwell systems, inertial forces, gravitomagnetism, wormholes & time machines, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors & data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, history of relativity, quantum gravity & loop quantum gravity, Casimir effect, quantum cosmology, strings & branes, self-gravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, cosmic rays, gamma ray bursts and quasars. Sample Chapter(s) Space-Time from the Spectral Point of View (467k) Contents: Space-Time from the Spectral Point of View (Ali H Chamseddine and Alain Connes)The Formation of Black Holes in General Relativity (Demetrios Christodoulou)Matching Conditions in Relativistic Astrophysics (Hernando Quevedo)Black Holes as a Source of Information (Juan Maldacena)Black Hole Microstate Counting and Its Macroscopic Counterpart (Ipsita Mandal and Ashoke Sen)Transplanckian String Collisions: An Update (Gabriele Veneziano)Ultraviolet Divergences and Scale-Dependent Gravitational Couplings (Herbert W Hamber)The Black Hole Stability Problem for Linear Scalar Perturbations (Mihalis Dafermos and Igor Rodnianski)The Global Network of Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Detectors (David H Reitze)Analytical Relativity of Black Holes (Thibault Damour)Detection of Gravitational Waves Using Pulsar Timing (Richard N Manchester)Relativistic Spin-Precession in Binary Pulsars (Michael Kramer)Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts: 10 Years of Observations (Massimo Della Valle)Gamma-Ray Bursts as Relativistic Objects (Tsvi Piran)Fundamental Physics from Black Holes, Neutron Stars and Gamma-Ray Bursts (Remo Ruffini)The Fascinating TeV Sky (Felix Aharonian)Galaxy Clusters and Their Central Supermassive Black Holes: Case of M87 (Eugene Churazov, Sergey Sazonov, Rashid Sunyaev, William Forman, Christine Jones and Hans Böhringer)Intergalactic Shock Fronts (Maxim Markevitch)Studies of Dark Energy with X-Ray Observations of Galaxy Clusters (Alexey Vikhlinin)and other papers Keywords:General Relativity;Gravitation;Astrophysics;Quantum Gravity;Particle Physics;Cosmology;Theoretical Physics

The Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity Astrophysics and Relativistic Field Theories

Author: Massimo Bianchi
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813226593
Format: PDF, ePub
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The four volumes of the proceedings of MG14 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting included 35 morning plenary talks over 6 days, 6 evening popular talks and 100 parallel sessions on 84 topics over 4 afternoons. Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string theory, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, and from supernova cosmology to relativistic astrophysics, including topics such as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy and in active galactic nuclei in other galaxies, and neutron star, pulsar and white dwarf astrophysics. The remaining volumes include parallel sessions which touch on dark matter, neutrinos, X-ray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, quasars, gamma ray bursts, supernovas, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, numerical relativity, gravitational lensing, large scale structure, observational cosmology, early universe models and cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, global structure, singularities, chaos, Einstein-Maxwell systems, wormholes, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors and data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, quantum gravity and loop quantum gravity, quantum cosmology, strings and branes, self-gravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, cosmic rays and the history of general relativity.

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory

Author: Tristan Hübsch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107097487
Format: PDF, ePub
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An expansive and conceptually unifying textbook of fundamental and theoretical physics, describing elementary particles and their interactions.

Global Analysis of Dynamical Systems

Author: H.W Broer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420034288
Format: PDF, ePub
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Contributed by close colleagues, friends, and former students of Floris Takens, Global Analysis of Dynamical Systems is a liber amicorum dedicated to Takens for his 60th birthday. The first chapter is a reproduction of Takens's 1974 paper "Forced oscillators and bifurcations" that was previously available only as a preprint of the University of Utrecht. Among other important results, it contains the unfolding of what is now known as the Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation. The remaining chapters cover topics as diverse as bifurcation theory, Hamiltonian mechanics, homoclinic bifurcations, routes to chaos, ergodic theory, renormalization theory, and time series analysis. In its entirety, the book bears witness to the influence of Takens on the modern theory of dynamical systems and its applications. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in this active and exciting field.

Mass and Motion in General Relativity

Author: Luc Blanchet
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048130153
Format: PDF, Mobi
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From the infinitesimal scale of particle physics to the cosmic scale of the universe, research is concerned with the nature of mass. While there have been spectacular advances in physics during the past century, mass still remains a mysterious entity at the forefront of current research. Our current perspective on gravitation has arisen over millennia, through the contemplation of falling apples, lift thought experiments and notions of stars spiraling into black holes. In this volume, the world’s leading scientists offer a multifaceted approach to mass by giving a concise and introductory presentation based on insights from their respective fields of research on gravity. The main theme is mass and its motion within general relativity and other theories of gravity, particularly for compact bodies. Within this framework, all articles are tied together coherently, covering post-Newtonian and related methods as well as the self-force approach to the analysis of motion in curved space-time, closing with an overview of the historical development and a snapshot on the actual state of the art. All contributions reflect the fundamental role of mass in physics, from issues related to Newton’s laws, to the effect of self-force and radiation reaction within theories of gravitation, to the role of the Higgs boson in modern physics. High-precision measurements are described in detail, modified theories of gravity reproducing experimental data are investigated as alternatives to dark matter, and the fundamental problem of reconciling any theory of gravity with the physics of quantum fields is addressed. Auxiliary chapters set the framework for theoretical contributions within the broader context of experimental physics. The book is based upon the lectures of the CNRS School on Mass held in Orléans, France, in June 2008. All contributions have been anonymously refereed and, with the cooperation of the authors, revised by the editors to ensure overall consistency.