The Torture Papers

Author: Joshua L. Dratel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521853248
Format: PDF
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Gathers documents written by U.S. government officials seeking to establish legal justification for the use of coercive interrogation and torture and to absolve those implementing the policies of any wrongdoing.

Abu Ghraib und die Folgen

Author: Werner Binder
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839425506
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Missbrauchsfälle im irakischen Abu-Ghraib-Gefängnis sorgten im Mai 2004 für weltweite Empörung. Diese Studie untersucht den amerikanischen Diskurs zu Abu Ghraib. Sie bietet eine Interpretation der Skandalfotografien und eine umfangreiche Analyse von Presseartikeln und Fernsehtranskripten (2004-2009), die erstmals die Spätfolgen des Skandals für Politik, Recht, Kunst, Populärkultur und den Folterdiskurs aufdeckt. Werner Binder schließt damit nicht nur eine Forschungslücke zu Abu Ghraib, sondern liefert zugleich einen eigenständigen Beitrag zur kultursoziologischen Theoriebildung.

New Kind of War New Kind of Detention

Author: Dorte Hühnert
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643906900
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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For the Bush administration 9/11 started a new kind of war. In reaction to the attacks the president and his legal advisors created the term unlawful enemy combatant in addition to the Geneva Conventions' distinction of combatants and civilians. Alluding to international law, the term suggests legality and seeks to legitimize a new kind of detention, yet leading to the torture scandal and Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp. This empirical study traces the term's development throughout the first year after 9/11 and reveals the legitimation strategies for detainee treatment of the Bush administration. (Series: Studies on Peace Research / Studien zur Friedensforschung, Vol. 19) [Subject: Politics]

Liberal Democracies and the Torture of Their Citizens

Author: Cynthia Banham
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509906835
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book analyses and compares how the USA's liberal allies responded to the use of torture against their citizens after 9/11. Did they resist, tolerate or support the Bush Administration's policies concerning the mistreatment of detainees when their own citizens were implicated and what were the reasons for their actions? Australia, the UK and Canada are liberal democracies sharing similar political cultures, values and alliances with America; yet they behaved differently when their citizens, caught up in the War on Terror, were tortured. How states responded to citizens' human rights claims and predicaments was shaped, in part, by demands for accountability placed on the executive government by domestic actors. This book argues that civil society actors, in particular, were influenced by nuanced differences in their national political and legal contexts that enabled or constrained human rights activism. It maps the conditions under which individuals and groups were more or less likely to become engaged when fellow citizens were tortured, focusing on national rights culture, the domestic legal and political human rights framework, and political opportunities.

A Genealogy of the Torture Taboo

Author: Jamal Barnes
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351977741
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines the historical genealogy of the torture taboo. The dissonance between the absolute prohibition against torture and its widespread violation raises important questions about the torture taboo in world politics. Does the torture taboo matter? Or are political realists correct in arguing that power politics rules? Barnes argues that despite the torture taboo’s violation, it still matters, and paradoxically, its strength can be seen by studying its violation. States hide, deny, re-define and outsource their torture, as well as torture without leaving marks to avoid being stigmatised as a norm violating state. Tracing a genealogy of the torture taboo from the eighteenth to the twenty-first century Barnes shows how the taboo has developed over time, and how violations have played an important role in that development. Through six historical and contemporary case studies, it is argued that the taboo’s humanitarian pressures do not cease when states violate the norm, but continue to shape actors in unexpected ways. Building upon the constructivist norm literature that has shown how norms shape state actions and interests, the book also widens our understanding of the complex role norm violations play in international society. Making a contribution to existing public debates on the use of torture in counter-terrorism policy, it will be of great use to scholars, postgraduates and practitioners in the fields of human rights, international relations theory (in particular constructivism), security studies and international law.

The Torture Debate in America

Author: Karen J. Greenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521674614
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As a result of the work assembling the documents, memoranda, and reports that constitute the material in The Torture Papers the question of the rationale behind the Bush administration's decision to condone the use of coercive interrogation techniques in the interrogation of detainees suspected of terrorist connections was raised. The condoned use of torture in any society is questionable but its use by the United States, a liberal democracy that champions human rights and is a party to international conventions forbidding torture, has sparked an intense debate within America. The Torture Debate in America captures these arguments with essays from individuals in different discipines. This volume is divided into two sections with essays covering all sides of the argument from those who embrace absolute prohibition of torture to those who see it as a viable option in the war on terror and with documents complementing the essays.

Getting Away with Torture

Author: Christopher H. Pyle
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 1597976210
Format: PDF
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Follows the paper trail of torture memos that led to abuses at Guantanámo, in Afghanistan, and in Iraq.

Terrorism and the Constitution

Author: David Cole
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595585869
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Tracing the history of government intrusions on Constitutional rights in response to threats from abroad, Cole and Dempsey warn that a society in which civil liberties are sacrificed in the name of national security is in fact less secure than one in which they are upheld. A new chapter includes a discussion of domestic spying, preventive detention, the many court challenges to post-9/11 abuses, implementation of the PATRIOT ACT, and efforts to reestablish the checks and balances left behind in the rush to strengthen governmental powers.

Folter im 21 Jahrhundert

Author: Alexander Bahar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ist die Würde des Menschen antastbar? "Wir haben die Handschuhe ausgezogen" -, so beschrieb die CIA ihr Vorgehen nach dem 11. September. In Deutschland wird die Folter von einigen populistischen Politikern befürwortet, sogar manch seriöser Jurist oder Politiker hält sie áunter bestimmten Umständená für anwendbar. "Rettungsfolter", "verschärfte Vernehmungsmethoden", "Waterboarding" - solche Euphemismen bemänteln fundamentale Verstösse gegen die Menschenrechte. Warum ist Folter heute wieder denkbar? Welche politischen und gesellschaftlichen Folgen hätte eine Aufweichung des Folterverbots? Bahar betrachtet das brisante Thema historisch, international und bezogen auf die aktuellen Anlässe, und erklärt, warum Folter unter keinen Umständen zu akzeptieren ist. Alexander Bahar, promovierter Historiker, arbeitet als Redakteur und Publizist.