The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides Second Edition

Author: Simon J. Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482210614
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Despite their potentially adverse effects on nontarget species and the environment, insecticides remain a necessity in crop protection as well as in the reduction of insect-borne diseases. The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides provides essential insecticide knowledge required for the effective management of insect pests. Continuing as the sole book in more than two decades to address this multifaceted field, the Second Edition of this highly praised review on insecticide toxicology has been greatly expanded and updated to present the most current information on: Systemic classification of insecticides How insecticides function at the molecular level and newly discovered modes of action Insecticide resistance, molecular mechanisms, fitness costs, reversion, and management of resistance Various bioassay methods including the interpretation of probit analysis Molecular mechanisms of insecticide selectivity Major biochemical mechanisms involved in the transformation of insecticides Fate of insecticides in the environment and the sublethal effects of insecticides on wildlife Newly developed insecticides, including the addition of more microbial insecticides in keeping with current integrated pest management (IPM) approaches Incorporating extensive reference lists for further reading, The Toxicology and Biochemistry of Insecticides, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for students of entomology, plant medicine, insecticide toxicology, and related agricultural disciplines. It is also a valuable resource for those involved in insecticide research, environmental toxicology, and crop protection.

Chemie der synthetischen Pyrethroid Insektizide

Author: K. Naumann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642815553
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dieser Band zeigt die sensationell anmutenden Fortschritte der Pyrethrum Chemie, die für Forschung, Industrie und Anwender neue Aspekte eröffnet. Vor allem englische und japanische Chemiker haben in fast dreißigjähriger, intensiver Arbeit, ausgehend von den natürlich vorkommenden Insektiziden aus Pyrethrum pflanzen und bereits bekannten synthetischen Abwandlungsprodukten, wirk samere und beständigere Wirkstoffe gewinnen können. (Eine Übersicht des Forschungsstandes bis 1967 findet sich in Band I (Claussen).) Nach dem Bekanntwerden der ersten wesentlichen Erfolge durch Elliot in England ist die Forschung von fast allen großen Chemiefirmen und Forschungsinstituten auf genommen worden. Dr. K. Naumann (Bayer AG) hat gedrängt, doch möglichst vollständig die umfangreichen Forschungsergebnisse sowie die zahlreichen Versuchs- und Han deisprodukte zusammengestellt. Er zeigt, wie der Weg zu neuen Wirkstoffen über komplizierte Synthesen mit zahlreichen Zwischenstufen führt. Die höchst wirksamen Verbindungen lassen auch Vielstufen-Synthesen noch aussichtsreich erscheinen. Der Beitrag demonstriert nicht nur den hervorragenden Stand der chemischen Forschung, sondern auch den großen Aufwand, der dafür nötig ist. Nachteile früherer Verbindungen, wie die geringe Stabilität unter atmosphäri schen Bedingungen, konnten ausgeschaltet werden, ohne daß Wirkung und rascher Wirkungseintritt verloren gingen. Leider mußte bei einigen Verbindungen eine höhere Toxizität in Kauf genommen werden, doch wegen der guten Abbaueigen schaften gibt es keine Rückstandsprobleme. Diese Übersicht macht deutlich, wie es der rein chemischen Insektizid-Forschung immer wieder gelingt, entscheidende Fortschritte zu erzielen. Februar 1981 R. Wegler Inhaltsverzeichnis A. Allgemeiner Teil I. Die natürlichen Pyrethrine ............. .

kologische Biochemie

Author: Jeffrey B. Harborne
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783642398506
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Didaktisch geschickt und anschaulich werden die biochemischen Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen, Tieren und ihrer Umwelt beschrieben. Das Buch ist auch für Leser mit geringen Biochemiekenntnissen leicht verständlich. Aus dem Inhalt: Pflanzen und biochemische Adaption an Umwelt Biochemie der Pflanzenbestäubung Pflanzentoxine und ihre Wirkung auf Tiere Hormonelle Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen und Tieren Nahrungspräferenzen Abwehrmechanismen von Pflanzen und Reaktionen der Tiere (Coevolution) Pheromone: Biochemische Kommunikation zwischen Tieren Biochemische Wechselwirkungen zwischen Pflanzen.

Pesticide Chemistry and Toxicology

Author: Dileep K. Singh
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1608051374
Format: PDF, Docs
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Pesticide control involves killing pest organisms or otherwise preventing them from destructive behavior. Pesticides are either natural or synthetic and are applied to target pests in a myriad of formulations (EC,WP, SP, FP, G etc.) and application technology systems (sprays, baits, slow-release diffusion, dust, etc.). In recent years, the bacterial genes coding for insecticidal proteins have been incorporated into various crops that dealt with the mortality of the pests feeding on them. Many other eco-friendly methods for insect pest control such as Integrated Pest Management (IPM), use of bio-pesticides etc., are becoming popular. Bio-pesticides and IPM should show good growth in the future, as there is growing concern for the eco-friendly organic agriculture and could be achieved through Good Agriculture Practices (GAP). Use of pesticides requires a proper understanding of the chemistry, their handling and their use in crop protection or hygiene. These are toxic chemicals and require a good understanding of therapy and antidotes at the time of poisoning. This e-book covers pesticide chemistry, metabolic/degradation pathways, biochemical toxicology, therapy and antidotes, nano-pesticides and terminologies associated with pesticide toxicology. the book should serve as a text book for academia, or as a reference work for agriculturists, environmentalists and industry professionals.

Mode of Action Metabolism and Toxicology

Author: S. Matsunaka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483150453
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Pesticide Chemistry: Human Welfare and the Environment, Volume 3: Mode of Action, Metabolism and Toxicology covers the proceeding of the Fifth International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry. This book is organized into three parts that tackle relevant issues regarding the use of pesticide. The opening part tackles topics relevant to the biochemistry of pests and mode of action of pesticides, such as influence of chlorinated and parathyroid insecticide on cellular calcium regulatory mechanisms; behavioral and lethal actions of amidines on invertebrates; and insect chitin synthetase as biochemical probe for insecticidal compounds. The second part encompasses metabolism and degradation of pesticides and xenobiotics and includes topics on propesticides; selective toxicity conferred by activation; and comparative biochemistry of animal, plant, and microorganism oxidases. The last part covers the toxicology of pesticides and xenobiotics, including the role of biochemical studies in modern toxicological assessment of pesticides; neurophysiological and behavioral assessment of pesticide toxicity; and genetic toxicology applied to the assessment of mutagenic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic action of pesticides and related compounds. This book will be of great interest to chemists, biologists, botanists, and entomologists or professionals whose line of work involves the use of pesticides and who are concerned with pesticide side-effects to the users and the environment.

Pesticide Toxicology and International Regulation

Author: Dr Timothy T. Marrs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471496441
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book brings together key features of the toxicology and occupational hazards of pesticides and the way their use is regulated in the main trading regions of the world. There are chapters on each of the main groups of insecticides, namely organochlorines, anticholinesterases and pyrethrins and pyrethroids. The book also covers fungicides and herbicides, as well as more specialised agents such as microbial pesticides. The risks and hazards to humans are considered, both occupational and through the consumption of contaminated foodstuffs. Additionally, clinical aspects of pesticide poisoning are discussed. The possibility of harm from pesticide exposure has led to the development of national and international regulations governing the application of pesticides. The book describes the regulatory systems in three major economic areas: the North American Free Trade Area (USA, Canada and Mexico), the European Union and Japan. This book should be of interest to all individuals working on the development and application of pesticides anywhere in the world. All those involved in the manufacture, regulation and toxicology of pesticides should also benefit from reading this book.

Pesticide Biotransformation and Disposition

Author: Ernest Hodgson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123854822
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biotransformation of Pesticides is an updated, "one-stop" resource for academic, industry and regulatory scientists involved in research and regulatory activities related to pesticide biotransformation and human health. This book provides an in depth look at how pesticides are biotransformed, which is essential to understanding exposure, dose, toxicity and health risks. This essential reference contains the biotransformation of pesticides from uptake to excretion, including toxicokinetics and emphasizes metabolism in non-target species, including experimental animals and humans. Includes four new chapters and expanded material on pesticide biotransformation and disposition, an active area of pesticide toxicology that is becoming increasingly important for human health risk assessment Offers a practical and portable guide covering the most up-to-date research results on metabolic transformations of pesticides Provides scientists and regulatory researchers with the information they need to conduct accurate risk assessments and make informed decisions on which exposures to study further in human populations