The Trial of Galileo 1612 1633

Author: Thomas F. Mayer
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605197
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Examines Galileo's trial as a legal event. Includes correspondence, legal documents, transcripts and excerpts from Galileo's work for critical analysis of primary sources. Includes an introduction detailing Galileo's life and work, the Council of Trent, the role of the papacy and the Roman Inquisition and gives a clear explanation of how a trial before the Inquisition would have been conducted. Each primary source begins with a headnote, questions to guide students through each source and suggested readings.

Galileo Revisited

Author: Dom Paschal Scotti
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 1621641325
Format: PDF, Mobi
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No other work on Galileo Galilei has brought together such a complete description of the historical context in its political, cultural, philosophical, religious, scientific, and personal aspects as this volume has done. In addition to covering the whole of Galileo's life, it focuses on those things that are most pertinent to the Galileo Affair, which culminated in his condemnation by the Inquisition in 1633. It also includes an extensive discussion of the relationship between religion and science in general, and of the relationship between Christianity and science in particular, without which a true understanding of the affair is much weakened. This discussion of the relationship of Christianity with science-a long, generally positive relationship-is most timely since the case of Galileo is, as many historians and Pope Benedict XVI have stated, the beginning of the alienation of the Church from much of the intellectual culture of our present age. The "warfare between science and religion" is an old myth that should finally be retired, but for many it is still axiomatic. This work shows the significance of astrology in the history of society and the Church (Galileo was a master astrologer), and the importance of the internal tensions and factions within the Roman Curia in the seventeenth century. It also tells of the profound battles among Church leadership over the direction of the Church in a time of uncertainty and intellectual and cultural ferment. The Galileo Affair is not just of its time and place, and it is not just about Galileo, but it touches upon that perennial issue of how the Church deals with issues of adaptation and change.

Burned Alive

Author: Alberto A. Martinez
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1780239408
Format: PDF, Docs
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In 1600, the Catholic Inquisition condemned the philosopher and cosmologist Giordano Bruno for heresy, and he was then burned alive in the Campo de’ Fiori in Rome. Historians, scientists, and philosophical scholars have traditionally held that Bruno’s theological beliefs led to his execution, denying any link between his study of the nature of the universe and his trial. But in Burned Alive, Alberto A. Martínez draws on new evidence to claim that Bruno’s cosmological beliefs—that the stars are suns surrounded by planetary worlds like our own, and that the Earth moves because it has a soul—were indeed the primary factor in his condemnation. Linking Bruno’s trial to later confrontations between the Inquisition and Galileo in 1616 and 1633, Martínez shows how some of the same Inquisitors who judged Bruno challenged Galileo. In particular, one clergyman who authored the most critical reports used by the Inquisition to condemn Galileo in 1633 immediately thereafter wrote an unpublished manuscript in which he denounced Galileo and other followers of Copernicus for their beliefs about the universe: that many worlds exist and that the Earth moves because it has a soul. Challenging the accepted history of astronomy to reveal Bruno as a true innovator whose contributions to the science predate those of Galileo, this books shows that is was cosmology, not theology, that led Bruno to his death.

The Roman Inquisition

Author: Thomas F. Mayer
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812246551
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Few legal events loom as large in early modern history as the trial of Galileo. Frequently cast as a heroic scientist martyred to religion or as a scapegoat of papal politics, Galileo undoubtedly stood at a watershed moment in the political maneuvering of a powerful church. But to fully understand how and why Galileo came to be condemned by the papal courts--and what role he played in his own downfall--it is necessary to examine the trial within the context of inquisitional law. With this final installment in his magisterial trilogy on the seventeenth-century Roman Inquisition, Thomas F. Mayer has provided the first comprehensive study of the legal proceedings against Galileo. By the time of the trial, the Roman Inquisition had become an extensive corporatized body with direct authority over local courts and decades of documented jurisprudence. Drawing deeply from those legal archives as well as correspondence and other printed material, Mayer has traced the legal procedure from Galileo's first precept in 1616 to his second trial in 1633. With an astonishing mastery of the legal underpinnings and bureaucratic workings of inquisitorial law, Mayer's work compares the course of legal events to other possible outcomes within due process, showing where the trial departed from standard procedure as well as what available recourse Galileo had to shift the direction of the trial. The Roman Inquisition: Trying Galileo presents a detailed and corrective reconstruction of the actions both in the courtroom and behind the scenes that led to one of history's most notorious verdicts.

The Roman Inquisition on the Stage of Italy C 1590 1640

Author: Thomas F. Mayer
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812245733
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drawing on the Roman Inquisition's own records, diplomatic correspondence, local documents, newsletters, and other sources, Thomas F. Mayer provides an intricately detailed account of the ways the Inquisition operated to serve the papacy's long-standing political aims in Naples, Venice, and Florence between 1590 and 1640.

The Trial of Galileo

Author: Frederick Purnell
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Trial of Galileo: Aristotelianism, the "New Cosmology," and the Catholic Church , 1616-1633 shows the confrontation between Copernicanism, as brilliantly propounded by Galileo, and the elegant cosmology of Aristotle, as defended energetically by conservatives within the Inquisition. Part of the “Reacting to the Past” series, this text consists of a game in which students are assigned roles, informed by classic texts, set in a particular moment of intellectual and social ferment. The issues range from the nature of faith and the meaning of the Bible to the scientific principles and methods as advanced by Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Giordano Bruno, and Galileo. The game includes several optional science labs in optics and astronomy.

The Essential Galileo

Author: Galileo Galilei
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603843582
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Edited and translated by Maurice A. Finocchiaro, an international authority on Galileo, this collection makes available to scholars and students an excellent and extensive selection of Galileo's key works from his early career to the end of his life--some in toto and some represented by key selections. It presents not only Galileo's most famous works but also a range of less-known texts as well as an excellent selection of the documents from the trial of 1633 and from the 1616 condemnation of Copernicus. In addition to the breadth and quality of the selections, this volume is particularly attractive to students and instructors thanks to Finocchiaro's expert and up-to-date introductions, biographical sketch, chronology, annotated bibliography, and glossary. This is a must for anyone teaching or studying Galileo, the scientific revolution, and the relationship between science and religion." --Mario Biagioli, Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University

Galileos Tochter

Author: Dava Sobel
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827072379
Format: PDF, ePub
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Celeste ging bereits als junges Mädchen ins Kloster. Über hundert Briefe an den Vater sind erhalten und zeigen einen Galileo, wie wir ihn nicht kennen: voller Mut, die Wahrheiten, auf die er stieß, zu erklären. Sobel versteht es meisterlich, die Stimmen von Galileo und seiner Tochter in ihre Erzählung einzuweben. Und sie führt uns die wohl dramatischste Konfrontation von Kirche und Wissenschaft vor Augen, die es in der Geschichte gegeben hat.