The Urban Sublime in American Literary Naturalism

Author: Christophe Den Tandt
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252067044
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this dynamic reappraisal of American literary naturalism, Christophe Den Tandt connects late nineteenth-century fiction to its romantic, urban gothic roots and to recent discussions of the sublime in postmodern theory. Den Tandt focuses on aspects of naturalist novels -- their use of hyperbole and hysteria, of the grotesque and the abject, of uncanniness and mesmerism -- that have often been left in the periphery of naturalist discourse. He argues that realistic strategies of literary representation can never succeed in depicting the urban environment since the logic of the city rests on a network of hidden relations. Naturalist texts try to resolve this dilemma by opposing sublime components and realistic documentary elements.

Nietzsche Anarchism An Elective Affinity and a Nietzschean reading of the December 08 revolt in Athens

Author: Christos Iliopoulos
Publisher: Vernon Press
ISBN: 1622736036
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book aims to establish the bond between Friedrich Nietzsche and the anarchists, through the apparatus of “elective affinity”, and to challenge the boundaries of several anarchist trends – especially “classical” and “post” anarchism – and “ideologies” like anarchism and libertarian Marxism. Moreover, it highlights the importance of reading Nietzsche politically, in a radical way, to understand his utility for the contemporary anarchist movement. The review of the literature concerning the Nietzsche-anarchy relationship shows the previously limited bibliography and stresses the possibility of exploring this connection, with the methodological help of Michael Löwy’s concept of “elective affinity”. The significance of this finding is that the relevant affinity may contribute to an alternative, to the dominant, perception of anarchism as an ideology. It may also designate its special features together with its weaknesses, meaning the objections of Nietzsche to certain aspects of the anarchist practices and worldview (violence, resentment, bad conscience), thus opening a whole new road of self-criticism for the anarchists of the twenty first century. In addition, the location and analysis of the elective affinity serves the debunking of the Nietzschean concepts used by conservative and right-wing readings in order to appropriate Nietzsche, and of the accusations that the German philosopher had unleashed against anarchists, which reveals his misunderstanding of anarchist politics. The final part of this book applies the whole analysis above on a Nietzschean reading of the December ’08 revolt in Athens based on the “Of the Three Metamorphoses” discourse from Thus Spoke Zarathustra, offering an alternative view of the events that shook Greece and also had an important global impact.

Volume 9 Kierkegaard and Existentialism

Author: Jon Stewart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351874217
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There can be no doubt that most of the thinkers who are usually associated with the existentialist tradition, whatever their actual doctrines, were in one way or another influenced by the writings of Kierkegaard. This influence is so great that it can be fairly stated that the existentialist movement was largely responsible for the major advance in Kierkegaard's international reception that took place in the twentieth century. In Kierkegaard's writings one can find a rich array of concepts such as anxiety, despair, freedom, sin, the crowd, and sickness that all came to be standard motifs in existentialist literature. Sartre played an important role in canonizing Kierkegaard as one of the forerunners of existentialism. However, recent scholarship has been attentive to his ideological use of Kierkegaard. Indeed, Sartre seemed to be exploiting Kierkegaard for his own purposes and suspicions of misrepresentation and distortions have led recent commentators to go back and reexamine the complex relation between Kierkegaard and the existentialist thinkers. The articles in the present volume feature figures from the French, German, Spanish and Russian traditions of existentialism. They examine the rich and varied use of Kierkegaard by these later thinkers, and, most importantly, they critically analyze his purported role in this famous intellectual movement.

Nietzsche s Affirmative Morality

Author: Peter Durno Murray
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110800519
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book argues that Nietzsche bases his affirmative morality on the model of individual responsiveness to otherness which he takes from the mythology of Dionysus. The subject is not free to choose to avoid such responding to the demands of the other. Nietzsche finds that the basic mode of responding is pleasure. This feeling, as a basis for morality, underlies the morality which is true to the earth and the major concepts of “will to power”, “eternal return”, and “amor fati”. The priority of otherness makes all thought ethical and not only aesthetic. The basis of all meanings combines the fundamental impulse of responding outwards with an immediate complement in the individual interpretation-world. This is specifically ethical because the recognition of our own historical specificity arises as a result of the refusal of others to become mere differences within our notion of the Same, and through their demand that we “become who we are” in the recognition of their separate existence.

Immediacy and Meaning

Author: Caitlin Smith Gilson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 150132912X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Immediacy and Meaning seeks to approach the odd uneasiness at root in all metaphysical meaning; that the human knower attempts to mediate what cannot be mediated; that there is a pre-cognitive immemorial immediacy to Being that renders its participants irreducible, incommunicable and personal. The dilemma of metaphysics rests on the relationship between the spectator and the player, both as essential responses to the immediacy of Being. Immediacy and Meaning is an attempt to pause, but without retreat, to be a spectator within the game, to gain access into this immediate Presence, for a moment only perhaps, before the signatory failure into metaphysical language returns us to the mediated. J. K. Huysman's semi-autobiographical tetralogy anchors this book as a meditation, neither purely poetic nor only philosophical; it claims a unique territory when attempting to speak what cannot be spoken. The unnerving merits of nominalism, the difficulties of an honest appraisal of efficacious prayer, the mad sanity of the muse, the relationship between the uncreated and the created, and an originary ethics of antagonism, each serves to clarify the formation of a new epistemology.

Ecce Homo

Author: Friedrich Nietzsche
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 3849616258
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Ecce homo. Wie man wird, was man ist ist eine autobiographische Schrift des Philosophen Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche arbeitete von Oktober 1888 bis zu seinem Zusammenbruch Anfang 1889 an dem Werk, das zum ersten Mal 1908 im Auftrag des Nietzsche-Archivs veröffentlicht wurde. Es ist nicht vollständig überliefert und in seiner heute anerkannten Form erst seit den 1970ern bekannt. In Ecce homo gibt Nietzsche rückblickend Deutungen seiner philosophischen Schriften und präsentiert sich selbst und seine Erkenntnisse als schicksalhafte Ereignisse von weltbewegender Größe. Dabei stehen die Themen seines Spätwerks, besonders die Kritik am Christentum und die angekündigte „Umwertung aller Werte“, im Vordergrund. (aus wikipedia.de)

The Vision of Nietzsche

Author: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Publisher: Element Books Limited
ISBN:
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God is dead, there are no universal truths, no morality. We stand alone in the universe ... Nietzsche conjured up nihilism, embraced it, then discovered that this philosophy was untenable. But out of his struggle emerged his great redemptive vision - the will to power of the Superman. This powerful book presents an introduction to Nietzsche's life, while carefully selected excerpts from his writings show the development of his thinking. Finally Novak compares Nietzsche's ideal of the Superman with Buddhism's tried and tested notion of the Bodhisattva.

Academic Repression

Author: Anthony J. Nocella
Publisher: A K PressDistribution
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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After 9/11, the Bush administration pressured universities to hand over faculty, staff and student work to be flagged for potential threats. This edited anthology brings together hard-hitting essays from prominent academics to address the pressing issue of whether academic freedom still exists in the American university system. As such, it addresses not only overt attacks on critical thinking, but also - following trends unfolding for decades - engages the broad socio-economic determinants of academic culture.