The Unfinished Revolution

Author: Kathleen Gerson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199707553
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the controversial public debate over modern American families, the vast changes in family life--the rise of single, two-paycheck, and same-sex parents--have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of "family values," but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to have a vibrant and committed family and work life. Despite the entrance of women into the workforce and the blurring of once clearly defined gender boundaries, men and women live in a world where the demands of balancing parenting and work, autonomy and commitment, time and money are left largely unresolved. Gerson finds that while an overwhelming majority of young men and women see an egalitarian balance within committed relationships as the ideal, today's social and economic realities remain based on conventional--and now obsolete--distinctions between breadwinning and caretaking. In this equity vacuum, men and women develop conflicting strategies, with women stressing self-reliance and men seeking a new traditionalism. With compassion for all perspectives, Gerson argues that whether one decides to give in to traditionally imbalanced relationships or to avoid marriage altogether, these approaches are second-best responses, not personal preferences or inherent attributes, and they will shift if new options can be created to help people achieve their egalitarian aspirations. The Unfinished Revolution offers clear recommendations for the kinds of workplace and community changes that would best bring about a more egalitarian family life--a new flexibility at work and at home that benefits families, encourages a thriving economy, and helps women and men integrate love and work. Praise for the Hardcover: "Over the past three decades, social change has blown apart the old-fashioned ideal of the nuclear family--and Gerson has set out to map where the pieces have landed." --New York Post "Valuable for the abundance and candor of the testimony from this unmoored generation pioneering through radically altered conceptions of personal and professional life." --Publishers Weekly "This is not a battle that can be won with legal challenges or legislation. Yes, it would undoubtedly be greatly aided by the passage of major social policies such as universal child care. But at its core, this is a fight that plays out within homes and between partners. And as Gerson's research makes clear, the fight has not changed all that dramatically in the past 30 years." --The American Prospect

Gender Paradoxien

Author: Judith Lorber
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663014835
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Mit den Gender-Paradoxien erscheint das wichtigste Buch der in New York lebenden Feministin und Soziologin Judith Lorber in deutscher Sprache. Auf der Grundlage eines sozial-konstruktivistischen Ansatzes zeigt Lorber, wie die Unterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern ebenso wie die Unterschiede zwischen Hetero- und Homosexuellen in der sozialen Praxis hergestellt und institutionalisiert werden. Dabei wird Gender als soziale Basis-Institution konzeptualisiert, die - vergleichbar den Institutionen Familie, Ökonomie und Religion - das soziale Leben in allen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen grundlegend strukturiert und prägt. Darüber hinaus nimmt Judith Lorber eine kategoriale Differenzierung zwischen Sex, Sexualität und Gender vor. Jede dieser Kategorien ist sozial konstruiert, und jede entzieht sich bei genauerer Betrachtung einer binären Ordnung.Zielsetzung des Buches ist ein Beitrag zur Beseitigung der Ungleichheiten zwischen Männern und Frauen. "Wenn die gender-Ungleichheit abgeschafft werden soll, müssen die gender entweder in jeder Hinsicht völlig gleichgestellt werden oder gender darf nicht länger eine zentrale soziale Kategorie sein, die bestimmt, welcher soziale Status einem Menschen zugewiesen wird."

Sync Your Relationship Save Your Marriage

Author: Peter Fraenkel, Ph.D.
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 0230115667
Format: PDF, Docs
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Award-winning couples therapist Peter Fraenkel argues that most relationship problems can be traced to partners being out of sync on the powerful but mostly hidden dimension of time. Differences in daily rhythms, personal pace, punctuality, time perspective, and priorities about how time is allocated can all lead to couple conflict. Yet the fascinating fact is that these polarizing time differences play a potent role in attracting lovers in the first place. In this trailblazing new book, he draws on his original research to show how a clearer understanding of these forces can improve the health of your relationship and even rescue a failing one.

Unfinished Business

Author: Ruth Milkman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 080146949X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Unfinished Business documents the history and impact of California's paid family leave program, the first of its kind in the United States, which began in 2004. Drawing on original data from fieldwork and surveys of employers, workers, and the larger California adult population, Ruth Milkman and Eileen Appelbaum analyze in detail the effect of the state’s landmark paid family leave on employers and workers. They also explore the implications of California’s decade-long experience with paid family leave for the nation, which is engaged in ongoing debate about work-family policies. Milkman and Appelbaum recount the process by which California workers and their allies built a coalition to win passage of paid family leave in the state legislature, and lay out the lessons for advocates in other states and localities, as well as the nation. Because paid leave enjoys extensive popular support across the political spectrum, campaigns for such laws have an excellent chance of success if some basic preconditions are met. Do paid family leave and similar programs impose significant costs and burdens on employers? Business interests argue that they do and routinely oppose any and all legislative initiatives in this area. Once the program took effect in California, this book shows, large majorities of employers themselves reported that its impact on productivity, profitability, and performance was negligible or positive. Unfinished Business demonstrates that the California program is well managed and easy to access, but that awareness of its existence remains limited. Moreover, those who need the program’s benefits most urgently—low-wage workers, young workers, immigrants, and disadvantaged minorities—are least likely to know about it. As a result, the long-standing pattern of inequality in access to paid leave has remained largely intact.

For the Family

Author: Sarah Damaske
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912041
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the contentious debate about women and work, conventional wisdom holds that middle-class women can decide if they work, while working-class women need to work. Yet, even after the recent economic crisis, middle-class women are more likely to work than working-class women. Sarah Damaske deflates the myth that financial needs dictate if women work, revealing that financial resources make it easier for women to remain at work and not easier to leave it. Departing from mainstream research, Damaske finds three main employment patterns: steady, pulled back, and interrupted. She discovers that middle-class women are more likely to remain steadily at work and working-class women more likely to experience multiple bouts of unemployment. She argues that the public debate is wrongly centered on need because women respond to pressure to be selfless mothers and emphasize family need as the reason for their work choices. Whether the decision is to stay home or go to work, women from all classes say work decisions are made for their families. In For the Family?, Sarah Damaske at last provides a far more nuanced and richer picture of women, work, and class than the one commonly drawn.

Keine Zeit

Author: Arlie Hochschild
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531144689
Format: PDF, Docs
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Diese Studie aus den USA untersucht die Situation berufstätiger Eltern zwischen den Anforderungen einer globalisierten Arbeitswelt und denen des Familienlebens. Es bleibt buchstäblich ,Keine Zeit'. Warum das so ist, zeigt dieses Publikation über die Praxis eines Unternehmens im Mittleren Westen der USA. In Interviews mit den Beschäftigten eines großen amerikanischen Konzerns geht die Autorin der Frage nach, warum so viele Eltern über Zeitnot klagen und trotzdem nur wenige die familienfreundlichen Arbeitszeitregelungen des Unternehmens nutzen. Noch vor dem ersten Interview ermittelte Hochschild, dass nur 3 % aller Beschäftigten mit Kindern von 13 Jahren und jünger Teilzeit arbeiteten; nur ein Prozent machte Job Sharing; gerade ein Drittel der Eltern hatten flexible Arbeitszeiten - die übrigen arbeiteten neun oder zehn Stunden am Tag mit festen Zeiten. Alle kannten das vielfältige Angebot der fortschrittlichen Unternehmung, welche zum Ziel hat, die Karriere und Familie problemlos miteinander zu verbinden. Weshalb nutzten so viele Eltern nicht die großzügigen Angebote von Amerco? In den 130 Interviews kristallisierte sich heraus, dass sie weitgehend dem Bild vom "idealen" Angestellten entsprechen wollten - ein in den USA weit verbreitetes Leitbild, in dessen Zentrum Flexibilität steht: die Bereitschaft, ohne Widerspruch andere Aufgaben in der Firma zu übernehmen, Überstunden zu machen, in Notfällen die Arbeit anderer mit zu erledigen oder jederzeit umzuziehen.

Generation Unbound

Author: Isabel V. Sawhill
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725590
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Over half of all births to young adults in the United States now occur outside of marriage, and many are unplanned. The result is increased poverty and inequality for children. The left argues for more social support for unmarried parents; the right argues for a return to traditional marriage. In Generation Unbound, Isabel V. Sawhill offers a third approach: change "drifters" into "planners." In a well-written and accessible survey of the impact of family structure on child well-being, Sawhill contrasts "planners," who are delaying parenthood until after they marry, with "drifters," who are having unplanned children early and outside of marriage. These two distinct patterns are contributing to an emerging class divide and threatening social mobility in the United States. Sawhill draws on insights from the new field of behavioral economics, showing that it is possible, by changing the default, to move from a culture that accepts a high number of unplanned pregnancies to a culture in which adults only have children when they are ready to be a parent.

Equally Shared Parenting

Author: Marc Vachon
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101171294
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This Is Parenting on Your Own Terms Chances are, you'd rather not forfeit your happy, rested life the moment you become a parent. As a mom, you may want to keep your career, but aren't sure how to balance it with housework and childcare. As a dad, you probably want to witness your child's milestones, but a demanding job may get in the way. And what about time for yourself (never mind your sex life)? Marc and Amy Vachon were determined to beat this scenario when their first child was born. They vowed to sidestep the world's expectations of new parents and create a parenthood model that worked for them. Their strategy was to share everything-the good and the bad. They became peers in each area of parenthood: childcare, housework, and breadwinning. They also made time for themselves, and for each other. They shared the burdens so nobody was overwhelmed, and the joys so neither missed out on the fun. Drawing on Marc and Amy's experiences, as well as those of dozens of ESP couples, Equally Shared Parenting shows you how to create a balanced life that is rarely experienced by today's parents. It's not just about who vacuums and who does the dishes, or who brings in the paycheck and who tends to the kids. You'll learn how to look at every aspect of parenthood, money, careers, and your individual needs, so you can build a life that works for you both.

Of War and Men

Author: Ralph LaRossa
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226467430
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fathers in the fifties tend to be portrayed as wise and genial pipe-smokers or distant, emotionless patriarchs. This common but limited stereotype obscures the remarkable diversity of their experiences and those of their children. To uncover the real story of fatherhood during this transformative era, Ralph LaRossa takes the long view—from the attack on Pearl Harbor up to the election of John F. Kennedy—revealing the myriad ways that World War II and its aftermath shaped men. Offering compelling accounts of people both ordinary and extraordinary, Of War and Men digs deep into the terrain of fatherhood. LaRossa explores the nature and aftereffects of combat, the culture of fear during the Cold War, the ways that fear altered the lives of racial and sexual minorities, and how the civil rights movement affected families both black and white. Overturning some calcified myths, LaRossa also analyzes the impact of suburbanization on fathers and their kids, discovering that living in the suburbs often strengthened their bond. And finally, looking beyond the idealized dad enshrined in TV sitcoms, Of War and Men explores the brutal side of family life in the postwar years. LaRossa’s richly researched book dismantles stereotypes while offering up a fascinating and incisive chronicle of fatherhood in all its complexity.

Emerging Adulthood

Author: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190209585
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In recent decades, the lives of people in their late teens and twenties have changed so dramatically that a new stage of life has developed. In his provocative work, Jeffrey Jensen Arnett has identified the period of emerging adulthood as distinct from both the adolescence that precedes it and the young adulthood that comes in its wake. Arnett's new paradigm has received a surge of scholarly attention due to his book that launched the field, Emerging Adulthood. On the 10th Anniversary of the publication of his groundbreaking work, the second edition of Emerging Adulthood fully updates and expands Arnett's findings and includes brand new chapters on media use, social class issues, and the distinctive problems of this life stage. In spite of the challenges they face, Arnett explains that emerging adults are particularly skilled at maintaining contradictory emotions--they are confident while being wary, and optimistic in the face of large degrees of uncertainty. Merging stories from the lives of emerging adults themselves with decades of research, Arnett covers a wide range of topics, including love and sex, relationships with parents, experiences at college and work, and views of what it means to be an adult. He also refutes many of the negative stereotypes about emerging adults today, finding that they are not "lazy" but remarkably hard-working in most cases, and not "selfish" but rather concerned with making a contribution to improving the world. As the nature of American youth and the meaning of adulthood further evolve, Emerging Adulthood will continue to be essential reading for understanding the face of modern America.