The Value of Science

Author: Henri Poincare
Publisher: Modern Library
ISBN: 0307824063
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More than any other writer of the twentieth century, Henri Poincaré brought the elegant, but often complicated, ideas about science and mathematics to the general reader. A genius who throughout his life solved complex mathematical calculations in his head, and a writer gifted with an inimitable style, Poincaré rose to the challenge of interpreting the philosophy of science to scientists and nonscientists alike. His lucid and welcoming prose made him the Carl Sagan of his time. This volume collects his three most important books: Science and Hypothesis (1903); The Value of Science (1905); and Science and Method (1908).

The Positive Mind

Author: Evaldas Nekrasas
Publisher: Central European University Press
ISBN: 9633860814
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is a radical reappraisal of positivism as a major movement in philosophy, science and culture. In examining positivist movement and its contemporary impact, the author had six goals. First, to provide a more precise and systematic definition of the notion of positivism. Second, to describe positivism as a trend of thought concerned not only with the theory of knowledge and philosophy of science, but also with problems of ethics, social, and political philosophy. Third, to examine the development of positivism as a movement: it was born in the 18th century during the Enlightenment, took the form of social positivism in the 19th century, was transformed at the turn of the 20th century with the emergence of empirio-criticism, and became logical positivism (or logical empiricism) in the 20th century. Fourth, to reveal the external and internal factors of this evolution. Fifth, to disclose the relation of positivism to other trends of philosophy. Sixth, to determine the influence the positive mind had upon other cultural phenomena, such as the natural and social sciences, law, politics, arts, religion, and everyday life.

Values in Psychological Science

Author: Lisa Osbeck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108587577
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this book, wide-ranging sources are utilized to seek alternatives to the science-value dichotomy and to move beyond unhelpful impasses between qualitative and quantitative methods. It urges new directions of impact for psychology through intra- and interdisciplinary collaboration in order to confront unprecedented global challenges, generate questions and articulate new possibilities for a sustainable future for humanity. The analysis places the researcher as the principal instrument of any science - an affordance and an ongoing form of demand. Foregrounding 'the personal' also emphasizes continuity across arts and sciences; the interfaces of which contain the full range of resources for innovative thinking. The enduring relevance of observation, imaginative sense-making, and perspective-taking to psychology are explored. In emphasizing that 'the person' and 'the personal' reflect interconnected systems of various levels, the book calls for an appreciation and cultivation of these activities in the psychological scientific community.

Einstein Relativity and Absolute Simultaneity

Author: William Lane Craig
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134003897
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Einstein, Relativity and Absolute Simultaneity is an anthology of original essays by an international team of leading philosophers and physicists who have come together to reassess the contemporary paradigm of the relativistic concept of time. A great deal has changed since 1905 when Einstein proposed his Special Theory of Relativity, and this book offers a fresh reassessment of Special Relativity’s relativistic concept of time in terms of epistemology, metaphysics, and physics.

The great beyond

Author: Paul Halpern
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
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Offers an intriguing study of the controversial theory of multiple dimensions, discussing the incompatibility of Einstein's theory of general relativity with quantum mechanics, tracing the history of hyperspace theory, and profiling some of the leading scientists in the field and their ground-breaking contributions to the science of physics.

Einstein s Generation

Author: Richard Staley
Publisher:
ISBN:
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'Einstein's Generation' offers a new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein's colleagues to his pioneering work.

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 5

Author: Dean Zimmerman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199575787
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is the forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character: this series is a much-needed focus for it. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philosophy ofmind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond to one another's criticisms and questions. This fifth volume is largely focused on the metaphysics of time, with sections on time travel;persistence through time; and time, space, and location. The final section of the volume is devoted to a neglected topic that is starting to attract philosophical attention: the metaphysics of sounds. Anyone who wants to know what's happening in metaphysics can start here.

Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie

Author: Steven S. Gubser
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827428486
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie bietet eine knappe und unterhaltsame Einführung in eines der meistdiskutierten Gebiete der modernen Physik. Die Stringtheorie gilt als eine „Theorie für Alles“, mit der sich sämtliche Grundkräfte der Natur beschreiben lassen. Bisher allerdings konnte sie experimentell nicht bestätigt werden, und unter Physikern wird sie sehr kontrovers diskutiert. Dieses Buch gibt Ihnen die Gelegenheit, sich ein eigenes Bild zu machen!