The Verdict of Battle

Author: James Q. Whitman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674071875
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Slaughter in battle was once seen as a legitimate way to settle disputes. When pitched battles ceased to exist, the law of victory gave way to the rule of unbridled force. Whitman explains why ritualized violence was more effective in ending carnage, and why humanitarian laws that view war as evil have led to longer, more barbaric conflicts.

33 Gesetze der Strategie

Author: Robert Greene
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446436421
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
In diesem Buch spannt Robert Greene einen weiten Bogen und stellt uns die Großmeister der Strategie vor, von Sunzi bis Churchill, von Hannibal über Friedrich den Großen bis Napoleon. Von ihren großen Erfolgen, aber auch von ihren Fehlern kann jeder lernen, denn strategisches Denken braucht man überall: in Wirtschaft und Politik, im Beruf wie im Privatleben. Die "33 Gesetze der Strategie" des Bestsellerautors Robert Greene erstmals auf Deutsch: knapp, prägnant, unterhaltsam.

Die Krise in der Fr hen Neuzeit

Author: Rudolf Schlögl
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647367281
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The notion that societal developments are primarily shaped by periods of crisis, and that recurrent crises are a constitutive element of history, is characteristic of the self-perception of modern societies. This contributions to this volume delineate this highly contingent development. They examine the “invention of the crisis” as a form of societal self-perception within different historical contexts and outline the use and proliferation of the crisis model in different social and cultural contexts within western-, mid, southern and eastern Europe. In this way, the volume contributes to a coherent historicization of the crisis phenomenon.

The Radical Enlightenment in Germany

Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004362215
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This volume investigates the impact of Radical Enlightenment thought on German culture during the eighteenth century. It takes recent work by Jonathan Israel as its point of departure and debates the precise nature of Enlightenment.

Justifying Revolution

Author: Glenn A. Moots
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806161337
Format: PDF
Download Now
The American imagination still exalts the Founders as the prime movers of the Revolution, and the War of Independence has become the stuff of legend. But America is not simply the invention of great men or the outcome of an inevitable political or social movement. The nation was the result of a hard, bloody, and destructive war. Justifying Revolution explores how the American Revolution’s opposing sides wrestled with thorny moral and legal questions. How could revolutionaries justify provoking a civil war, how should their opponents subdue the uprising, and how did military commanders restrain the ensuing violence? Drawing from a variety of disciplines and specialties, the authors assembled here examine the Revolutionary War in terms of just war theory: jus ad bellum, jus in bello, and jus post bellum—right or justice in going to, conducting, and concluding war. The chapters situate the Revolution in the context of early modern international relations, moral philosophy, military ethics, jurisprudence, and theology. The authors invite readers to reconsider the war with an eye to the justice and legality of entering armed conflict; the choices made by officers and soldiers in combat; and attempts to arrive at defensible terms of peace. Together, the contributions form the first sustained exploration of Americans’ and Britons’ use of just war theory as they battled over American independence. Justifying Revolution raises important questions about the political, legal, military, religious, philosophical, and diplomatic ramifications of eighteenth-century warfare—questions essential for understanding America’s origins.

Anatomy of Victory

Author: John D. Caldwell
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 153811478X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This groundbreaking book provides the first systematic comparison of America’s modern wars and why they were won or lost. John D. Caldwell uses the World War II victory as the historical benchmark for evaluating the success and failure of later conflicts. Unlike WWII, the Korean, Vietnam, and Iraqi Wars were limited, but they required enormous national commitments, produced no lasting victories, and generated bitter political controversies. Caldwell comprehensively examines these four wars through the lens of a strategic architecture to explain how and why their outcomes were so dramatically different. He defines a strategic architecture as an interlinked set of continually evolving policies, strategies, and operations by which combatant states work toward a desired end. Policy defines the high-level goals a nation seeks to achieve once it initiates a conflict or finds itself drawn into one. Policy makers direct a broad course of action and strive to control the initiative. When they make decisions, they have to respond to unforeseen conditions to guide and determine future decisions. Effective leaders are skilled at organizing constituencies they need to succeed and communicating to them convincingly. Strategy means employing whatever resources are available to achieve policy goals in situations that are dynamic as conflicts change quickly over time. Operations are the actions that occur when politicians, soldiers, and diplomats execute plans. A strategic architecture, Caldwell argues, is thus not a static blueprint but a dynamic vision of how a state can succeed or fail in a conflict.

Triumphs in the Age of Civil War

Author: Carsten Hjort Lange
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474267858
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Many of the wars of the Late Republic were largely civil conflicts. There was, therefore, a tension between the traditional expectation that triumphs should be celebrated for victories over foreign enemies and the need of the great commanders to give full expression to their prestige and charisma, and to legitimize their power. Triumphs in the Age of Civil War rethinks the nature and the character of the phenomenon of civil war during the Late Republic. At the same time it focuses on a key feature of the Roman socio-political order, the triumph, and argues that a commander could in practice expect to triumph after a civil war victory if it could also be represented as being over a foreign enemy, even if the principal opponent was clearly Roman. Significantly, the civil aspect of the war did not have to be denied. Carsten Hjort Lange provides the first study to consider the Roman triumph during the age of civil war, and argues that the idea of civil war as "normal" reflects the way civil war permeated the politics and society of the Late Roman Republic.

Das Zeichen des Sieges

Author: Bernard Cornwell
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644202613
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
England, Anfang des 15. Jahrhunderts. Der junge Nicholas Hook, Sohn eines mittellosen Schäfers, hat eine außerordentliche Gabe: Jeder Pfeil, den er abschießt, trifft sein Ziel. Um der Armut seiner Heimat zu entkommen, tritt er der Armee seines Königs Henry V. bei, die sich zum Kampf gegen die Franzosen rüstet. Doch das Soldatenleben ist hart und gefährlich. Als vor Harfleur die Ruhr ausbricht, sterben die Krieger wie die Fliegen. Nick überlebt mit knapper Not – mit Hilfe der schönen Melisande, die ihm beweist, dass nicht alle Franzosen Feinde sind. Schließlich bereitet sich Henry V. auf die letzte Schlacht vor. Bei Azincourt stehen nur noch 6000 Engländer einer überwältigenden Übermacht von 30 000 französischen Rittern gegenüber – eine aussichtslose Lage. Doch die Angreifer lassen einen unaufhörlichen Pfeilehagel auf ihre Feinde niederprasseln. Und auf dem schlammigen Acker in der Nähe der französischen Kanalküste wird Nick Zeuge eines Wunders ...