The Very Idea of Modern Science

Author: Joseph Agassi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400753519
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is a study of the scientific revolution as a movement of amateur science. It describes the ideology of the amateur scientific societies as the philosophy of the Enlightenment Movement and their social structure and the way they made modern science such a magnificent institution. It also shows what was missing in the scientific organization of science and why it gave way to professional science in stages. In particular the book studies the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon and of the Hon. Robert Boyle to the rise of modern science. The philosophy of induction is notoriously problematic, yet its great asset is that it expressed the view of the Enlightenment Movement about science. This explains the ambivalence that we still exhibit towards Sir Francis Bacon whose radicalism and vision of pure and applied science still a major aspect of the fabric of society. Finally, the book discusses Boyle’s philosophy, his agreement with and dissent from Bacon and the way he single-handedly trained a crowd of poorly educated English aristocrats and rendered them into an army of able amateur researchers.

Paradigm War

Author: Lia Laor
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443892742
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The story of piano pedagogy in 19th century Europe has yet to be fully told, although it is of immediate relevance for current music education. Europe at that time was the hub of unparalleled critical scholarly discourse, which deliberated on theories of piano pedagogy and the merits of pedagogical music. Impressively, this discourse was shaped by a wide diversity of contributors who included that period’s leading composers like Clementi, Czerny, Beethoven, and Schumann, as well as performers, pedagogues, and music critics, while even addressing parents and young piano students. Offering a unique glimpse into the rich primary sources of such interdisciplinary historical dialogue and musical works, Paradigm War: Lessons Learned from 19th Century Piano Pedagogy presents this story from a synoptic multidimensional viewpoint, integrating developmental-musical, as well as psychological-educational and aesthetic, perspectives. Thus, this book provides an intellectual map for critically evaluating these authentic early contributions to the field in terms of the two conflicting methodological paradigms that governed piano pedagogy of the time – mechanism and holism – which had emerged, respectively, from Enlightenment and Romantic philosophies. The paradigm war reached its climax and resolution in Robert Schumann’s works that, following Jean Paul Richter’s ideas on aesthetics and education, offered a methodological modification transcending both paradigms. Schumann’s innovative music for the young and his revolutionary pedagogical ideas—mostly ignored in the literature—are proposed here as the foundation for liberal and artistic piano pedagogy for our time, inspiring music teachers and piano pedagogues to partake in research that combines music, pedagogy, aesthetics, and education.

Material turn Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialit t und Materialismus

Author: Imke Leicht
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3847404067
Format: PDF
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Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Isaac Newton

Author: James Geick
Publisher: Svenska Historiska Media Förlag AB
ISBN: 917593051X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Isaac Newton (1643–1727) föddes i en värld av mörker, ovisshet och magi. Han saknade föräldrar, älskarinnor, vänner och grälade bittert med de framstående män som korsade hans väg. Han höljde sitt arbete i hemlighetsfullhet och lyckades upptäcka mer av den väsentliga kärnan i människans kunskap än vad någon annan gjort, vare sig förr eller senare. Newton var den moderna världens chefsarkitekt. Det var han som löste de uråldriga filosofiska gåtorna om ljus och rörelse, och det var i praktiken han som upptäckte gravitationen. Genom att visa hur man förutsäger himlakropparnas omloppsbanor kunde han fastställa vår plats i universum. Det som Newton kom fram till utgör än idag själva kärnan i det vi vet. James Gleick berättar inträngande om Newton som person och hur hans personlighet och upplevelser ledde fram till de vetenskapliga upptäckterna. Gleicks berättelse är skriven nästan som en roman med syftet att få människan Newton att framträda, inte bara vetenskapsmannen och hans upptäckter. Recensenter i USA utnämner Gleick till en av de bästa skildrarna av populärvetenskap för läsare utan specialkunskaper.