Mehr Wert

Author: Lucien Karpik
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593412306
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nach welchen Kriterien entscheidet der Konsument, welchen Film er sich im Kino anschaut, welche CD er kauft, welchen Wein er trinkt, zu welchem Arzt er geht? Lucien Karpik beantwortet diese Fragen mit einer neuen Theorie des Marktes, die über die neoklassische Wirtschaftstheorie hinausgeht. Im Mittelpunkt steht das Funktionieren von Produkten, denen ein Nimbus des Einzigartigen anhaftet – Kunstwerke, Luxus- und Kulturgüter, spezielle Expertisen. Nicht aufgrund des Gebrauchswerts fällt die Entscheidung, sondern aufgrund besonderer Eigenschaften, die das Produkt für den potenziellen Käufer ganz subjektiv reizvoll machen: Wer hat die Aufführung inszeniert oder wer hat sie empfohlen? Wie »authentisch« erscheint dieser besondere Wein? Dabei ist die vermutete Qualität des Produkts – sein Versprechen – für die Kaufentscheidung wichtiger als der Preis. Erstmals gelingt es hier plausibel zu machen, wie die Sphären von Markt und Kultur zusammenhängen. Lucien Karpiks neue Wirtschaftstheorie gründet auf empirischen Studien und überzeugt durch ihre besondere Anschaulichkeit.

The Vanishing American Lawyer

Author: Thomas D. Morgan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019974937X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Over 4,000 lawyers lost their positions at major American law firms in 2008 and 2009. In The Vanishing American Lawyer, Professor Thomas Morgan discusses the legal profession and the need for both law students and lawyers to adapt to the needs and expectations of clients in the future. The world needs people who understand institutions that create laws and how to access those institutions' works, but lawyers are no longer part of a profession that is uniquely qualified to advise on a broad range of distinctly legal questions. Clients will need advisors who are more specialized than many lawyers are today and who have more expertise in non-legal issues. Many of today's lawyers do not have a special ability to provide such services. While American lawyers have been hesitant to change the ways they can improve upon meeting client needs, lawyers in other countries, notably Great Britain and Australia, have been better at adapting. Law schools must also recognize the world their students will face and prepare them to operate successfully within it. Professor Morgan warns that lawyers must adapt to new client needs and expectations. The term "professional" should be applied to individuals who deserve praise for skilled and selfless efforts, but this term may lead to occupational suicide if it becomes a justification for not seeing and adapting to the world ahead.

The Law Firm and the Public Good

Author: Robert A. Katzmann
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815720027
Format: PDF, Docs
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What can law firms do to ensure justice for all? How can they serve the needs of those unable to pay? How can law firms improve the quality of life for their lawyers? At a time when government support for legal aid is limited and under fire, when recent U.S. presidents have urged increased volunteerism, when the American Bar Association's Law Firm Pro Bono Challenge is under way, and when some within the legal profession have called for mandatory pro bono work, this new book examines these important questions. The Law Firm and the Public Good blends academic scholarship with real world experience as it brings together lawyers who have wrestled with the pressures of everyday practice. Concerned about deepening the commitment of large law firms to the wider community, the authors seek to provide a blueprint for firms concerned with creating, developing, implementing, and evaluating pro bono programs. Moving beyond the ethical arguments which justify a law firm's commitment to community service, the authors argue that pro bono work is in the firm's self-interest. They show that a heightened concern with the public good can improve a lawyer's spirit, sharpen lawyering skills, and enhance the humanistic traditions of law practice. They conclude that professional responsibility and self-interest support the same conclusion: that the law firm and the public good are inextricably linked and that each can draw strength from the other in ways that nourish both. The contributors are William A. Bradford, Jr., Hogan & Hartson; Senior Circuit Judge Frank M. Coffin, U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit; Anthony F. Earley, Jr., Detroit Edison; Marc Galanter, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Donald W. Hoagland, Davis, Graham & Stubbs; William C. Kelly, Jr., Latham & Watkins; Esther F. Lardent, director of the ABA's Law Firm Pro Bono Project; Edwin L. Noel, Armstrong, Teasdale, Schlafly & Davis; Thomas Palay, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Judge Barrington D. Parker, Jr., U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York; and Lewis F. Powell, III, Hunton & Williams.

Chicago Lawyers

Author: John P. Heinz
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610442849
Format: PDF, Docs
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What determines the systematic allocation of status, power, and economic reward among lawyers? What kind of social structure organizes lawyers’ roles in the bar and in the larger community? As Heinz and Laumann convincingly demonstrate, the legal profession is stratified primarily by the character of the clients served, not by the type of legal service rendered. In fact, the distinction between corporate and individual clients divides the bar into two remarkably separate hemispheres. Using data from extensive personal interviews with nearly 800 Chicago lawyers, the authors show that lawyers who serve one type of client seldom serve the other. Furthermore, lawyers’ political, ethno-religious, and social ties are very likely to correspond to those of their client types. Greater deference is consistently shown to corporate lawyers, who seem to acquire power by association with their powerful clients. Heinz and Laumann also discover that these two “hemispheres” of the legal profession are not effectively integrated by intraprofessional organizations such as the bar, courts, or law schools. The fact that the bar is structured primarily along extraprofessional lines raises intriguing questions about the law and the nature of professionalism, questions addressed in a provocative and far-ranging final chapter. This volume, published jointly with the American Bar Foundation, offers a uniquely sophisticated and comprehensive analysis of lawyers’ professional lives. It will be of exceptional importance to sociologists and others interested in the legal profession, in the general study of professions, and in social stratification and the distribution of power.

How to Complete and Survive a Doctoral Dissertation

Author: David Sternberg
Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
ISBN: 1466884703
Format: PDF
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How to Complete and Survive a Doctoral Dissertation by David Sternberg Mastering these skills spells the difference between "A.B.D." and "Ph.D." -refuting the magnum opus myth -coping with the dissertation as obsession (magnificent or otherwise) -the fine art of selecting a topic -writing the dissertation with publication in mind -when to stand your ground and when to prudently retreat if the committee's conception of your thesis differs substantially from your own -dealing with obstructive committee members, and keeping the fences mended -how to reconsider "negative" findings as useful data -reviewing your progress, and getting out of the "dissertation dumps" -defending your paper successfully--distinguishing between mere formalities and a serious substantive challenge -exploiting the career potential of your dissertation -and much, much more