The Whale and the Reactor

Author: Langdon Winner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226902098
Format: PDF, ePub
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"The questions he poses about the relationship between technical change and political power are pressing ones that can no longer be ignored, and identifying them is perhaps the most a nascent 'philosophy of technology' can expect to achieve at the present time."—David Dickson, New York Times Book Review "The Whale and the Reactor is the philosopher's equivalent of superb public history. In its pages an analytically trained mind confronts some of the most pressing political issues of our day."—Ruth Schwartz Cowan, Isis

Whalerider

Author: Witi Ihimaera
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3688109341
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ein Mädchen lebt die Legende. Eine Herde Wale strandet an der Küste Neuseelands. Koro Apirana, der Stammesführer der Maori, ist verzweifelt. Er glaubt an ein Zeichen. Jahrtausendelang war die Beziehung seines Volkes zu den Walen tief und ehrfurchtsvoll, denn der Sage nach ritt einst der Urvater auf dem Rücken eines mächtigen Wals an Land. Wer kann die heiligen Tiere retten und Koros Volk Stärke und Stolz zurückgeben? Niemand denkt an Kahu, seine Enkelin, die das Leid der Wale nicht länger erträgt ... Ein magisches, weises Buch über die Verbundenheit von Mensch und Tier, die Leben spendende Kraft der Tradition und über ein junges Mädchen, das neue Hoffnung in ihre Welt bringt.

Natur

Author: Cordula Kropp
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663091813
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Welchen Beitrag kann die Soziologie für die Behandlung der ökologischen Frage leisten? Sie setzt das Verhältnis von Gesellschaft in die jeweiligen historischen und kulturellen Zusammenhänge, sie entschleiert - stets selbst perspektivisch - vermeintliche Natur- und Sachzwänge und sensibilisiert damit für die politische Gestaltbarkeit gesellschaftlicher Naturverhältnisse. Cordula Kropp vergleicht systematisch verschiedene Perspektiven auf "Natur" - naturalistische, soziozentrische und insbesondere jüngere, "vermittlungstheoretische" Herangehensweisen. Aus der kritischen Zusammenschau entwickelt sie einen Beitrag für eine "Soziologie der Natur", in dessen Rahmen "Natur" zugleich imaginiert und real, historisch und politisch gedacht wird. Dabei wird deutlich, daß die große Herausforderung moderner Gesellschaften in der Anerkennung der gesellschaftlichen Konsequenzen ihrer mehr oder weniger bewussten, letztlich politischen Entscheidungen für diese oder jene "Natur" liegt. Deshalb erkundet die Arbeit nicht zuletzt das Verhältnis von Natur und Politik, von Wissenschaft und Demokratie. "Jede oder Jeder, die oder der nachvollziehen will, warum die internationale Ökologie- und Technologie-Debatte in den Sozialwissenschaften so aufregend ist und worum sie sich dreht, kann sich in diesem Buch das nötige Rüstzeug aneignen" (Ulrich Beck im Vorwort).

Wozu Experten

Author: Alexander Bogner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322806928
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Dieser Band bietet einen Überblick über verschiedene theoretische Ansätze und praktische Forschungsfelder sozialwissenschaftlicher Expertiseforschung. Neben gesellschaftstheoretischen Zugängen werden empirische und international vergleichende Fallstudien zu aktuellen Umwelt- und Technikkonflikten vorgestellt und im Hinblick auf praktische Perspektiven der Politikberatung diskutiert.

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Author: Sergio Sismondo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144435888X
Format: PDF, Docs
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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics such as realism and social construction, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the public understanding of science Includes numerous empirical studies and illustrative examples to elucidate the topics discussed Now includes new material on political economies of scientific and technological knowledge, and democratizing technical decisions Other features of the new edition include improved readability, updated references, chapter reorganization, and more material on medicine and technology

The Nature of Technology

Author: Michael P. Clough
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9462092699
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How does technology alter thinking and action without our awareness? How can instantaneous information access impede understanding and wisdom? How does technology alter conceptions of education, schooling, teaching and what learning entails? What are the implications of these and other technology issues for society? Meaningful technology education is far more than learning how to use technology. It entails an understanding of the nature of technology — what technology is, how and why technology is developed, how individuals and society direct, react to, and are sometimes unwittingly changed by technology. This book places these and other issues regarding the nature of technology in the context of learning, teaching and schooling. The nature of technology and its impact on education must become a significant object of inquiry among educators. Students must come to understand the nature of technology so that they can make informed decisions regarding how technology may influence thinking, values and action, and when and how technology should be used in their personal lives and in society. Prudent choices regarding technology cannot be made without understanding the issues that this book raises. This book is intended to raise such issues and stimulate thinking and action among teachers, teacher educators, and education researchers. The contributions to this book raise historical and philosophical issues regarding the nature of technology and their implications for education; challenge teacher educators and teachers to promote understanding of the nature of technology; and provide practical considerations for teaching the nature of technology.

Communication Technology

Author: Darin Barney
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774840773
Format: PDF, Docs
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When the Internet began to emerge as a popular new mode of communication, many political scientists and social commentators believed that it would revolutionize our democratic institutions. Today, voter turnout is at an historic low and Internet usage is at an all-time high. Can we still make the claim that new information and communication technologies (ICTs) enhance democratic life in Canada? What effect does the technological mediation of political communication have on the practice of Canadian politics? How have such technologies affected the distribution of power in society?

Philosophy and Technology II

Author: Carl Mitcham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400945124
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Until recently, the philosophy and history of science proceeded in a separate way from the philosophy and history of technology, and indeed with respect to both science and technology, philosophical and historical inquiries were also following their separate ways. Now we see in the past quarter-century how the philosophy of science has been profoundly in fluenced by historical studies of the sciences, and no longer concerned so single-mindedly with the analysis of theory and explanation, with the re lation between hypotheses and experimental observation. Now also we see the traditional historical studies of technology supplemented by phi losophical questions, and no longer so plainly focussed upon contexts of application, on invention and practical engineering, and on the mutually stimulating relations between technology and society. Further, alas, the neat division of intellectual labor, those clearly drawn distinctions be tween science and technology, between the theoretical and the applied, between discovery and justification, between internalist and externalist approaches . . . all, all have become muddled! Partly, this is due to internal revolutions within the philosophy and his tory of science (the first result being recognition of their mutual rele vance). Partly, however, this state of 'muddle' is due to external factors: science, at the least in the last half-century, has become so intimately connected with technology, and technological developments have cre ated so many new fields of scientific (and philosophical) inquiry that any critical reflection on scientific and technological endeavors must hence forth take their interaction into account.

Acting with Technology

Author: Victor Kaptelinin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262263424
Format: PDF, Docs
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Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theory's principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory and its leading theoretical competitors within interaction design: distributed cognition, actor-network theory, and phenomenologically inspired approaches.