The Worlds of European Constitutionalism

Author: Gráinne de Búrca
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139501925
Format: PDF, Docs
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The idea of the EU as a constitutional order has recently taken on renewed life, as the Court of Justice declared the primacy of EU law not just over national constitutions but also over the international legal order, including the UN Charter. This book explores the nature and character of EU legal and political authority, and the complex analytical and normative questions which the notion of European constitutionalism raises, in both the EU's internal and its external relations. The book culminates in a dialogical epilogue in which the authors' arguments are questioned and challenged by the editor, providing a unique and stimulating approach to the subject. By bringing together leading constitutional theorists of the European Union, this book offers a sharp, challenging and engaging discussion for students and researchers alike.

The European Union as Guardian of Internet Privacy

Author: Hielke Hijmans
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319340905
Format: PDF
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This book examines the role of the EU in ensuring privacy and data protection on the internet. It describes and demonstrates the importance of privacy and data protection for our democracies and how the enjoyment of these rights is challenged by, particularly, big data and mass surveillance. The book takes the perspective of the EU mandate under Article 16 TFEU. It analyses the contributions of the specific actors and roles within the EU framework: the judiciary, the EU legislator, the independent supervisory authorities, the cooperation mechanisms of these authorities, as well as the EU as actor in the external domain. Article 16 TFEU enables the Court of the Justice of the EU to play its role as constitutional court and to set high standards for fundamental rights protection. It obliges the European Parliament and the Council to lay down legislation that encompasses all processing of personal data. It confirms control by independent supervisory authorities as an essential element of data protection and it gives the EU a strong mandate to act in the global arena. The analysis shows that EU powers can be successfully used in a legitimate and effective manner and that this subject could be a success story for the EU, in times of widespread euroskepsis. It demonstrates that the Member States remain important players in ensuring privacy and data protection. In order to be a success story, the key stakeholders should be prepared to go the extra mile, so it is argued in the book. The book is based on academic research for which the author received a double doctorate at the University of Amsterdam and the Vrije Universiteit Brussels. It builds on a long inside experience within the European institutions, as well as within the community of data protection and data protection authorities. It is a must read in a time where the setting of EU privacy and data protection is changing dramatically, not only as a result of the rapidly evolving information society, but also because of important legal developments such as the entry into force of the General Data Protection Regulation. This book will appeal to all those who are in some way involved in making this regulation work. It will also appeal to people interested in the institutional framework of the European Union and in the role of the Union of promoting fundamental rights, also in the wider world.

European Public Spheres

Author: Thomas Risse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107081653
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examines the emergence of (and limitations to) a common European public sphere and the advantages and problems surrounding this development.

Sovereignty in Post Sovereign Society

Author: Professor Jiří Přibáň
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472460871
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book comprehends the persistence of sovereignty as a political and juridical concept in the post-sovereign social condition, and reformulates the concept and its persistence as part of the self-referential communication of the systems of positive law and politics. The author uses several contemporary European examples, developments and paradoxes and argues that the modern question of sovereignty permanently oscillating between de iúre authority and de facto power cannot be discarded by theories of supranational and transnational globalized law and politics.

The European Union s Fight Against Terrorism

Author: Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134929978
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book contributes to the understanding of the counter-terrorism (CT) policy of the European Union (EU) by offering a set of analyses focusing on its external dimension. Whilst calling for the combination of internal and external policies as well as cooperation with third countries and international institutions, the external dimension of EUCT challenges previous assumptions on the functioning of the EU and offers new testing ground for the latest theoretical and methodological approaches. This volume provides the first systematic assessment of the external dimension of EUCT. It covers transatlantic counter-terrorism cooperation, the interaction between EU institutions and policies, theoretical debates on EU actorness in counter-terrorism and the role of judicial institutions in international counter-terrorism. Furthermore, it draws attention to the need for engaging in new discussions over the post-Lisbon Treaty Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), the international fight against terrorism, and the way international actors cooperate and compete on the security arena. It will be of interest for both academics and practitioners working on EU foreign policy, transatlantic relations and international counter-terrorism. It will also be of interest for students and journalists specialized on European and international affairs. This book was published as a special issue of European Security.

Republicanism Volume 1 Republicanism and Constitutionalism in Early Modern Europe

Author: Martin van Gelderen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521672351
Format: PDF, Kindle
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These volumes are the fruits of a major European Science Foundation project and offer the first comprehensive study of republicanism as a shared European heritage. Whilst previous research has mainly focused on Atlantic traditions of republicanism, Professors Skinner and van Gelderen have assembled an internationally distinguished set of contributors whose studies highlight the richness and diversity of European traditions. Volume I focuses on the importance of anti-monarchism in Europe and analyses the relationship between citizenship and civic humanism, concluding with studies of the relationship between constitutionalism and republicanism in the period between 1500 and 1800. Volume II, first published in 2002, is devoted to the study of key republican values such as liberty, virtue, politeness and toleration. This volume also addresses the role of women in European republican traditions, and contains a number of in-depth studies of the relationship between republicanism and the rise of a commercial society in early modern Europe.

Comparative Reasoning in European Supreme Courts

Author: Michal Bobek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199680388
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Peeking into each other's backyard and getting inspired by how a similar problem has been tackled by a neighbour or a colleague is certainly nothing new. Moreover, in most professions, acknowledging such inspiration coming from abroad will not pose a problem. For instance, it would only be welcomed if an English doctor suggested a less known but much more effective treatment in a hospital in Birmingham with reference to German expertise in successfully treatingthe same illness. There might be, however, a problem with similar argument in law. Modern positive law has been construed as a territorial national enterprise: for solving a legal dispute in Birmingham,only English law matters. English judges therefore ought to apply English common law and English statutes. What the Germans say or do in similar cases is irrelevant. This book is about judicial peeking: when and why do judges use inspiration from other systems in solving cases in national law? The book examines the frequency and the genuine practice of judicial peeking across national boundaries in contemporary Europe. It evaluates these findings and on their basis asks what theymean for our understanding of judicial reasoning and judicial function today.

Constitutionalism Legitimacy and Power

Author: Kelly L Grotke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191034711
Format: PDF, ePub
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If one counts the production of constitutional documents alone, the nineteenth century can lay claim to being a 'constitutional age'; one in which the generation and reception of constitutional texts served as a centre of gravity around which law and politics consistently revolved. This volume critically re-examines the role of constitutionalism in that period, in order to counter established teleological narratives that imply a consistent development from absolutism towards inclusive, participatory democracy. Various aspects of constitutional histories within and outside of Europe are examined from a comparative, transnational, and multidisciplinary historical perspective, organized around five key themes. The first part looks at constitutions as anti-revolutionary devices, and addresses state building, monarchical constitutionalism, and restorations. The second part takes up constitutions and the justification of new social inequalities, focusing on women's suffrage, human rights, and property. The third part uses individual country studies to take on questions of how constitutions served to promote nationalism. The use of constitutions as instruments of imperialism is covered in the fourth part, and the final part examines the ways that constitutions function simultaneously as legal and political texts. These themes reflect a certain scepticism regarding any easy relationship between stated constitutional ideals and enacted constitutional practices. Taken together, they also function as a general working hypothesis about the role of constitutions in the establishment and maintenance of a domestically and internationally imbalanced status quo, of which we are the present-day inheritors. More particularly, this volume addresses the question of the extent to which nineteenth-century constitutionalism may have set the stage for new forms of domination and discrimination, rather than inaugurating a period of 'progress' and increasing equality.