Oxygen Chemistry

Author: Donald T. Sawyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195363326
Format: PDF
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This book places oxygen on the center stage of chemistry in a manner that parallels the focus on carbon by 19th century chemists. One measure of the significance of oxygen chemistry is the greater diversity of oxygen-containing molecules than of carbon-containing molecules. One of the most important compounds is water, containing the properties of being a unique medium for biological chemistry and life, the source of all the dioxygen in the atmosphere, and the moderator of the earth's climate. Sawyer first introduces the biological origins of dioxygen and role of dioxygen in aerobic biology and oxidative metabolism, and in separate chapters discusses the oxidation-reduction thermodynamics of oxygen species, and the nature of the bonding for oxygen in its compounds. Additional chapters focus on the reactivities of specific oxygen compounds. The book will be of interest to chemists and biochemists, as well as graduate students, life scientists, and medical researchers.

Unimolecular Reaction Dynamics

Author: Tomas Baer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195360592
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a penetrating and comprehensive description of energy selected reactions from a theoretical as well as experimental view. Three major aspects of unimolecular reactions involving the preparation of the reactants in selected energy states, the rate of dissociation of the activated molecule, and the partitioning of the excess energy among the final products, are fully discussed with the aid of 175 illustrations and over 1,000 references, most from the recent literature. Examples of both neutral and ionic reactions are presented. Many of the difficult topics are discussed at several levels of sophistication to allow access by novices as well as experts. Among the topics covered for the first time in monograph form is a discussion of highly excited vibrational/rotational states and intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution. Problems associated with the application of RRKM theory are discussed with the aid of experimental examples. Detailed comparisons are also made between different statistical models of unimolecular decomposition. Both quantum and classical models not based on statistical assumptions are described. Finally, a chapter devoted to the theory of product energy distribution includes the application of phase space theory to the dissociation of small and large clusters. The work will be welcomed as a valuable resource by practicing researchers and graduate students in physical chemistry, and those involved in the study of chemical reaction dynamics.

Molecular Theory of Capillarity

Author: J. S. Rowlinson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486317099
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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History of surface phenomena offers critical and detailed examination and assessment of modern theories, focusing on statistical mechanics and application of results in mean-field approximation to model systems. 1989 edition.

The Physics of Liquid Crystals

Author: P. G. de Gennes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198517856
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The original edition was immediately recognized as a classic of condensed matter physics. This new edition covers the main properties of nematics, cholesterics, and smectics and columnar phases, particularly the symmetry and the mechanical and optical characteristics of each phase. The latter includes some applications to display systems. The emphasis on order-of-magnitude considerations should make it accessible to researchers and graduate students alike.

Semiclassical Mechanics with Molecular Applications

Author: M. S. Child
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Semiclassical mechanics relates Newton's classical theory to modern quantum mechanics in a manner designed for the interpretation of the most recent experimental evidence. The theory is physically intuitive and computationally accurate, and is particularly powerful for large quantum numbers - hence it has special reference to atomic, nuclear, and molecular physics. It also proves to be remarkably accurate even for the lowest quantum states. This book gives a comprehensive account of the application of the theory to molecular systems, with particular attention paid to the problems of non-separability. Spectroscopy is addressed in addition to collision theory. Although it is primarily a research monograph, the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter makes this book equally applicable as a graduate text.

The Theory of Polymer Dynamics

Author: Masao Doi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520337
Format: PDF
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'This book is destined to join the classics of polymer science...an essential purchase for any serious student of polymer dynamics.' British Polymer Journal

Brownian Motion

Author: Robert M. Mazo
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198515677
Format: PDF
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This book describes the theory of how processes on the unobservable molecular scale give rise to observable effects such as diffusion and electrical noise on the macroscopic or laboratory scale. It puts the modern theory into historical context, and features new applications, statistical mechanics derivations, and the mathematical background of the topic.

The organic chemistry of aliphatic nitrogen compounds

Author: Ben R. Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In recent years there have been considerable advances in organonitrogen chemistry, and many important new reagents and synthetic methods have been developed. This is a comprehensive, definitive modern account of the organic chemistry of aliphatic nitrogen compounds, which will serve as aninvaluable reference for all workers in the field. Each chapter begins with a brief introduction, which is followed by a detailed account of the preparation of the type of compound under consideration. Reactivity and reactions - including mechanistic aspects - are then discussed. All the main classes of compound, with the exception of aminoacids, are included. The book is highly referenced and provides a unique review of an important area of organic chemistry.