Oxygen Chemistry

Author: Donald T. Sawyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195363326
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book places oxygen on the center stage of chemistry in a manner that parallels the focus on carbon by 19th century chemists. One measure of the significance of oxygen chemistry is the greater diversity of oxygen-containing molecules than of carbon-containing molecules. One of the most important compounds is water, containing the properties of being a unique medium for biological chemistry and life, the source of all the dioxygen in the atmosphere, and the moderator of the earth's climate. Sawyer first introduces the biological origins of dioxygen and role of dioxygen in aerobic biology and oxidative metabolism, and in separate chapters discusses the oxidation-reduction thermodynamics of oxygen species, and the nature of the bonding for oxygen in its compounds. Additional chapters focus on the reactivities of specific oxygen compounds. The book will be of interest to chemists and biochemists, as well as graduate students, life scientists, and medical researchers.

Semiclassical Mechanics with Molecular Applications

Author: M. S. Child
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Semiclassical mechanics relates Newton's classical theory to modern quantum mechanics in a manner designed for the interpretation of the most recent experimental evidence. The theory is physically intuitive and computationally accurate, and is particularly powerful for large quantum numbers - hence it has special reference to atomic, nuclear, and molecular physics. It also proves to be remarkably accurate even for the lowest quantum states. This book gives a comprehensive account of the application of the theory to molecular systems, with particular attention paid to the problems of non-separability. Spectroscopy is addressed in addition to collision theory. Although it is primarily a research monograph, the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter makes this book equally applicable as a graduate text.

The organic chemistry of aliphatic nitrogen compounds

Author: Ben R. Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In recent years there have been considerable advances in organonitrogen chemistry, and many important new reagents and synthetic methods have been developed. This is a comprehensive, definitive modern account of the organic chemistry of aliphatic nitrogen compounds, which will serve as aninvaluable reference for all workers in the field. Each chapter begins with a brief introduction, which is followed by a detailed account of the preparation of the type of compound under consideration. Reactivity and reactions - including mechanistic aspects - are then discussed. All the main classes of compound, with the exception of aminoacids, are included. The book is highly referenced and provides a unique review of an important area of organic chemistry.

An atlas of fullerenes

Author: P. W. Fowler
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198557876
Format: PDF, ePub
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An Atlas of Fullerenes is the first comprehensive introduction to a subject of growing interest among chemists and physicists. Emphasizing the "first order" results that apply to the family as a whole, the atlas covers methods for generating and enumerating fullerene polyhedra, the systematic classification of electronic and spectroscopic signatures of fullerene isomers, isomerization via the Stone Wales re-arrangement, and hypothetical mechanisms for formation and fragmentation. Throughout, the text is complemented by a comprehensive catalog--almost 200 pages of pictures and tables--of fullerene isomers and documentation of a computer program that can be used to extend the catalog. The structural diversity encompassed by the fullerene definition of a trivalent carbon cage containing only pentagonal and hexagonal rings is simply staggering. An Atlas of Fullerenes, however, offers a systematic approach to the subject in what will surely be the standard reference for students, experimentalists who want to identify new fullerenes, computational chemists and physicists who seek to predict stable isomers and investigate general trends, and mathematicians attempting to unravel the secrets of this fascinating class of polyhedra.

Chemical applications of ultrafast spectroscopy

Author: Graham R. Fleming
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
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Recent innovations in the production of very short duration pulses of laser light have allowed chemists to study processes taking place on similarly short timescales. Taking these innovations into account, this timely volume describes the techniques of ultrafast spectroscopy and their applications in chemical research. The author details methods for generating and characterizing picosecond pulses; discusses current experimental techniques for the study of ultrafast chemical processes; and examines various applications to specific chemical problems. This volume will be a useful aid to researchers entering the field, as well as a valuable, up-to-the-minute reference for experts.

Mass Transfer and Absorbers

Author: T. Hobler
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483155676
Format: PDF, ePub
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Mass Transfer and Absorbers deals with absorption and mass transfer processes and the factors to consider in designing absorbers. Calculations are supported by a uniform, generalized process driving force, complying with Maxwell's equation, and the coefficients are made as independent as possible in terms of the kind of diffusion and of the values of the concentrations. This volume is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an overview of the general principles of diffusional mass transfer, absorption and stripping, and equilibrium between gas and liquid phases. Steady-state mass transfer by diffusion is then discussed, along with mass transfer in a single phase (forced flow and unforced flow). Subsequent chapters explore design considerations for mass transfer equipment and related problems; adsorption accompanied by a chemical reaction; and problems relating to hydrodynamics. The final chapter is devoted to some practical issues, including economic flow velocity and mechanical features of packed, plate, and spray tower designs. This book is intended for practicing designers and engineers.

Challenges in synthetic organic chemistry

Author: Teruaki Mukaiyama
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume describes the life's work of Professor Teruaki Mukaiyama, one of Japan's most important and respected synthetic organic chemists. It includes information on his early research into a wide range of reactions, including dehydration reactions, the use of organosulfur compounds, and oxidation-reduction condensations in peptide and nucleotide synthesis reagents, as well as an account of Mukaiyama's important work on the applications of titanium compounds in organic synthesis. Three final chapters review Mukaiyama's work in synthetic control, stereoselective synthesis of carbohydrates, the stereoselective aldol, and Michael reactions. This unique book makes accessible much research that has only been available in Japanese, and provides a rare account of the contributions of one of the world's leading chemists.

A New Dimension to Quantum Chemistry

Author:
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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In modern theoretical chemistry, the importance of the analytic evaluation of energy derivatives from reliable wave functions can hardly be overestimated. This monograph presents the formulation and implementation of analytical energy derivative methods in ab initio quantum chemistry. It includes a systematic presentation of the necessary algebraic formulae for all of the derivations. The coverage is limited to derivative methods for wave functions based on the variational principle, namely restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF), configuration interaction (CI) and multi-configuration self-consistent-field (MCSCF) wave functions. The monograph is intended to facilitate the work of quantum chemists, and will serve as a useful resource for graduate-level students of the field.