Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Victim Participation in Justice

Author: Edna Erez
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594609466
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book employs Therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) principles to examine how various countries approach victim participation in criminal justice proceedings. The contributions in the book are revised papers that were presented at an international conference, supported by a grant from the TransCoop Programme of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, in Onati, Spain, to study the potential impact of TJ approaches for victims. The Onati conference broke important ground by addressing victim welfare and well-being during, and as a result of, participation in proceedings. It brought scholars from several countries together to share their ideas, with interdisciplinary and international input. The collection that resulted from the conference allows for the sharing of these ideas with a wider audience, in the fields of law, legal studies, sociology, psychology and criminology/victimology. The contributors are well recognized researchers in their respective countries and the collection as a whole provides yet another critical and empirical research contribution from a TJ perspective.

Victims of Crime

Author: Robert C. Davis
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452203202
Format: PDF, Docs
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Victims of Crime 4/e includes newly contributed and updated articles utilizing the latest research and studies in the areas of violence, abuse, and victims′ rights from experts in the field. It has a stronger focus on emerging issues and policies in the field of victimology than other comparable texts. Features/Benefits: - Utilizes the latest research and studies in the areas of violence, abuse, and victims′ rights - Focuses on the emerging issues and policies in the fields of victim rights and crime prevention - The Chapter contributors represent some of the top scholars for each subject area. New to this Edition: - New 3 Part organization with the more common victimizing crimes first, followed by responses to victimizations, and then newer issues and types of victimizations in Part 3. - New chapters on human trafficking and cyber crime - Major expansion of the human services response and school victimizations. Updated throughout with new data and research.

Positive Criminology

Author: Natti Ronel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750837
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes. Each chapter in this book is written by key scholars in the related fields of criminology, victimology and addiction and, thus, assembles varied and extensive approaches to rehabilitation and treatment. These approaches share in common a positive criminology view, thereby enriching our understanding of the concept and other strength-based approaches to dealing with offenders and victims. This edited book elaborates on positive criminology core ideas and assumptions; discusses related theories and innovations; and presents various benefits that this perspective can promote in the field of rehabilitation. For this reason, this book will be essential reading for those engaged in the study of criminology, criminal justice and victimology and may also assist scholars and professionals to help offenders desist from crime and improve victims’ well-being.

Reparation for Victims of Crimes against Humanity

Author: Jo-Anne M. Wemmers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134709471
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Each year, countless people fall victim to crimes against humanity. These include widespread occurrences of systematic murder, torture, rape, disappearances, forced deportation and political persecution. Crimes against humanity constitute an attack on human dignity and as such they violate the human rights of the victim, as well as the laws of humanity. In recent years, following the creation of the International Criminal Court, there has been a growing interest in the prosecution of offenders and, in particular, in reparation following crimes against humanity. While such measures are meant to provide justice for victims, victims are often forgotten or lost in legal debates about what constitutes reparation and who is eligible to receive it. This book reaches beyond the boundaries of law and psychology and takes a multidisciplinary approach to the question of reparation for victims of crimes against humanity. Law does not take place in a vacuum and it is important to consider the impact of the law on the psychology of the victim, as well as the legal principles themselves. Herein lies the originality of this book, which bridges the gaps between psychology, victimology, criminology and law and will be of key interest to academics and students engaged in the study of these areas.

Emotional Dynamics of Law and Legal Discourse

Author: Heather Conway
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509902473
Format: PDF, Docs
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In his seminal work, Emotional Intelligence, Daniel Goleman suggests that the common view of human intelligence is far too narrow and that emotions play a much greater role in thought, decision-making and individual success than is commonly acknowledged. The importance of emotion to human experience cannot be denied, yet the relationship between law and emotion is one that has largely been ignored until recent years. However, the last two decades have seen a rapidly expanding interest among scholars of all disciplines into the way in which law and the emotions interact, including the law's response to emotion and the extent to which emotions pervade the practice of the law. In The Emotional Dynamics of Law and Legal Discourse a group of leading scholars from both sides of the Atlantic explore these issues across key areas of private law, public law, criminal justice and dispute resolution, illustrating how emotion infuses all areas of legal thought. The collection argues for a more positive view of the role of emotion in the context of legal discourse and demonstrates ways in which the law could, in the words of Goleman, become more emotionally intelligent.

Justice for Victims

Author: Inge Vanfraechem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136207759
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Justice for Victims brings together the world’s leading scholars in the fields of study surrounding victimization in a pioneering international collection. This book focuses on the current study of victims of crime, combining both legal and social-scientific perspectives, articulating both in new directions and questioning whether victims really do have more rights in our modern world. This book offers an interdisciplinary approach, covering large-scale (political) victimization, terrorist victimization, sexual victimization and routine victimization. Split into three sections, this book provides in-depth coverage of: victims' rights, transitional justice and victims' perspectives, and trauma, resilience and justice. Victims' rights are conceptualised in the human rights framework and discussed in relation to supranational, international and regional policies. The transitional justice section covers victims of war from those caught between peace and justice, as well as post-conflict justice. The final section focuses on post-traumatic stress, connecting psychological and anthropological perceptions in analysing collective violence, mass victimization and trauma. This book addresses challenging and new issues in the field of victimology and the study of transitional and restorative justice. As such, it will be of interest to researchers, practitioners and students interested in the fields of victimology, transitional justice, restorative justice and trauma work.

Victimology and Victim Rights

Author: Tyrone Kirchengast
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317002288
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines the international, regional and domestic human rights frameworks that establish victim rights as a central force in law and policy in the twenty-first century. Accessing substantial source material that sets out a normative framework of victim rights, this work argues that despite degrees of convergence, victim rights are interpreted on the domestic level, in accordance with the localised interests of victims and individual states. The transition of the victim from peripheral to central stakeholder of justice is demonstrated across various adversarial, inquisitorial and hybrid systems in an international context. Examining the standing of victims globally, this book provides a comparative analysis of the role of the victim in the International Criminal Court, the ad hoc tribunals leading to the development of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, together with the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia, Special Panels of East Timor (Timor Leste), and the Internationalised Panels in Kosovo. The instruments of the European Parliament and Council of Europe, with the rulings of the European Court of Justice, and the European Court of Human Rights, interpreting the European Convention of Human Rights, are examined. These instruments are further contextualised on the local, domestic level of the inquisitorial systems of Germany and France, and mixed systems of Sweden, Austria and the Netherlands, together with common law systems including, England and Wales, Ireland, Scotland, USA, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, South Africa, and the hybrid systems of Japan and Brazil. This book organises the authoritative instruments while advancing debate over the positioning of the victim in law and policy, as influenced by global trends in criminal justice, and will be of great interest to scholars of international law, criminal law, victimology and socio-legal studies.

Children as Victims Witnesses and Offenders

Author: Bette L. Bottoms
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606233580
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Grounded in the latest clinical and developmental knowledge, this book brings together leading authorities to examine the critical issues that arise when children and adolescents become involved in the justice system. Chapters explore young people’s capacities, competencies, and special vulnerabilities as victims, witnesses, and defendants. Key topics include the reliability of children’s abuse disclosures, eyewitness testimony, interviews, and confessions; the evolving role of the expert witness; the psychological impact of trauma and of legal involvement; factors that shape jurors’ perceptions of children; and what works in rehabilitating juvenile offenders. Policies and practices that are not supported by science are identified, and approaches to improving them are discussed.

Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Overcoming Violence Against Women

Author: Halder, Debarati
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522524738
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Law is a multi-dimensional aspect of modern society that constantly shifts and changes over time. In recent years, the practice of therapeutic jurisprudence has increased significantly as a valuable discipline. Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Overcoming Violence Against Women is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly research on the strategic role of jurisprudential practices to benefit women and protect women’s rights. Highlighting a range of perspectives on topics such as reproductive rights, workplace safety, and victim-offender overlap, this book is ideally designed for academics, practitioners, policy makers, students, and practitioners seeking research on utilizing the law as a social force in modern times.

International Perspectives and Empirical Findings on Child Participation

Author: Ṭali Gal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199366985
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"The overall goal of the book is to identify processes that allow children to engage in meaningful dialogue with others toward the achievement of optimal decisions. The book chapters provide a kaleidoscope of empirical findings regarding child-inclusive mechanisms practiced in different countries, cultures, and arenas, such as child-participation in school-related decisions, child-protection processes, restorative justice mechanisms, family disputes and courts. The various chapters consider both the ways children are included in dialogues and the levels of success of these processes. How do children experience various fora of decision-making? To what extent do children feel that they are able to express their views freely and that their viewpoints are given due weight, in accordance with their age and maturity? What kind of representation do they regard as empowering and effective? How important do children consider their ability to influence the outcome of the process? Who do they want to partake in decision-making mechanisms? These are only some examples of child-centered investigations toward effective child participation that the various chapters of this book aim at describing. Other chapters consider outcome variables focusing on the opinions of parents, professionals and family members regarding the way decision-making processes involve children"--