Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials

Author: Amy S. Fleischer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319209221
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the use of solid‐liquid phase change materials to store significant amounts of energy in the latent heat of fusion. The proper selection of materials for different applications is covered in detail, as is the use of high conductivity additives to enhance thermal diffusivity. Dr. Fleischer explores how applications of PCMS have expanded over the past 10 years to include the development of high efficiency building materials to reduce heating and cooling needs, smart material design for clothing, portable electronic systems thermal management, solar thermal power plant design and many others. Additional future research directions and challenges are also discussed.

Lightweight Landscape

Author: Alessandra Zanelli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319216651
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book explains how lightweight materials and structures can be deployed in buildings to meet high environmental and aesthetic standards and emphasizes how the concept of lightness in building technology and design dovetails with the desire to enhance landscape. The first part of the book, on lightweight construction, aims to foster the use of membranes within the specific climatic context and in particular considers how lightweight materials and innovative technologies can enrich the quality of temporary spaces. The second part focuses exclusively on landscape, presenting novel approaches in the search for visual lightness and the quest to improve urban spaces. Particular attention is paid to the Italian experience, where the traditional appreciation of brick and stone has limited the scope for use of lightweight structures and membrane materials, often relegating them to a secondary or inappropriate role. The reader will come to appreciate how this attitude demeans a very advanced productive sector and neglects the ancient tradition of temporary architecture.

Next Generation Microchannel Heat Exchangers

Author: Michael Ohadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461407796
Format: PDF
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In Next Generation Microchannel Heat Exchangers, the authors’ focus on the new generation highly efficient heat exchangers and presentation of novel data and technical expertise not available in the open literature. Next generation micro channels offer record high heat transfer coefficients with pressure drops much less than conventional micro channel heat exchangers. These inherent features promise fast penetration into many mew markets, including high heat flux cooling of electronics, waste heat recovery and energy efficiency enhancement applications, alternative energy systems, as well as applications in mass exchangers and chemical reactor systems. The combination of up to the minute research findings and technical know-how make this book very timely as the search for high performance heat and mass exchangers that can cut costs in materials consumption intensifies.

Graphene Carbon Nanotube Hybrids for Energy and Environmental Applications

Author: Wei Fan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811028036
Format: PDF
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This book describes various carbon nanomaterials and their unique properties, and offers a detailed introduction to graphene–carbon nanotube (CNT) hybrids. It demonstrates strategies for the hybridization of CNTs with graphene, which fully utilize the synergistic effect between graphene and CNTs. It also presents a wide range of applications of graphene–CNT hybrids as novel materials for energy storage and environmental remediation. Further, it discusses the preparation, structures and properties of graphene–CNT hybrids, providing interesting examples of three types of graphene–CNT hybrids with different nanostructures. This book is of interest to a wide readership in various fields of materials science and engineering.

Dropwise Condensation on Inclined Textured Surfaces

Author: Sameer Khandekar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461484472
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dropwise Condensation on Textured Surfaces presents a holistic framework for understanding dropwise condensation through mathematical modeling and meaningful experiments. The book presents a review of the subject required to build up models as well as to design experiments. Emphasis is placed on the effect of physical and chemical texturing and their effect on the bulk transport phenomena. Application of the model to metal vapor condensation is of special interest. The unique behavior of liquid metals, with their low Prandtl number and high surface tension, is also discussed. The model predicts instantaneous drop size distribution for a given level of substrate subcooling and derives local as well as spatio-temporally averaged heat transfer rates and wall shear stress.

Design of Thermal Barrier Coatings

Author: Mohit Gupta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319172549
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book details the relationships between microstructure, interface roughness, and properties of thermal barrier coatings. The author proposes a method for the reduction of the thermal conductivity of the ceramic layer in order to increase the lifetime of thermal barrier coatings. He includes models for the optimization of ceramic layer microstructure and interface roughness.

Nearly Zero Energy Buildings and Proliferation of Microorganisms

Author: Elisa Di Giuseppe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331902356X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a concise review of the thermo-physical phenomena which regulate heat and moisture transportation in Nearly Zero Energy Buildings envelopes, and their relationship with the growth of biological organisms. It describes the main microorganisms proliferating on contemporary building elements and within buildings. It also states the consequences of biological growth on durability, aesthetics and human health; and provides the main methods for the analytical and experimental evaluation of proliferation. Finally, through the review of recent developments, remedial actions to counter the biological phenomenon are examined, and an outline is provided for future innovations in a field not yet widely investigated.

Boiling Heat Transfer in Dilute Emulsions

Author: Matthew Lind Roesle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146144621X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Boiling Heat Transfer in Dilute Emulsions synthesizes recent advances and established understanding on the subject of boiling in dilute emulsions. Experimental results from various sources are collected and analyzed, including contemporary experiments that correlate visualization with heat transfer data. Published models of boiling heat transfer in dilute emulsions, and their implementation, are described and assessed against experimental data.

Natural Convection in Superposed Fluid Porous Layers

Author: Aniruddha Bagchi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461465761
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Natural Convection in Composite Fluid-Porous Domains provides a timely overview of the current state of understanding on the phenomenon of convection in composite fluid-porous layers. Natural convection in horizontal fluid-porous layers has received renewed attention because of engineering problems such as post-accident cooling of nuclear reactors, contaminant transport in groundwater, and convection in fibrous insulation systems. Because applications of the problem span many scientific domains, the book serves as a valuable resource for a wide audience.