Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Author: Vladimir Fortov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814749214
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Author: Vladimr E. Fortov
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814749190
Format: PDF, ePub
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The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.

Big Data

Author: Fei Hu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498734871
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Although there are already some books published on Big Data, most of them only cover basic concepts and society impacts and ignore the internal implementation details—making them unsuitable to R&D people. To fill such a need, Big Data: Storage, Sharing, and Security examines Big Data management from an R&D perspective. It covers the 3S designs—storage, sharing, and security—through detailed descriptions of Big Data concepts and implementations. Written by well-recognized Big Data experts around the world, the book contains more than 450 pages of technical details on the most important implementation aspects regarding Big Data. After reading this book, you will understand how to: Aggregate heterogeneous types of data from numerous sources, and then use efficient database management technology to store the Big Data Use cloud computing to share the Big Data among large groups of people Protect the privacy of Big Data during network sharing With the goal of facilitating the scientific research and engineering design of Big Data systems, the book consists of two parts. Part I, Big Data Management, addresses the important topics of spatial management, data transfer, and data processing. Part II, Security and Privacy Issues, provides technical details on security, privacy, and accountability. Examining the state of the art of Big Data over clouds, the book presents a novel architecture for achieving reliability, availability, and security for services running on the clouds. It supplies technical descriptions of Big Data models, algorithms, and implementations, and considers the emerging developments in Big Data applications. Each chapter includes references for further study.

Hadrons and Quark Gluon Plasma

Author: Jean Letessier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139433037
Format: PDF, Docs
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Before matter as we know it emerged, the universe was filled with the primordial state of hadronic matter called quark–gluon plasma. This hot soup of quarks and gluons is effectively an inescapable consequence of our current knowledge about the fundamental hadronic interactions: quantum chromodynamics. This book covers the ongoing search to verify the prediction experimentally and discusses the physical properties of this novel form of matter. It begins with an overview of the subject, followed by discussion of experimental methods and results. The second half of the book covers hadronic matter in confined and deconfined form, and strangeness as a signature of the quark–gluon phase. Covering the basics as well as more advanced material, it is ideal as an introduction for graduate students, as well as providing a valuable reference for researchers already working in this and related fields.

Melting Hadrons Boiling Quarks From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at CERN

Author: Johann Rafelski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319175459
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gaździcki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes. About the editor: Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Bor n in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. Rafelski arrived at CERN in 1977, where in a joint effort with Hagedorn he contributed greatly to the establishment of the relativistic heavy ion collision, and quark-gluon plasma research fields. Moving on, with stops in Frankfurt and Cape Town, to Arizona, he invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma.

The CBM Physics Book

Author: Bengt Friman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642132936
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This exhaustive survey is the result of a four year effort by many leading researchers in the field to produce both a readable introduction and a yardstick for the many upcoming experiments using heavy ion collisions to examine the properties of nuclear matter. The books falls naturally into five large parts, first examining the bulk properties of strongly interacting matter, including its equation of state and phase structure. Part II discusses elementary hadronic excitations of nuclear matter, Part III addresses the concepts and models regarding the space-time dynamics of nuclear collision experiments, Part IV collects the observables from past and current high-energy heavy-ion facilities in the context of the theoretical predictions specific to compressed baryonic matter. Part V finally gives a brief description of the experimental concepts. The book explicitly addresses everyone working or planning to enter the field of high-energy nuclear physics.