Time Communication and Global Capitalism

Author: Wayne Hope
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137443464
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this book Wayne Hope analyzes the double relation between time and global capitalism. In order to do this, he cross-relates four epistemes of time - epochality, time reckoning, temporality and coevalness – with four materializations of time – hegemony, conflict, crisis and rupture. Using this framework allows Hope to argue that global capitalism is epochally distinctive, riven by time conflicts, prone to recurring crises, and vulnerable to collective opposition. These critical insights are not easily thematized in a mediated world of real-time reflexivity, detemporalized presentism, and denials of coevalness associated with structural exclusions of the poor. However, the worldwide repercussions of the 2008 financial collapse and the resulting confluence of occupation movements, riots, protests, strike activity, and anti-austerity activism raises the prospect of a rupture within and beyond global capitalism.

Capitalism and communication

Author: Nicholas Garnham
Publisher: Sage Pubns
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Capitalism and Communication a leading exponent of the political economy approach to mass communication poses a robust intellectual challenge to the currently dominant postmodernist and information-society theories. Combining theoretical reflection with empirical case studies, these seminal essays investigate the role of the media and cultural institutions in contemporary capitalist societies. The debate revolves around two questions, one concerning public policy, the other media studies. Under current economic and political conditions, what are the appropriate forms and places for government intervention? What should cultural and media studies be studying, how and why? Nicholas Garnham argues that only Marxist political economy offers an adequate theoretical foundation for understanding the dual nature - both economic and political - of communication practices in capitalist societies. He pays particular attention to the impact of global economic restructuring and the associated spread of new telecommunication technologies. This theme is linked to an argument against the media-centric approach to the study of communications. The author contends instead that the media are worth studying essentially because they bring into focus key wider problems within both social science and politics. This spirited defence of modernism, combining rationalism with democracy, will be of central interest to all concerned with communication studies, cultural studies and the sociology and political economy of the media.

Globalized Finance and Varieties of Capitalism

Author: H. van Zon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137560274
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Hans van Zon analyzes the financialization of developed capitalism, and argues that the emergence of finance as a dominant force has contributed to the relative decline of the West. He demonstrates that the neo-liberal model is inherently unstable and undermines capitalist economies, which can only function if they are embedded in institutions that are non- or even pre-capitalist. He shows how a toxic combination of financialization, corporate globalization, and a deregulated and parasitic financial industry have led to structural economic stagnation in both the USA and the greater part of the EU.

National Diversity and Global Capitalism

Author: Suzanne Berger
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801483196
Format: PDF
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How does globalization change national economies and politics? Are rising levels of trade, capital flows, new communication technologies, and deregulation forcing all societies to converge toward the same structures of production and distribution? Suzanne Berger and Ronald Dore have brought together a distinguished group of experts to consider how the international economy shapes and transforms domestic structures. Drawing from experience in the United States, Europe, and Asia, the contributors ask whether competition, imitation, diffusion of best practice, trade, and financial flows are reducing national diversities. The authors seek to understand whether the sources of national political autonomy are undermined by changes in the international system. Can distinctive varieties of capitalism that incorporate unique and valued institutions for achieving social welfare survive in a global economy? The contributions to the volume present a challenge to conventional views on the extent and scope of globalization as well as to predictions of the imminent disappearance of the nation state's leverage over the economy.

Emerging Powers Emerging Markets Emerging Societies

Author: Steen Fryba Christensen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137561785
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The rise of emerging or new powers has recently become one of the most researched areas in International Relations. While most studies focus on relations between traditional and emerging powers, this edited collection turns the focus 180 degrees and asks how countries outside these two power sets have reacted to the emerging new world order. Are emerging powers creating a united front in a struggle to change the global order, or are they more concerned with national interests? Are we seeing major changes in the global order, or simply an adjustment by the traditional powers to the emergence of new contenders? In order to the answer these questions, the authors take a broad thematic approach in analyzing recent trends in the interplay between states, markets and societies, concentrating in particular on Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and Europe, and on the three major emerging powers: China, India and Brazil.

Ireland Small Open Economies and European Integration

Author: D. Begg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137559608
Format: PDF
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David Begg examines how four small open economies- Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands and Ireland- have managed the stresses and strains of Europeanisation since the single market came into being, and as fault lines begin to appear within the European integration project. In particular, he drills down into the Irish Polity to see how its institutions have engaged with Europe and how decisions on critical issues like integration, EMU and Social Partnership were reached. He finds that both Ireland and Europe are at a critical juncture for different but interconnected reasons, and identifies the options that are available to them.

Innovation in Emerging Markets

Author: J. Haar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137480297
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Innovation is sweeping the globe at breakneck speed, and emerging markets are where tremendous growth and opportunity reside. Jerry Haar and Ricardo Ernst delve into the forces and drivers that shape innovation in emerging markets and present case studies, along with a summation of the key features and outlook for innovation over the next decade.

Capitalism and the Political Economy of Work Time

Author: Christoph Hermann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131759634X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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John Maynard Keynes expected that around the year 2030 people would only work 15 hours a week. In the mid-1960s, Jean Fourastié still anticipated the introduction of the 30-hour week in the year 2000, when productivity would continue to grow at an established pace. Productivity growth slowed down somewhat in the 1970s and 1980s, but rebounded in the 1990s with the spread of new information and communication technologies. The knowledge economy, however, did not bring about a jobless future or a world without work, as some scholars had predicted. With few exceptions, work hours of full-time employees have hardly fallen in the advanced capitalist countries in the last three decades, while in a number of countries they have actually increased since the 1980s. This book takes the persistence of long work hours as starting point to investigate the relationship between capitalism and work time. It does so by discussing major theoretical schools and their explanations for the length and distribution of work hours, as well as tracing major changes in production and reproduction systems, and analyzing their consequences for work hours. Furthermore, this volume explores the struggle for shorter work hours, starting from the introduction of the ten-hour work day in the nineteenth century to the introduction of the 35-hour week in France and Germany at the end of the twentieth century. However, the book also shows how neoliberalism has eroded collective work time regulations and resulted in an increase and polarization of work hours since the 1980s. Finally, the book argues that shorter work hours not only means more free time for workers, but also reduces inequality and improves human and ecological sustainability.

Globalization and Transnational Capitalism in Asia and Oceania

Author: Jeb Sprague
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317482875
Format: PDF, Mobi
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News headlines warn of rivalries and competing nations across Asia and the Pacific, even as powerful new cross-border relations form as never before. This book looks behind the Asia-Pacific curtain: at the new forms of social, economic, and political integration taking place through a global capitalism that is rife with contradictions, inequality, and crisis. We are moved beyond traditional conceptualizations of the inter-state system with its nation-state competition as the core organizing principle of world capitalism and the principal institutional framework that shapes the makeup of global social forces. These important studies examine and debate over how there is a growing transnationality of material (economic) relations in the global era, as well as an emerging transnationality of many social and class relations. How does transnational capitalist class fractions, new middle strata, and labor undergird globalization in Asia and Oceania? How have states and institutions become entwined with such processes? This book provides insight into a field of dynamic change.