Time Communication and Global Capitalism

Author: Wayne Hope
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137443464
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this book Wayne Hope analyzes the double relation between time and global capitalism. In order to do this, he cross-relates four epistemes of time - epochality, time reckoning, temporality and coevalness – with four materializations of time – hegemony, conflict, crisis and rupture. Using this framework allows Hope to argue that global capitalism is epochally distinctive, riven by time conflicts, prone to recurring crises, and vulnerable to collective opposition. These critical insights are not easily thematized in a mediated world of real-time reflexivity, detemporalized presentism, and denials of coevalness associated with structural exclusions of the poor. However, the worldwide repercussions of the 2008 financial collapse and the resulting confluence of occupation movements, riots, protests, strike activity, and anti-austerity activism raises the prospect of a rupture within and beyond global capitalism.

Globalized Finance and Varieties of Capitalism

Author: H. van Zon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137560274
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hans van Zon analyzes the financialization of developed capitalism, and argues that the emergence of finance as a dominant force has contributed to the relative decline of the West. He demonstrates that the neo-liberal model is inherently unstable and undermines capitalist economies, which can only function if they are embedded in institutions that are non- or even pre-capitalist. He shows how a toxic combination of financialization, corporate globalization, and a deregulated and parasitic financial industry have led to structural economic stagnation in both the USA and the greater part of the EU.

Capitalism and communication

Author: Nicholas Garnham
Publisher: Sage Pubns
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Capitalism and Communication a leading exponent of the political economy approach to mass communication poses a robust intellectual challenge to the currently dominant postmodernist and information-society theories. Combining theoretical reflection with empirical case studies, these seminal essays investigate the role of the media and cultural institutions in contemporary capitalist societies. The debate revolves around two questions, one concerning public policy, the other media studies. Under current economic and political conditions, what are the appropriate forms and places for government intervention? What should cultural and media studies be studying, how and why? Nicholas Garnham argues that only Marxist political economy offers an adequate theoretical foundation for understanding the dual nature - both economic and political - of communication practices in capitalist societies. He pays particular attention to the impact of global economic restructuring and the associated spread of new telecommunication technologies. This theme is linked to an argument against the media-centric approach to the study of communications. The author contends instead that the media are worth studying essentially because they bring into focus key wider problems within both social science and politics. This spirited defence of modernism, combining rationalism with democracy, will be of central interest to all concerned with communication studies, cultural studies and the sociology and political economy of the media.

Emerging Powers Emerging Markets Emerging Societies

Author: Steen Fryba Christensen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137561785
Format: PDF
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The rise of emerging or new powers has recently become one of the most researched areas in International Relations. While most studies focus on relations between traditional and emerging powers, this edited collection turns the focus 180 degrees and asks how countries outside these two power sets have reacted to the emerging new world order. Are emerging powers creating a united front in a struggle to change the global order, or are they more concerned with national interests? Are we seeing major changes in the global order, or simply an adjustment by the traditional powers to the emergence of new contenders? In order to the answer these questions, the authors take a broad thematic approach in analyzing recent trends in the interplay between states, markets and societies, concentrating in particular on Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and Europe, and on the three major emerging powers: China, India and Brazil.

Innovation in Emerging Markets

Author: J. Haar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137480297
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Innovation is sweeping the globe at breakneck speed, and emerging markets are where tremendous growth and opportunity reside. Jerry Haar and Ricardo Ernst delve into the forces and drivers that shape innovation in emerging markets and present case studies, along with a summation of the key features and outlook for innovation over the next decade.

Tin and Global Capitalism 1850 2000

Author: Mats Ingulstad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317816110
Format: PDF, Docs
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For most of the twentieth century tin was fundamental for both warfare and welfare. The importance of tin is most powerfully represented by the tin can - an invention which created a revolution in food preservation and helped feed both the armies of the great powers and the masses of the new urban society. The trouble with tin was that economically viable deposits of the metal could only be found in a few regions of the world, predominantly in the southern hemisphere, while the main centers of consumption were in the industrialized north. The tin trade was therefore a highly politically charged economy in which states and private enterprise competed and cooperated to assert control over deposits, smelters and markets. Tin provides a particularly telling illustration of how the interactions of business and governments shape the evolution of the global economic trade; the tin industry has experienced extensive state intervention during times of war, encompasses intense competition and cartelization, and has seen industry centers both thrive and fail in the wake of decolonization. The history of the international tin industry reveals the complex interactions and interdependencies between local actors and international networks, decolonization and globalization, as well as government foreign policies and entrepreneurial tactics. By highlighting the global struggles for control and the constantly shifting economic, geographical and political constellations within one specific industry, this collection of essays brings the state back into business history, and the firm into the history of international relations.

Capitalism and the Information Age

Author: Robert D. McChesney
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
ISBN: 9780853459897
Format: PDF, ePub
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Are the new technologies of the information age reshaping the labor force, transforming communications, changing the potential of democracy, and altering the course of history itself? Capitalism and the Information Age presents a rigorous examination of some of the most crucial problems and possibilities of these novel technologies. Not a day goes by that we don't see a news clip, hear a radio report, or read an article heralding the miraculous new technologies of the information age. The communication revolution associated with these technologies is often heralded as the key to a new age of "globalization." How is all of this reshaping the labor force, transforming communications, changing the potential of democracy, and altering the course of history itself? Capitalism and the Information Age presents a rigorous examination of some of the most crucial problems and possibilities of these novel technologies.

Globalisation Dimensions Impacts

Author: İsmail Şiriner
Publisher: IJOPEC Publication
ISBN: 0956825621
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume explores the interaction of globalization among economic, social, politics, cultural era. With its global implications, this book will be invaluable for students scholars from all disciplines who are concerned with the impact and dimension globalization. This volume “Dimension and Impact of Globalization” of series will make sense of globalization by conveying its complexity, importance, and contentiousness from diverse vantage points. With its broad coverage of political, economic, cultural, social and individual dimensions, this volume provides readers with a comprehensive introduction to globalization. Also this book will aim to provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research ndings in the area. It will be written for professionals who want to improve their understanding of the globalization dimension such as; economical, political, cultural, social etc.

Capitalism and the Political Economy of Work Time

Author: Christoph Hermann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131759634X
Format: PDF
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John Maynard Keynes expected that around the year 2030 people would only work 15 hours a week. In the mid-1960s, Jean Fourastié still anticipated the introduction of the 30-hour week in the year 2000, when productivity would continue to grow at an established pace. Productivity growth slowed down somewhat in the 1970s and 1980s, but rebounded in the 1990s with the spread of new information and communication technologies. The knowledge economy, however, did not bring about a jobless future or a world without work, as some scholars had predicted. With few exceptions, work hours of full-time employees have hardly fallen in the advanced capitalist countries in the last three decades, while in a number of countries they have actually increased since the 1980s. This book takes the persistence of long work hours as starting point to investigate the relationship between capitalism and work time. It does so by discussing major theoretical schools and their explanations for the length and distribution of work hours, as well as tracing major changes in production and reproduction systems, and analyzing their consequences for work hours. Furthermore, this volume explores the struggle for shorter work hours, starting from the introduction of the ten-hour work day in the nineteenth century to the introduction of the 35-hour week in France and Germany at the end of the twentieth century. However, the book also shows how neoliberalism has eroded collective work time regulations and resulted in an increase and polarization of work hours since the 1980s. Finally, the book argues that shorter work hours not only means more free time for workers, but also reduces inequality and improves human and ecological sustainability.